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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

innovation will remain elusive, to the greatest cost of vulnerable people and communities in crisis for which the system exists and proclaims to serve. The Definition Challenge There have been many different definitions of innovation used within the humanitarian response sector, along with attempts to develop a common language. It has been defined as ‘a means of adaptation and improvement through finding and scaling solutions to problems in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

group in a way that resonates emotionally; third, this value-added information should illuminate a way forward; and, finally, there must be a clear moment when the individual can, through actions or choices, recalibrate their behaviour. This recalibration is measured, ‘and the feedback loop can run once more, every action stimulating new behaviours that inch us closer to our goals’ ( Geotz, 2011 ). Resilience, with its emphasis on constant adaptation, sits well with ideas of feedback and design. Social reproduction can be optimised by changing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

, 1816 – 23 . doi: 10.2105/AJPH.87.11.1816 . Levett , R. ( 1979 ), ‘ Development Education in Canada: A Grassroot Movement ’, Development Directions , 2 : 1 , 12 – 13 . Marchand , B. ( 1990 ), African Journey ( Hull, QC : Media-Sphere, Youth Editions ). Illustrations by Lucie Chantal, based on the television series of the same name, French adaptation: Aventure Africaine , https://archive.org/details/africanjourneyno0000marc (accessed 21 January 2021 ). Marshall , D. ( 2019 ), ‘ Concluding Reflections

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

evil. Perpetual peace is a moral force, which reveals most fully why liberalism has always been a sociodicy. And yet, even Kant had to concede that this vision of peace, in the end, belonged in the graveyard. We do not lack ideas about peace in the world; what we lack are ideas concerning resistance to the present. A resistance to the image of a world that continues to annihilate us on a daily basis. Presenting the claim of peace as a terrifying adaptation of Hieronymus Bosch is a meaningful start. Violence is an Assault on the Sacred Meaning of Life The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

://africaeducationaltrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/2014-Speak-Up-Evaluation-2011-2013.pdf APPGSS . ( 2015 ) Bridging the Gaps: Lessons from International Engagement with South Sudan 2011–2014 . http://southsudanhumanitarianproject.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/formidable/APPGSouthSudanReport_Jan2015.pdf Australian Aid . ( 2013 ) South Sudan Early Recovery and Humanitarian NGO Funding Round . https://beta.dfat.gov.au/sites/default/files/south-sudan-early-recovery-humanitarian-funding-round-evaluation.pdf CARE . ( 2017 ) Adaptation Learning Programme for Africa (ALP) . http://www.careevaluations.org/wp-content/uploads/Adaptation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

. , Brown , H. and Borchert , M. ( 2020 ), ‘ What Do Adaptations Tell Us about the Production of Trust? Shifting the “Burden of Change” from People to the Response ’, Humanitarian Exchange, Number 77: Special Feature – Responding to Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo , https://odihpn.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/HE-77-web.pdf (accessed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

per cent of north-east Syria, with a population of approximately 4 million. The remainder of opposition armed groups, supported by Turkey, control around 15 per cent in the north-west with a population of approximately 3.5 million ( Humanitarian Needs Overview, 2019 ). Health services in each territory have been provided using different adaptation mechanisms to the conflict. In the opposition-controlled areas, with the collapse of the health system and the withdrawal by the Damascus Ministry of Health, local medical networks – relying on limited local resources, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

intellectually and described for each zone the constant adaptations made to allow MSF to put in place and maintain its relief operations. Here is a summary of the issues that arose in the different areas of operation. In the north-west, the issue was the need to switch from a direct management to a remote management mode, with Syrian colleagues pursuing MSF’s relief operations in an environment where the kidnapping of journalists and then aid workers had become a common occurrence

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

documentary series How Buildings Learn ( Brand, 1994 ). The problem with architecture, Brand suggested, was it is so often driven by the grand visions of an expert designer, who focus on producing finished blueprints and plans that are not open to adaptation or truly responsive to the needs of inhabitants. A similar line of argument also emerged in the work of John Turner (1972) , who advocated the importance of placing dwellers in control, rejecting the top-down tendency

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

adaptation in the humanitarian field ( Sandvik, 2017 ) and consider humanitarian pasts and futures: earlier humanitarian uses of body tracking devices for care and control, together with how contemporary affordances in emergencies shape ideas about what wearables can be used for, on whom and how. I suggest that what the ‘humanitarian wearable’ tells us about the nature of digital humanitarianism can be the point of departure for articulating a critique of aid in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs