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Bernadette Connaughton

5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd 1111 21 3 4 51 6 7 8 9 10 1 1112 3 411 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 211 3/9/09 16:45 Page 53 4 Political institutions and administrative adaptation Bernadette Connaughton Introduction Ireland is regarded as one of the most centralised liberal democracies (Lijphart, 1999). Its unitary political system is characterised by a strong central executive with subordinate local authorities answerable to and financially dependent on the centre. In 1922 the new state absorbed rather than transformed the

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
Lucia Ardovini

strategy for the Brotherhood to move forward – are driving the Brotherhood's fragmentation into two overarching factions, dictated by the preferred strategies against repression. I named these the ‘adaptation’ and ‘stagnation’ camps, for reasons that I am about to unpack. Before I do so, however, a disclaimer is in order. These divisions over strategies are ongoing and arguably represent one of the most significant challenges to the Brotherhood's unity and message in the aftermath of 2013. Because of this, I understand these as broad ‘trends’ encompassing different

in Surviving repression
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has been significantly reoriented and retooled across the board. This process of change has been captured under two main labels. Internal adaptation is NATO-speak for looking at how the institution works, and whether it can be made to work better and more effectively. The process has embraced the possibility of creating procedures and structures whereby European member

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

innovation will remain elusive, to the greatest cost of vulnerable people and communities in crisis for which the system exists and proclaims to serve. The Definition Challenge There have been many different definitions of innovation used within the humanitarian response sector, along with attempts to develop a common language. It has been defined as ‘a means of adaptation and improvement through finding and scaling solutions to problems in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

group in a way that resonates emotionally; third, this value-added information should illuminate a way forward; and, finally, there must be a clear moment when the individual can, through actions or choices, recalibrate their behaviour. This recalibration is measured, ‘and the feedback loop can run once more, every action stimulating new behaviours that inch us closer to our goals’ ( Geotz, 2011 ). Resilience, with its emphasis on constant adaptation, sits well with ideas of feedback and design. Social reproduction can be optimised by changing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dominique Marshall

, 1816 – 23 . doi: 10.2105/AJPH.87.11.1816 . Levett , R. ( 1979 ), ‘ Development Education in Canada: A Grassroot Movement ’, Development Directions , 2 : 1 , 12 – 13 . Marchand , B. ( 1990 ), African Journey ( Hull, QC : Media-Sphere, Youth Editions ). Illustrations by Lucie Chantal, based on the television series of the same name, French adaptation: Aventure Africaine , (accessed 21 January 2021 ). Marshall , D. ( 2019 ), ‘ Concluding Reflections

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

evil. Perpetual peace is a moral force, which reveals most fully why liberalism has always been a sociodicy. And yet, even Kant had to concede that this vision of peace, in the end, belonged in the graveyard. We do not lack ideas about peace in the world; what we lack are ideas concerning resistance to the present. A resistance to the image of a world that continues to annihilate us on a daily basis. Presenting the claim of peace as a terrifying adaptation of Hieronymus Bosch is a meaningful start. Violence is an Assault on the Sacred Meaning of Life The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

:// APPGSS . ( 2015 ) Bridging the Gaps: Lessons from International Engagement with South Sudan 2011–2014 . Australian Aid . ( 2013 ) South Sudan Early Recovery and Humanitarian NGO Funding Round . CARE . ( 2017 ) Adaptation Learning Programme for Africa (ALP) .

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

. , Brown , H. and Borchert , M. ( 2020 ), ‘ What Do Adaptations Tell Us about the Production of Trust? Shifting the “Burden of Change” from People to the Response ’, Humanitarian Exchange, Number 77: Special Feature – Responding to Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo , (accessed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

per cent of north-east Syria, with a population of approximately 4 million. The remainder of opposition armed groups, supported by Turkey, control around 15 per cent in the north-west with a population of approximately 3.5 million ( Humanitarian Needs Overview, 2019 ). Health services in each territory have been provided using different adaptation mechanisms to the conflict. In the opposition-controlled areas, with the collapse of the health system and the withdrawal by the Damascus Ministry of Health, local medical networks – relying on limited local resources, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs