Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,817 items for :

  • "authority" x
  • Manchester Political Studies x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

4 Claims to legitimate authority and discursive attacks We don’t believe in the authorities anymore. When you say … ‘there, that’s the new administrator, everyone may clap but with a certain mockery …’ Him also, what is he going to do? (Peasant Union Member (no. 151) 2010) We could wonder about the role of that whispered language within the political system of unanimity. It is, to my mind, a way of softening the overwhelming and restrictive official language in order to make it more bearable; it is an antidote. Irony and humour are the weapons of the powerless

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Elana Wilson Rowe

5 Non-​state actors and the quest for authority in Arctic governance The modern state, as discussed in Chapter 1, can be considered a relative newcomer to the cross-​border politics of the Arctic region. However, states have featured prominently in the preceding two chapters. We have come to see how advantageous positions earned by/​granted to states vis-​à-​vis other states matter for shaping the rules of the road in Arctic cooperative governance –​and ultimately shape outcomes. In this chapter, I seek to broaden the net to explore the positions of key non

in Arctic governance
Joanne Yao

accompanying technological innovations in transportation and communication, allowed the state to concentrate and centralize its workings. This centralization created what Andreas Osiander called ‘integrated economic circuits’ ( 2001 : 281) and what Barry Buzan and George Lawson describe as administrative functions that were ‘accumulated and “caged” within national territories’ ( 2015 : 6). In this process, Jordan Branch stresses cartography as a key technology that helped reshape legitimate authority from non-territorial and overlapping forms prior to the nineteenth century

in The ideal river
Abstract only
Transnational activism and state power in China
Author: Stephen Noakes

The tale of transnational advocacy networks (TANs) is typically one of non-state actors reshaping world politics through the power of persuasion and principled ideas. This book is about the unromantic and often uncomfortable realities of transnational advocacy in a strong authoritarian state and rising world power. Drawing together case studies that span a range of issues, repertoires, and results of advocacy, it elaborates the constitutive role of the state in contemporary transnational activism. Because transnational networks are significant globally and domestically, the book speaks to students of comparative and international politics, bridging what is treated here as a superficial divide between the sub-fields. It discusses the campaigns around justice for Falun Gong and the strengthening of intellectual property rights in China. The book then traces the campaign around HIV/AIDS treatment, and the effort to abolish capital punishment in China. In the campaign for Tibetan independence, Chinese intransigence on the matter of national sovereignty for Tibet produced a split within the TAN. The book argues that that TANs can be effective when a legitimacy-seeking state deems the adoption of new policy positions in a given issue area to be critical for the preservation of its own moral authority and power monopoly. The key to working more effectively in China, therefore, is to recognize the source of Chinese Communist Party legitimacy and the connectedness of an issue to it. Those wishing to approach China recognize and take seriously the Chinese power to shape global issues and campaigns in support of them.

Violence, coercion and authority
Mark Haugaard

The first dimension of power is attributed to Dahl. We will expand upon it to include accounts of positive-sum power, authority, coercion and (in Chapter 3 ) contrast 1-D with deeper forms of 2-D conflict. This chapter builds upon the work of Allen ( 1999 ), Austin ( 1975 ), Barnes ( 1988 ), Clegg ( 1989 ), Parsons ( 1963 ) and Searle ( 1996 ). Routine power as agency In Dahl’s model an exercise of power takes place when an agent makes a difference in the world by making something happen that would not otherwise have happened if it were not for that agent

in The four dimensions of power
Joanne Yao

eastern periphery, but at the same time the river is a fluid conduit that could easily flow backward and bring political instability upriver. In the mid-1850s, the Crimean War illustrated Talleyrand's worries by demonstrating how untamed and uncivilized geographies at the mouth of the Danube can throw the entire continent into conflict. This chapter details the establishment of peace in the wake of that conflict and the creation of a European commission to ensure a civilized and rational authority controlled the mouth of the Danube and the gateway to Europe

in The ideal river
Constructing the Danube
Joanne Yao

dangers as a standard of legitimate rule for Ancient Rome as much as for nineteenth-century empires that competed for imperial control over the river. The Danube as a civilizing conduit between Europe and the near periphery relied on liberal understandings of the link between free trade, peace, and civilizational progress. Hence, a ruler's inability or unwillingness to control the river as an efficient highway for trade detracted from their legitimacy as a civilized and modern political authority. The second section details the specific case of the Danube delta and how

in The ideal river
Abstract only
Code of silence, political scandal and strategies of denial
Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet

is by nature engaño , deceptive. The concept of deception infuses Spanish classic literature – Don Quixote being the most well-known example. With the GAL, Spanish authorities were deeply concerned by the possibility of being caught red-handed. If Madrid's putative involvement in the GAL was confirmed, the democratic credentials of the Spanish government and the Socialist Party would be seriously tarnished. The overall rule, therefore, was to operate under a strict policy of silence and official denial. From its inception and first actions in 1983 lasting up to

in Counter-terror by proxy
Abstract only
How control of nature shaped the international order
Author: Joanne Yao

Environmental politics has traditionally been a peripheral concern for IR theory, but increasing alarm over global environmental challenges has elevated international society’s relationship with the natural world into the theoretical limelight. IR theory’s engagement with environmental politics, however, has largely focused on interstate cooperation in the late twentieth century, with few works exploring the longstanding historical links between the management of natural resources and the foundations of the modern international order. This book examines nineteenth-century efforts to establish international commissions on three transboundary rivers – the Rhine, the Danube, and the Congo. It charts how the ambition to tame nature (both the natural world and human nature) became an international standard of rational and civilized authority and informed our geographical imagination of the international. This notion of domination over nature was central to the emergence of the early international order in the way it shaped three core IR concepts: the territorial sovereign state, imperial hierarchies, and international organizations. The book contributes to environmental politics and IR by highlighting how the relationship between society and nature, rather than being a peripheral concern, has always lain at the heart of international politics.

Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

, deterrence presupposes knowledge of deterrent measures by those the authorities seek to deter. Yet a common refrain among the people we spoke with was that they were largely unaware of key policy instruments such as detention and deportation. To improve ‘knowledge’ and increase awareness of these measures among people on the move as part of a deterrent approach would be to miss the point, however. We see a glimpse of the limitations of this logic in the extract above from the man from Ethiopia interviewed in Malta, who explains that, despite warning others of the

in Reclaiming migration