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The iconography of Elizabeth I

The visual images of Queen Elizabeth I displayed in contemporary portraits and perpetuated and developed in more recent media, such as film and television, make her one of the most familiar and popular of all British monarchs. This book is a collection of essays that examine the diversity of the queen's extensive iconographical repertoire, focusing on both visual and textual representations of Elizabeth, in portraiture, literature, contemporary sermons, speeches and alchemical treatises. It falls into three sections. The first part looks at the diverse range of religious and quasi-religious images that were employed by and about Elizabeth, such as the Prophetesse Deborah, the suggestive parallel with Joan of Arc, and finally Lady Alchymia, the female deity in alchemical treatises. When Queen Elizabeth I, the first female Protestant monarch, was enthroned in 1558, male poets, artists, theologians, and statesmen struggled to represent this new phenomenon. The second part turns to one of the major enterprises of the Elizabethan era, the attempt to colonise the New World, during which the eastern seaboard of America was renamed Virginia in celebration of the Virgin Queen. The last part focuses on the ways in which the classical world was plundered for modes of imaging and figuring the queen. Finally, the book summarises the enormously wide range of Elizabeth's iconographical repertoire of its appeal, and provides a fitting end to a book which ranges so widely across the allegorical personae of the queen.

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Geoffrey Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and John Lydgate’s Troy Book
Heather Blatt

, and many others, emerge across a variety of genres from courtly romance to history to alchemical treatises testify as well to its systematic use in late-medieval literary culture. As Lydgate, referenced above, depicts an open example of the emendation invitation through inviting all readers to correct the text, Chaucer occupies a middle ground in his offer of an early example of the emendation invitation in Middle English at the end of Troilus and Criseyde following the ‘Go, little book’ address of the Envoy. There, Chaucer famously expresses concern about the

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
Queen Elizabeth I as Lady Alchymia
Jayne Elisabeth Archer

an extensive correspondence. 59 In a letter dated 7 February 1565, Lannoy offered his services to the queen, claiming to be able to transmute base metals into gold (at a rate of 50,000 marks a year), manufacture precious stones, and distil the elixir of eternal youth. To prove his claim Lannoy was granted a room in Somerset House, where he produced a short alchemical treatise in Latin, De

in Goddesses and Queens
Abstract only
Annaliese Connolly and Lisa Hopkins

chapters look at the diverse range of religious and quasi-religious images that were employed by and about Elizabeth, such as Deborah, the Jewish female leader from the Old Testament and one of the many Old Testament figures to whom Elizabeth was compared, the unlikely but suggestive parallel with Joan of Arc, and finally Lady Alchymia, the female deity in alchemical treatises. The Biblical figure of Deborah

in Goddesses and Queens