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Children as ‘architects of their futures’
Kevin Ryan

8 Casting the subject of enterprise: children as ‘architects of their futures’ As with the previous chapter, I am going to begin this chapter by jumping straight into the thick of things, that is, a pedagogical programme called BizWorld. My own (indirect) encounter with BizWorld was occasioned as a resident and parent in a rural community in the West of Ireland during the 2015/16 school year. Sixth Class children (typically 12–13 years old) attending a local primary school were given an information sheet to take home to parents/guardians (myself among them

in Refiguring childhood
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

first time in modern history, the major global power – I am of course referring to the US – doesn’t have a project for the world. It is evident that the US has always defended its own interests, but it always imagined or at least presented its interests – I’m not casting a value judgement here – as linked to a project for the world. Following the Second World War, it was the Americans who assumed primary responsibility for the creation of the international system, starting with Roosevelt. Some international institutions were accessible to all

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

the communities within which they reside ( Turchik et al. , 2016 : 143). This would require shifting away from the language that exclusively focuses on casting men as perpetrators and women as victims of violence ( Turchik et al. , 2016 : 137). For example, one of the mechanisms for receiving clients within humanitarian settings includes having the literature about CRSV on display. The language used in these areas for receiving victims

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

. Solidarity provides a sound moral framework to bridge reason and emotion. It also addresses the flaws of témoignage, which has fostered a humanitarian-centric vision of change and a de-politicised humanity, foregrounding the physical needs of human beings, and casting social, economic, emotional and spiritual needs as matters outside the humanitarian realm. The humanitarian enterprise is still widely seen as a patronising undertaking, mirroring deep

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The nature of the development-security industry
Jenny H. Peterson

industry (Winer, 2005), similarly evokes images of casting moral judgements by dividing those who meet the required western standards of operation from those who do not. As such, western actors are exalted over those who stray too far from the idealised liberal form. As shown, liberalism is a political project that relies on a number of strategies which are in and of themselves damaging to the goals of peace and security programming and in turn, political-economic transformation. Through depoliticisation, the task of rebuilding war-affected states is portrayed as a

in Building a peace economy?
DSI approaches and behaviours
Jenny H. Peterson

casting judgements are perhaps not well placed to make such claims given their own contributions to these economies. Furthermore, it is unfair and unrealistic to expect domestic institutions and less powerful international operational actors to be responsible for the transformation of political-economic structures that have in part been created and sustained by powerful foreign actors. This is especially relevant when the ability to transform war economies becomes a condition for sovereignty or acceptance into international institutions and communities. In this sense

in Building a peace economy?
The role of news and online blogs in constructing political personas
Julia Gallagher and V. Y. Mudimbe

, yet they were primarily aimed at Ivoirian (local and diaspora) audiences. The internet became a site where counter-narratives to mainstream Western news and alternative images of the crisis and its protagonists were created and circulated, and the internet has also provided a platform in which opposing readings of the Ivoirian post-electoral crisis could emerge. In the websites and blogs linked to the LMP, international pressure was transformed into a political opportunity. By casting Laurent Gbagbo as the victim of French neo

in Images of Africa
Open Access (free)
‘Numbers games’ and ‘holocausts’ at Jasenovac and Bleiburg
David Bruce MacDonald

either ‘Serbophobia’ or ‘Greater Serbia’. This chapter reviews two of the most important persecution myths emerging from the Second World War. Revising the history of the Ustaša-run death-camp at Jasenovac was a useful means of casting Serbs as the victims of a ‘Holocaust’ by Croats. On the Croatian side, the massacre at Bleiburg (Austria) by Communist forces (or Serb-led Communists, as the case might be) in 1945 was also likened to the Holocaust. In both cases, the other side was accused of committing genocide, using either the mask of Nazi or Communist domination to

in Balkan holocausts?
Brexit and constitutional politics in Great Britain and Ireland
Jonathan Evershed

This chapter analyses the specific constitutional issues that arise for Ireland and the UK after Brexit. It argues that Brexit created a crisis for the UK’s improvised constitution, to the extent even of casting doubt on the continuing integrity of the UK, with renewed calls for independence in Scotland and for Irish unity. This in turn created a significant constitutional challenge for Ireland. While Ireland did not create the crisis, it was faced with its consequences.

in Ireland and the European Union
Encounters with biosocial power
Author: Kevin Ryan

Refiguring childhood stages a series of encounters with biosocial power, which is a specific zone of intensity within the more encompassing arena of biopower and biopolitics. Assembled at the intersection of thought and practice, biosocial power attempts to bring envisioned futures into the present, taking hold of life in the form of childhood, thereby bridging being and becoming while also shaping the power relations that encapsulate the social and cultural world(s) of adults and children. Taking up a critical perspective which is attentive to the contingency of childhoods – the ways in which particular childhoods are constituted and configured – the method used in the book is a transversal genealogy that moves between past and present while also crossing a series of discourses and practices framed by children’s rights (the right to play), citizenship, health, disadvantage and entrepreneurship education. The overarching analysis converges on contemporary neoliberal enterprise culture, which is approached as a conjuncture that helps to explain, and also to trouble, the growing emphasis on the agency and rights of children. It is against the backdrop of this problematic that the book makes its case for refiguring childhood. Focusing on the how, where and when of biosocial power, Refiguring childhood will appeal to researchers and students interested in examining the relationship between power and childhood through the lens of social and political theory, sociology, cultural studies, history and geography.