Dolto, psychoanalysis and Catholicism from Occupation to Liberation
Nacht in exchange for his acquiescence in the SFP’s admission.
If this was Nacht’s revenge for Dolto’s words and actions in
1953, it hit home: Dolto’s exclusion from the international movement left her deeply
disconcerted for a time. In the longer run, however, it did her no harm. Lacan cleverly
redefined the exclusion as an ‘excommunication’, thus implicitly recognising
the religious dimension of the split while casting himself as a latter-day Spinoza. 157 The episode fed the narrative of Lacan
and Dolto as radical
This book is a critical examination of the relationships between war, medicine, and the pressures of modernization in the waning stages of the German Empire. Through her examination of wartime medical and scientific innovations, government and military archives, museum and health exhibitions, philanthropic works, consumer culture and popular media, historian Heather Perry reveals how the pressures of modern industrial warfare did more than simply transform medical care for injured soldiers—they fundamentally re-shaped how Germans perceived the disabled body. As the Empire faced an ever more desperate labour shortage, military and government leaders increasingly turned to medical authorities for assistance in the re-organization of German society for total war. Thus, more than a simple history of military medicine or veteran care, Recycling the Disabled tells the story of the medicalization of modern warfare in Imperial Germany and the lasting consequences of this shift in German society.
Reinventing medieval leprosy for the modern world, 1850–1950
Kathleen Vongsathorn and Magnus Vollset
and contemporary, to aggrandise the medieval religious and philanthropic tradition of healing the leprosy sufferer.
Philanthropic perspectives on medieval leprosy
Leprosy has long been a disease of contradictions, and while modern Europeans were casting medieval Europeans in a negative light to suit their own medical, social and political agendas, they were also looking to their medieval ancestors for positive inspiration to philanthropy. Many of the same authors who wrote about the isolation, stigmatisation and cruel treatment of leprosy sufferers in medieval
included the rejection of sympathy as a medical doctrine, the waning influence of texts like Hudibras , and the much wider shifts in professional medical practice at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Histories of plastic surgery, including those in surgical texts, began to depict Tagliacozzi as an epoch-defying medical pioneer. The subsequent casting of his practice as ‘silenced’ by early modern prejudices has shaped histories of plastic surgery to the present day.
To prepare for the return of skin-flap rhinoplasty, we will finish with
Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.
Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.
book has grown, in part, out of a desire to exploit the potential of an excellent collection of civil trials in lunacy in the state of New Jersey. As the colonial connections between North American and English civil law in the response to madness came increasingly into focus, what was originally conceived of as a regional case study grew into one that was transatlantic. This transatlantic turn evolved out of an interest in tracing the origins of New Jersey's lunacy investigation law. Historiographically, the transatlantic casting of this book has also been guided by
‘spheres’ during war. Roger
Cooter questioned the very foundations upon which these supposedly causal
relationships rested by casting significant doubt on the widely accepted historical dictum that war was ‘good’ for medicine. He challenged the notion that
war has acted as a handmaiden to medical progress by pointing out several
instances wherein the upheaval of war had impeded or slowed down medical
discovery, not advanced it.36 Medical historians began to question what
Cooter termed the perceived ‘goodness of war for medicine’.37 Mark Harrison
further complicated these
Lichtenberg’s excretory vision of Hogarth’s A Harlot’s
-enemiser – ‘in the form
of an air-pump.’54 In addition to Menander’s lost comedy Heauton
timorumenos (‘The Self-Tormentor’) and Terence’s Latin play of
the same name, Lichtenberg is alluding here to Pliny the Elder’s
Naturalis historia (‘Natural History’), which describes the Ibis’s
mastery of medicine in its ability to use ‘the curve of its beak to
purge itself through the part by which it is most conducive to health
for the heavy residue of foodstuffs to be excreted.’55 Lichtenberg
is thus casting the enema as the idol of the hypochondriac and
perhaps, too, of his epoch, the
Gunshot wounds and their treatment in the British Civil Wars
Stephen M. Rutherford
thirds or more of infantry units, the most common injury they were likely to encounter would
be from gunshot. The projectile shot from a musket was a spherical ball,
referred to interchangeably as a ball or bullet (see Figure 3.1).36 It was typically
15–20mm diameter, weighed around 38–45g and cast in lead. The lead used
in seventeenth-century musket balls was softer than modern lead, which is
alloyed with a small amount of antimony. The irregular shape of the ball
(from casting), its poor fit inside the barrel, and its propulsion by low-quality