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Avner Offer

/11 was to veer away from commercial values and into the warrior role of violence and unbridled dominance. The definition of the enemy as intangible (‘terror’) and the choice of disinhibited means (‘war’) licensed the rejection of civility and a civilian response. There were no uniforms or licensed combatants to respect. That armed civilians sheltering in the population resisted the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan weakened further the self-imposed restraints of bourgeois warfare. Casting the enemy as a demon was a licence to demonize the self. It was a rejection of

in ‘War on terror’
Jack Holland

racism that remains so pervasive across society. It is just that, here, we are observing its impacts on those at the very top – those who might feasibly aspire to become leader of the free world. Here, I argue that television shows can open up as well as close down the space for alternative imaginings of our political universe; television can be and often is a force for good in the world, even in its subtler subplots and implicit casting decisions. Therefore, in contrast to the previous chapter, this one considers the positive, progressive, and enabling role that

in Fictional television and American Politics
Abstract only
Bill Jones

1918 constitution as the policy-making ‘parliament’ of the party. Unions were allowed to use the whole of their membership when casting their votes – the ‘block vote’ – and so dominated the big decisions. Reputations were made by Labour politicians through fiery conference speeches and the conference was always more powerful than the Conservatives’ equivalent, which was more a rally of supporters. National Executive Committee (NEC) This is voted in at every conference by the membership. As trade unions dominate the membership, the NEC has tended to reflect their

in British politics today
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Philip Norton

different political composition and kept challenging the Commons, it would undermine the accountability at the heart of the political system. If it were partly elected, it would be unstable, Labour MP David Clelland arguing in 2007 that it would ‘lead to a conflict with some Members claiming legitimacy and others not’ ( House of Commons Debates , 7 March 2007, col. 1553). There is the additional problem that in the United Kingdom – a unitary state – it is not clear on what basis electors would be casting their ballots for members of the second chamber. In a federal

in Reform of the House of Lords
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Andrew Dix

the same way that we conventionally ascribe authorship of novels, plays and poems? If Shakespeare is usually nominated as the author of Macbeth and Dickens as the author of Bleak House , who, or what, is the author of Fast & Furious 7 (2015)? Some of the complexities of this chapter’s subject can be advertised by brief reference to Contempt (1963), directed by Jean-Luc Godard. With its sunny Mediterranean locations and its casting of Brigitte Bardot at the height of her pin-up celebrity, this film is among Godard’s most crowd-pleasing; nevertheless

in Beginning film studies (second edition)
Ben Cohen and Eve Garrard

better democratic institutions over any length of time. I do not say that this means it could never happen. I do not believe that. What I do think, though, is that the democratic institutions we are familiar with have yet to be improved on in any of those places that some leftists are given to casting an indulgent eye upon even while they seek to distance themselves critically from the political institutions of their own countries, institutions from which they benefit and which are superior. Unwilling to profess a clear allegiance towards what is democratically better

in The Norman Geras Reader
Kathryn Reeves

Mother Earth, the great womb. By the early 17th century the word was used in printing to describe moulds for casting type. 10 In the 1850s, three mathematicians appropriated the word to describe a rectangular numeric array and hypercomplex numbers. Since then, every scientific discipline has found a use for the word. While abbreviated dictionaries of the early 19th century often listed womb

in Perspectives on contemporary printmaking
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Andrew Dix

March 1981. More generally, star studies should aim to restore the unruly erotic dimension of our engagement with stars that is often sublimated by Stacey’s respondents. Chapter 6 touched on fan fiction with respect to its reconfiguring or extending of films’ existing narratives; however, a subdivision of this unofficial textual production is devoted to casting Hollywood stars in alternative, even transgressive erotic scenarios. McDonald also draws attention to the emergence of salacious websites displaying either photographs grabbed of stars in states of off

in Beginning film studies (second edition)
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Anthony King

such a crude misreading of hermeneutics, casting it as mere subjectivism. It is true that, if conceived as referring to individual interpretation, hermeneutics can no longer provide an adequate account of social reality since it is clear that social reality is not reducible to an individual’s understanding of it. That reality is unchanged, however a particular individual might interpret it. Thus, the capitalist economy or state bureaucracy will persist even if any particular individual is unaware of its workings. Consequently, confusing hermeneutics for idealism

in Human agents and social structures
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Bill Jones

clause was for decades emblazoned on party membership cards. Initially, no one was really sure what this meant in practice, merely that private ownership of the economy was bad and should be ended. The notion of ‘nationalisation’ soon took hold thereafter but lacked a practical form until Herbert Morrison, as Minister of Transport in 1930, set up London Transport, run by a public corporation under the loose control of a minister and accountable ultimately to Parliament. For a Labour Party casting around for workable policies, this was a perfect, cautiously moderate

in British politics today