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Dolto and the psychoanalytic approach to autism in France
Richard Bates

symptom that’s been imparted to it, chiefly by the maternal unconscious. 131 As these extracts indicate, some of Robert’s questions seemed designed to elicit sweeping dogmatic statements from the analysts in order to subject them to ridicule. The film was a polemic as much as a documentary, and did not, for example, explore internal debates within French psychoanalysis as to the nature of autism. Controversy erupted when, before the film had been screened in cinemas or on television, three of the

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
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Psychoanalysis in the public sphere, 1968–88
Richard Bates

believed in the power of images to cause negative effects on children’s developing psyches: in a 1952 talk for the École des Parents, she had argued that watching films (any films) caused nightmares, and that children under nine shouldn’t be allowed to go to the cinema. 59 But Dolto’s insinuations that the book was designed to attack society’s descendants by sowing gender confusion among children show that the main factor was surely her concern to eliminate any cultural influences that might (according to her assumptions about

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

Representations, address and assumptions about influence
Elisabet Björklund

qualities as a visual medium. Furthermore, commercial cinema has the benefit of being able to communicate with large audiences, some of which might not have been reached by other forms of sex education. However, these advantages also raised concerns among many. 3 From its inception, film in general – and commercial cinema in particular – has had a low status as a medium for the masses. And despite being increasingly

in Communicating the history of medicine
Tinne Claes and Katrin Pilz

they were often neither knowledgeable of filmmaking techniques, nor experienced public health promoters. 75 Between the clinic and the public cinema The invention and vast improvement of imaging techniques, such as photography and cinematography, as well as of medical imaging techniques, such as X-ray and microscopic photography, led on to new

in Medical histories of Belgium
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Domestic troubles in post-war Britain
Jill Kirby

and Sunday Morning , A Kind of Loving and The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner. 7 Their films portrayed versions of domestic life, class and housing that displayed a discontent and dissatisfaction that was apparently recognised and accepted by those audiences as representative of everyday life. With the majority of cinema-going audiences comprising young, working-class males in this period, such films offer insight into the male experience of domestic stress that is often missing from formal research into the domestic and illustrate emerging changes in

in Feeling the strain
Martin Atherton

visit to Ghent Deaf Club in Belgium five years later, as part of an Easter trip to take part in a football tournament; this combination of sporting and social events was a regular part of the activities of deaf clubs, with Manchester Deaf Football Club’s trip to Germany in 1985 being another such multi-purpose trip.14 Deaf club outings could also have a broader cultural or educational purpose, with trips to the theatre and cinema, or to museums and gardens becoming increasingly common from the 1960s onwards. Southport Deaf Club members visited the stately home at

in Deafness, community and culture in Britain
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A news perspective
Ida Milne

the 1830s. The cemeteries’ staff had done 232 burials in separate graves, and eighty-​two in the area reserved for burying paupers. Mount Jerome had buried fifty-​five for the week ended 29 October, against eleven in the corresponding week in 1917. Of these deaths, thirty-​four were certified to pneumonia or influenza. Even though cinema houses and places of entertainment were being disinfected, there had been a marked drop in attendances. Business people in the city complained of a trade paralysis. One leading grocer remarked that the great bulk of his customers

in Stacking the coffins
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Juliana Adelman

city should be. When the market closed in 1971 the public abattoir swiftly followed and both sites were redeveloped as large tracts of public housing. The old cattle market in Smithfield Square has not been so successfully erased. In 1997, architects vied for the contract to transform the square. Perhaps they were sympathetic to the square’s legacy or perhaps they could not see beyond its existing form, but the redevelopment left a large cobbled rectangle while changing the buildings that surround it. Apartments, offices, shops, restaurants, a hotel and a cinema

in Civilised by beasts
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Jill Kirby

twentieth century, there was a belief that modern life itself was becoming increasingly challenging to the psyche. Every decade of the century provides examples of concerns that technological, economic and social changes were increasing the pressure on people's everyday lives. While in the first half of the century in Britain technological developments such as telephony, radio, motor vehicles and cinema were blamed, later concerns focused on consumer culture, the digital industrial revolution and the conversion to an economy based on service industries rather than

in Feeling the strain