5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd
Political institutions and
Ireland is regarded as one of the most centralised liberal democracies (Lijphart,
1999). Its unitary political system is characterised by a strong central executive
with subordinate local authorities answerable to and financially dependent
on the centre. In 1922 the new state absorbed rather than transformed
strategy for the Brotherhood to move forward – are driving the Brotherhood's fragmentation into two overarching factions, dictated by the preferred strategies against repression. I named these the ‘adaptation’ and ‘stagnation’ camps, for reasons that I am about to unpack. Before I do so, however, a disclaimer is in order. These divisions over strategies are ongoing and arguably represent one of the most significant challenges to the Brotherhood's unity and message in the aftermath of 2013. Because of this, I understand these as broad ‘trends’ encompassing different
Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has
been significantly reoriented and retooled across the board. This process of
change has been captured under two main labels. Internal adaptation
is NATO-speak for looking at how the institution works, and whether it can
be made to work better and more effectively. The process has embraced the
possibility of creating procedures and structures whereby European member
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas
innovation will remain
elusive, to the greatest cost of vulnerable people and communities in crisis for
which the system exists and proclaims to serve.
The Definition Challenge
There have been many different definitions of innovation used within the humanitarian
response sector, along with attempts to develop a common language. It has been
defined as ‘a means of adaptation and improvement through finding and scaling
solutions to problems in the
group in a way that resonates
emotionally; third, this value-added information should illuminate a way forward; and, finally,
there must be a clear moment when the individual can, through actions or choices, recalibrate
their behaviour. This recalibration is measured, ‘and the feedback loop can run once
more, every action stimulating new behaviours that inch us closer to our goals’ ( Geotz, 2011 ). Resilience, with its emphasis on constant
adaptation, sits well with ideas of feedback and design.
Social reproduction can be optimised by changing
1816 – 23 . doi: 10.2105/AJPH.87.11.1816 .
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Development Education in Canada: A Grassroot Movement ’,
Development Directions ,
12 – 13 .
( 1990 ),
African Journey ( Hull, QC :
Media-Sphere, Youth Editions ).
Illustrations by Lucie Chantal, based on the television series of the same name, French adaptation: Aventure Africaine , https://archive.org/details/africanjourneyno0000marc (accessed
( 2019 ), ‘ Concluding Reflections
evil. Perpetual peace is a moral force, which reveals most fully why liberalism has always been a sociodicy. And yet, even Kant had to concede that this vision of peace, in the end, belonged in the graveyard. We do not lack ideas about peace in the world; what we lack are ideas concerning resistance to the present. A resistance to the image of a world that continues to annihilate us on a daily basis. Presenting the claim of peace as a terrifying adaptation of Hieronymus Bosch is a meaningful start.
Violence is an Assault on the Sacred Meaning of Life
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
. ( 2015 )
Bridging the Gaps: Lessons from International Engagement with South Sudan 2011–2014 .
. ( 2013 )
South Sudan Early Recovery and Humanitarian NGO Funding Round .
. ( 2017 )
Adaptation Learning Programme for Africa (ALP) .
Brown , H.
Borchert , M.
( 2020 ), ‘ What Do Adaptations
Tell Us about the Production of Trust? Shifting the “Burden of
Change” from People to the Response ’,
Humanitarian Exchange, Number 77: Special Feature –
Responding to Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo ,
per cent of north-east Syria, with a population of approximately 4 million. The remainder of opposition armed groups, supported by Turkey, control around 15 per cent in the north-west with a population of approximately 3.5 million ( Humanitarian Needs Overview, 2019 ). Health services in each territory have been provided using different adaptation mechanisms to the conflict. In the opposition-controlled areas, with the collapse of the health system and the withdrawal by the Damascus Ministry of Health, local medical networks – relying on limited local resources, the