Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 520 items for :

  • "authority" x
  • Manchester Security, Conflict & Peace x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Stephen Benedict Dyson

With the Iraqi Interim Authority concept abandoned, Bush and Rumsfeld allowed the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) to become an instrument of occupation. The CPA was characterized by confusion over objectives and organization of a kind that Rumsfeld usually found intolerable. It had an ambiguous mandate, an odd relationship with the military, and multiple lines of reporting back

in Leaders in conflict
Daniel Loick

96 3 Law without violence Daniel Loick “Law is itself violence” (p. 3) –​this claim is not only an “observation” about forms of law existing hitherto, but a thesis about the very concept of law as such. According to Christoph Menke, there never was and never can be any law without violence. The reason for this dependency of law on violence lies in its need to be enforced; Menke follows Kant’s definition according to which law consists in a reciprocal authority to use coercion. The aim of my essay is to question this basic assumption. While it is certainly true

in Law and violence
Lindsey Dodd

classmates were moved to other premises ten kilometres away and alternated mornings and afternoons with local children there, halving Christian’s schooling. In Brest, most schools did not reopen in autumn 1941.2 At this point, the German authorities there refused to authorise the civilian evacuation of the town, so the mayor used school closure to encourage parents to send their children to safer locations. But such was parents’ reluctance to part with their children that schools were forced to reopen. However, they were closed for good from February 1943, this time on

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Lindsey Dodd

. Allied bombing policy, too, evolved as the war progressed, bringing changes to targets, technology and tactics. As policy developed, so did the way in which the French State and local authorities met the challenge. Further down the scale, families and individuals also adapted their behaviour under the bombs. Evolution of the threat To understand the evolution of the response, we must understand the evolution of the threat. The Allies bombed France during different campaigns that targeted objectives in different regions; as new campaigns began, new towns came into

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

population was informed that blacking out windows and shatterproofing them would protect their communities and their homes. If civilians could ‘prevent the planes from spotting their target’, the bombers might not bomb; ‘lights attract bombs’, they were told, ‘just as trees attract lightening’.15 Windows linked safe domestic interiors to the dangerous world of public war, and needed attention during the pre-war period and then after war had broken out. Following a blackout exercise in 1935, the population of Brest came under criticism from the naval authorities for its

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Reflections on Menke’s ‘Law and violence’
Alessandro Ferrara

 law Law, argues Menke in the first section of his essay, is inextricably bound up with a paradoxical relation to violence: aimed at curbing violent action taking place in the legal area that it regulates, law performs its function through directives backed up by a violence which is always lurking in the background and is sometimes manifestly applied. Within this classical topos –​already found in Benjamin’s essay “Critique of Violence” and in Derrida’s revisitation of it in his Cardozo Law School lecture “Force of Law: ‘The Mystical Foundation of Authority’ ”1 –​ Menke

in Law and violence
Abstract only
Christoph Menke

a new form of justice that is associated with the authority of a judge passing impartial judgment. The suit of the individual, the antagonism and the dialogue between the parties, the responsibility that comes with action, the significance and consequences of the decision, the questions and mysteries of interpretation  –​ these are structural elements of both tragedy and law. The basic elements of tragedy correspond to the basic elements of the new theory and praxis of justice that emerge concurrently: justice as law. But the connection between tragedy and law

in Law and violence
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

dead in the streets; similarly, after the 4 April raid, the police wrote of human remains ‘collected in the streets’.13 Official reports commented on the ‘dreadfully mutilated’ bodies of the dead. Unidentified body parts were v 125 v Experiencing bombing meticulously recorded: ‘Woman’s head about 40 years old grey hair black eyebrows blue eyes 110, rue de Silly in Boulogne.’14 Death was violent, public and on such a scale that local authorities struggled to house the bodies. Makeshift morgues were set up across Lomme in April 1944 at the fire station, a brewery, two

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

. Instead of conceptualising trauma as ‘unrepresentable’, it seems more fruitful to understand the ways humans can share experience. Finally, the moral dimension of trauma’s social presence can also make it less desirable to ‘own’. Traumatised people are equated with ‘victims’ who are awarded high moral authority.49 This idea has arisen, perhaps, because of the concentration of trauma research by scholars into Holocaust and abuse narratives, and extends beyond the academy.50 Sometimes the two overlap, but, for example, perpetrators may also be traumatised by their own

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Andreas Fischer- Lescano

sacredness of the person. Demystification lies in the reflection on the tension between law and non-​law and the paradoxical challenge the law faces of having to acknowledge its being non-​law. But Menke’s analysis of this passage also throws the fact into sharp relief that, in tying law back to state authorities, he does not rigorously conceive law as a trans-​subjective communicative process that is more than the sum of communicative acts performed by legal decision-​makers. The example of the 2009 Kunduz airstrike illustrates the consequences of this decisionistic

in Law and violence