Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 17 items for :

  • "adaptation" x
  • Anthropology x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
T.K. Ralebitso-Senior, T.J.U. Thompson, and H.E. Carney

In the mid-1990s, the crime scene toolkit was revolutionised by the introduction of DNA-based analyses such as the polymerase chain reaction, low copy number DNA analysis, short-tandem repeat typing, pulse-field gel electrophoresis and variable number tandem repeat. Since then, methodological advances in other disciplines, especially molecular microbial ecology, can now be adapted for cutting-edge applications in forensic contexts. Despite several studies and discussions, there is, however, currently very little evidence of these techniques adoption at the contemporary crime scene. Consequently, this article discusses some of the popular omics and their current and potential exploitations in the forensic ecogenomics of body decomposition in a crime scene. Thus, together with published supportive findings and discourse, knowledge gaps are identified. These then justify the need for more comprehensive, directed, concerted and global research towards state-of-the-art microecophysiology method application and/or adaptation for subsequent successful exploitations in this additional context of microbial forensics.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Nitsan Chorev

. The WHO, I argue, often utilized strategic responses instead of complying with or explicitly resisting the neoliberal turn. In the section below I describe what the WHO was able to protect through strategic adaptation. But this strategy is also not without a cost. The case of Ebola tells us about the price paid. Strategic adaptation to neoliberal pressures The WHO was established in 1948 as a specialized agency of the UN. It was considered to be one of the more reputable UN agencies, but its initial experience of the

in Global health and the new world order
From colonial to cross-cultural psychiatry in Nigeria
Matthew M. Heaton

international programmes in cross-cultural psychiatric research over the period from the 1950s to 1970s. Lambo ultimately helped to cement a mental health care paradigm originating from the global North, in Nigeria, in ways that significantly expanded upon the colonial model. However, at the same time he adapted that paradigm to better fit local circumstances, and those adaptations in turn recirculated into the global discourse, affecting the way psychiatrists around the world thought about the nature and treatment of mental illness. The development of mental health

in Global health and the new world order
Abstract only
Migrant prehistory
Paul Carter

Migrant identity is defined by movement. Migration is usually portrayed as an external pressure applied to an otherwise static subject. This chapter posits a predisposition to flight, illustrated in my own early identifications with birds and balls. This thought suggests another: a migrant prehistory begins in an account of the impersonal movement forms that have shaped the lives of generations of forebears. There are two sides to this: the ‘dream’ in which my great-great-grandfather Joseph Terry made his way (industrialisation of the trades and waterways of Yorkshire’s West Riding) and which my Carter forebears endured (land enclosure and smallholding expulsion); and their continuously creative adaptation, characterised by political utopianism and religious radicalism. Illustrating the point that ‘Australia’ begins within, as a projection of historical necessities, the chapter concludes with the story of Buscot Park, near where I grew up. In this picturesque Eden (so it seemed) I used to study bird migration; later, I discovered it was largely the creation of a mid-nineteenth century Australian immigrant, a curious hybrid of home thoughts from abroad.

in Translations, an autoethnography
Nora Engel

understand how actors enact standards in practices, rather than to suggest a particular balance of local adaptation and standardization (Engel and Zeiss, 2014 ). Such an approach allows studying how patients and health care providers negotiate what for them is social about TB, instead of taking social determinants as taken for granted in advance (Koch, 2016 ). In what follows and after a brief background on DOTS, the existing critique on DOTS is reviewed with regard to the relationship between standardization and localization and discussed with empirical results from

in Global health and the new world order
Abstract only
Modelling, ethnography and the challenge of the anthropocene
Hannah Knox

climate change adaptation with a view to providing a blueprint for cities and urban policymakers of how to adapt to future environmental challenges. Several people were employed on the project, including a physical geographer, a quantitative social scientist, a policy expert, a junior qualitative social researcher and two senior professors who came respectively from a natural science and a social science background. During the course of the project I became involved in their work and contributed to some of the project research. This chapter emerges, ethnographically

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Claire Beaudevin, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, Anne M. Lovell, and Laurent Pordié

) and Chorev ( 2012 ), as well as Cueto, Brown and Fee in their recent monograph ( 2019 ), have operated within comparable framings. Similarly, Packard, in his monograph (2016), has argued for more long-term continuity but seems to confirm the centrality of the 1980s–2000s as a period of change. To the historian, global health appears as both response and adaptation to a new situation dominated by a neoliberal agenda, associated with the rise of the World Bank alongside (and sometimes displacing) the WHO in the area of health, the quantification of health as an

in Global health and the new world order
Abstract only
My exhausted and exhausting building
Mona Abaza

‘corporate ladder’, aspirations of social or economic advancement or sexual liaison (or sexual predation); the democratisation of public space; anxieties of technological collapse: the monotony of corporate life and anxieties of urban anomie. (Graham 2014: 245) Between the Sky and Earth (1959 or 1960),2 with screenplay by the late Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz and directed by Salah Abu Seif, is a testimony that Egyptians, too, were inspired by the foreign, Anglo-Saxon, ‘civilised’ world, and made a pretty successful adaptation of the elevator as the hero or the epicentre

in Cairo collages
The shifting boundaries of politics in Norwegian healthcare
Anette Fagertun

's traditional adaptation to the labour market to reproduce its institutional care regime. For this reason, he states, important challenges in the sector have been labelled as being ‘the problem of women’, while the core of the problems of flexibility, absorption, and de-skilling have been left ‘non-politicised’ (Vike 2018 : 154). I support Vike's argument, but I hold that this structural dependency should be understood as anti-politics rather than non-politics and that we today may add the flexible adaptation to the labour market by immigrants. Importantly, labour is not

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Vanya Kovačič

. Diverse mechanisms of adaptation Thus far we have examined how aspects of participants’ personal, professional, and social lives were influenced by treatment in the RSP. Improvements in the quality of life of the participants, however, were largely dependent on the participants’ own ability to adapt to change. The participants reported a number of different mechanisms they employed in an effort to

in Reconstructing lives