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Dolto in the twenty-first century
Richard Bates

While certain aspects of Dolto’s legacy, such as the MV/LAEPs, have had long-term impacts on French society, ‘Doltomania’ was primarily a phenomenon of the last quarter of the twentieth century. Since 2000, her ideas have increasingly come to seem out of touch with modern life – while nonetheless remaining thoroughly French. A vignette from the film 2 Days in New York (2012), Julie Delpy’s sequel to her 2007 bilingual comedy 2 Days in Paris , gives a sense of her shifting reputation. The comedy in these

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Medicine and the world of letters
Michael Brown

-like consciousness but were gentlemen of liberal tastes and learning, able to participate in polite and cosmopolitan discourse. This chapter takes the form of three case studies of local practitioners whose interests and publications spanned the spectrum of polite learning from what might be called ‘natural’ forms of knowledge, including botany and agricultural improvement, though antiquarianism and chorography to the more ‘social’ forms of comedic literature. It begins with Alexander Hunter, whose botanical and agricultural publications shaped his identity as a patriotic Whig of

in Performing medicine
Author: Alannah Tomkins

Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.

Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

The clinical challenges of nursing typhoid patients during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902)
Charlotte Dale

, which is now used to describe the transfer of blood products. Edward H. Benton, ‘British surgery in the South African War: The work of Major Frederick Porter’, Medical History 21, 3 (1977), 275–90, 287–88. 46 Helmstadter and Godden, Nursing before Nightingale, 118. 47 Anonymous, ‘War notes’, 91. 48 Hancock, Correspondence (18 May 1900) AMS; Sister X, The Tragedy and Comedy of War Hospitals (New York, E. P. Dutton, 1906), 96; Laurence, A Nurse’s Life 162; Woodward and Mitchell, A Nurse at War, 90. 49 Inder, On Active Service, 92–3. 50 Inder, On Active Service, 92

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
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Entrails and digestion in the eighteenth century
Rebecca Anne Barr, Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon, and Sophie Vasset

eighteenth century by examining underlying structures of the body, which were both an object of fascination and a source of confusion, as well as an evolving paradigm through which contemporaries understood the underworlds of their own culture and society. This volume contributes to our sense of the ways in which the polite and impolite were woven together, by focusing on the figuration and understanding of the guts, entrails and digestion in medicine, material history, urban history, literature, art, comedy and science from England, France and Germany. Extending the

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
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Changing noses, changing fortunes
Emily Cock

disfigurement as a motif of virtuous female humility. 15 It is perhaps a mark of the novel's weakness that this strategy failed so spectacularly to rescue Amelia's damaged nose from comedy and suspicion, which could have prompted Fielding to renege on any initial plans to leave her ‘noseless’. Fielding staged a mock trial of Amelia in The Covent-Garden Journal , describing the outcry at ‘a Beauty WITHOUT A NOSE, I say again, WITHOUT A NOSE’. 16 The frequency with which Amelia is regarded as beautiful and subjected to attempts at seduction is perhaps the most

in Rhinoplasty and the nose in early modern British medicine and culture
The chemical revolution and the patronage of James Butler, Duke of Ormond (1610– 88)
Peter Elmer

, and honour me with their Company at my Laboratory during the time of the Operations’. 31 Belon’s cosmopolitan outlook, a product of his French roots and subsequent travels, is also evident in his other career as an author and translator of novels, plays and miscellaneous publications emanating from various parts of continental Europe. Indeed, his appointment at court may well have owed as much to his talents in this field as it did to his interest in chymistry. In 1675, for example, Belon’s comedy The Mock Duellist

in Early Modern Ireland and the world of medicine
Ludmilla Jordanova

traces. So performances in past times might seem to provide little guidance when it comes to medicine, but I am struck that an opera written nearly 200 years ago explores the theme of audiences for medicine, and hence could be used now to stimulate reflection on the history of medicine. Donizetti's comedy, L’elisir d’amore , premiered in 1832, provides a vivid sense of quackery as performance and of audience reactions to and participation in

in Communicating the history of medicine
Mark Jackson

's identification of 35 as the age at which the future began to be eclipsed by the weight of the past and overshadowed by the spectre of death relied on a strict scriptural calibration of life expectancy. His normalising narrative of creativity and despair was informed by the opening stanzas of Dante's Divine Comedy , in which the narrator revisits an encounter with death that occurred precisely halfway along the biblical life span of three score years and ten. 23 The ‘beautiful lines’ at the start of Inferno , wrote Jaques

in Balancing the self