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The development of Protestantism in Nantes, 1558–72
Elizabeth C. Tingle

Chap 3 19/6/06 9:46 am Page 53 3 Challenges to authority: the development of Protestantism in Nantes, 1558–72 ‘The faith of the people of Brittany has always been so constant and pure that the heresy of the last century, so widespread in all the provinces of the kingdom, was not able to penetrate this one.’1 Antoine Boschet’s seventeenthcentury life of the Jesuit missionary Julien Maunoir echoed the popular belief then current in Brittany that the province was little affected by the Calvinism which emerged in France after 1550. But the reality was different

in Authority and society in Nantes during the French wars of religion, 1559–98
Power, ritual and knowledge
Christopher Prior

enquiries were underway, ritual, grand spectacle and the creation of a false omnipotence were judged crucial to the maintenance of imperial authority in the short term. As far as civilian officials were concerned, the process of collecting information about Africa meant that imperial authority increasingly rested on real power, rather than symbolic power. This underpinned the confidence that meant

in Exporting empire
Policing and politics in a colonial state
John McCracken

Among the various attempts made over the last two decades to provide an explanation for the maintenance and ultimate dissolution of colonial authority in Africa, one stands out above all others. Ronald Robinson’s ‘sketch for a theory of collaboration’ may no longer be accepted as helpful in explaining why Africa was partitioned, but on the larger question of how colonial

in Policing and decolonisation

This book explores the theory and practice of authority during the later sixteenth century, in the religious culture and political institutions of the city of Nantes, where the religious wars traditionally came to an end with the great Edict of 1598. The Wars of Religion witnessed serious challenges to the authority of the last Valois kings of France. In an examination of the municipal and ecclesiastical records of Nantes, the author considers challenges to authority, and its renegotiation and reconstruction in the city, during the civil war period. After a detailed survey of the socio-economic structures of the mid-sixteenth-century city, successive chapters detail the growth of the Protestant church, assess the impact of sectarian conflict and the early counter reform movement on the Catholic Church, and evaluate the changing political relations of the city council with the urban population and with the French crown. Finally, the book focuses on the Catholic League rebellion against the king and the question of why Nantes held out against Henry IV longer than any other French city.

Peter Shapely

Shapely 01 2/8/07 1 01:30 Page 29 Government, local authorities and housing, 1919–87 No history of housing is possible without reference to the policies, finance and legislative framework developed by governments. Although this is a familiar story, it needs revisiting to understand the context in which decisions were made. This legislation underlines two central issues. First, despite increasing central government interference, local government still enjoyed different levels of autonomy. For much of the century, local government interpreted, implemented and

in The politics of housing
Don Leggett

1 Authority, judgement and the sailor-designer [T]rust that prejudice has begun to yield to proof and experience. . . . Do not be ashamed to correct any imperfections which may be demonstrated to your own satisfaction, and go on improving; recollecting always the responsible duties of your high office, which call on you to furnish the means of our national defence; and remember that you build for posterity as well as for the present day, and that your fair fame is at stake. No passing wound to vanity, no triumph of the moment, is to be compared to this; and if

in Shaping the Royal Navy
Katherine Foxhall

sea were repelled, intrigued, and deeply concerned by the habits and habitat of those in the decks below. As surgeons went to work in these threatening spaces, cabin passengers regarded medical men as allies. In Fell’s diary the surgeon cleans out; in Hood’s he expels. In both accounts the surgeon appears as a figure of authority who imposes sanitary order and reassurance. Socially and politically, surgeons often shared cabin passengers’ beliefs, concerns, and their dining table. This relationship was reciprocal: surgeons expected

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Catholicism in Nantes, 1560–89
Elizabeth C. Tingle

Chap 6 19/6/06 9:48 am Page 151 6 The authority of tradition: Catholicism in Nantes, 1560–89 In 1600, with the religious wars over and Brittany once more at peace, a young Bohemian traveller visited Nantes. He admired the fortifications and convents of the city and observed that the Breton towns were ‘more rigorous that any others in their observance of the Catholic faith, such that . . . everyone, even the sick, is forbidden, and indeed refuses, to eat meat on fast days’.1 Yet in the 1550s and 1560s there arose a Protestant movement which attracted up to

in Authority and society in Nantes during the French wars of religion, 1559–98
David J. Appleby

Preaching, audience and authority Chapter 2 Preaching, audience and authority T he ‘matter of the ministry’, as Thomas Horton described it, exercised the minds both of preachers and the Restoration establishment.1 In 1661, Cavalier politicians framing the Treason Act had publicly laid the blame for the late rebellion ‘in very great measure’ upon seditious preaching.2 Perversely, instead of neutering the pulpits, the Act of Uniformity served to emphasise the continuing centrality of preaching in public debate. Most of the individuals the Cavalier

in Black Bartholomew’s Day
Don Leggett

4 The Captain catastrophe and the politics of authority The government of England has been making a large experiment, in which the whole English people take a profound interest, personal as well as national. That experiment has just concluded with a result absolute, decided, and overwhelming. The object of the experiment is therefore obtained: it has settled all the questions it was to decide – one way. The experiment has cost at the least £350,000, and some 500 human lives. That is no doubt an experiment on a sufficiently grand scale to warrant the deep

in Shaping the Royal Navy