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Social welfare for the twenty-first century

Social democracy has made a political comeback in recent years, especially under the influence of the ‘Third Way’. Not everyone is convinced, however, that ‘Third Way’ social democracy is the best means of reviving the Left's project. This book considers this dissent and offers an alternative approach. Bringing together a range of social and political theories, it engages with some contemporary debates regarding the present direction and future of the Left. Drawing upon egalitarian, feminist and environmental ideas, the book proposes that the social democratic tradition can be renewed but only if the dominance of conservative ideas is challenged more effectively. It explores a number of issues with this aim in mind, including justice, the state, democracy, new technologies, future generations and the advances in genetics.

Neville Kirk

early to mid 1970s as ‘more a consequence than a cause of the problems of profitability’. 1 In response to the economic crisis, right-wing neo-liberal and neo-conservative ideas took strong and increasingly hegemonic international root. According to neo-liberals, the only effective solution to the crisis and the means of renewed capitalist advance lay not in the adoption of discredited regulatory Keynesianism, and even less in Soviet-style and social-democratic measures of ‘command’, but in the ‘liberation’ of

in Labour and the politics of Empire
Katharine Dommett

controversy reinforces rather than undermines his ethos by demonstrating his commitment to conservative ideas. In assessing Johnson’s performances at the party conference it therefore appears that his personal and emotional appeals and his willingness to talk to – and address the concerns of – the immediate audience are integral to his success. Whilst other politicians use this forum to project a public image, addressing the party as a secondary audience, Johnson cultivates an image as an authentic advocate of conservative views. This approach has helped to garner Johnson

in Conservative orators from Baldwin to Cameron
Ashley Lavelle

introduction to part ii The renegade’s origins have frequently been located in structural changes – in particular the defeat of movements for social change and lulls in the class struggle – rather than flawed theoretical systems, material temptations, or personality quirks. There is considerable evidence that renegades tend to flourish in a political climate of reaction and decline as scores are settled, more conservative ideas permeate life, and heavy state repression is meted out to radicals who dared to probe the outer limits of political possibilities

in The politics of betrayal
Abstract only
Mark Garnett
and
Kevin Hickson

which are voluntarily entered into but are inescapable parts of our life history as members of a community’.24 Willetts further defines the Conservative idea of community by echoing Oakeshott’s distinction between a ‘civic society’ and an ‘enterprise association’.25 The latter is one in which the government has clear ideological objectives and seeks to impose uniform patterns of behaviour on society in order to meet its objectives. The former is one in which the roles of the state are to defend its citizens from attack both internally and externally while at the same

in Conservative thinkers
Thomas Prosser

some conservative voters do not genuinely believe in such ideas, supporting conservative parties for financial reasons and favouring measures like the triple lock when economic libertarianism threatens their interests, other conservatives are different. The behaviour of conservative activists, a group distinct from voters, is revealing. 8 Rather than engaging in politics for economic reasons, activists genuinely believe in conservative ideas of self-reliance; the moral principles of Thatcherism are a continued inspiration. The equation of conservatism with

in What’s in it for me?
Abstract only
The politics of Conservative renewal
Gillian Peele
and
John Francis

‘OneNation’ tradition of conservatism (Seawright, 2010; Carr, 2014). Sometimes the Introduction3 reworking of Conservative ideas was the result of new thinking about the economy and welfare and was driven by George Osborne who was an early moderniser and as Chancellor became a key partner of Cameron’s in government. Osborne, who was in many ways more interested in the intellectual foundations of policy than was Cameron, promoted a distinct strand of Conservative ideas which fused economic analysis and strategic thinking about the Conservative Party’s future appeal (Ganesh

in David Cameron and Conservative renewal
Ideology and values
Richard Hayton

Thatcherism. However, there is no fundamental inconsistency in ideological terms between the liberal conservatism of the Coalition and that pursued by Cameron in office. The core Conservative commitment to a neo-liberal political economy was never challenged in Opposition (Hayton, 2012), so its reassertion following an economic downturn was to be fully expected. Given the Conservatives’ success in dominating the Coalition’s statecraft (Hayton, 2014), we can view its ideology as derived essentially from Conservative ideas (Lakin, 2013: 476). Constructing a new conservatism

in David Cameron and Conservative renewal
Bogdan Popa

proposals a refusal of Nazi legacy, yet they chose different elements to emphasize as key to their programs. In The District of Gaiety , anti-abortion politics derives from the same aversion to Nazism that Herzog describes in her study. The socialist epistemology of productive bodies incorporates conservative ideas, given that the problem of natality takes center stage. In the film

in De-centering queer theory
Derek Averre

did public debates play in facilitating or constraining Russian policy? The next section highlights the link between domestic and foreign policy and explores how Russia’s national belief systems have been manifested in its approach to the Arab Spring – how conservative ideas, expressed both in political thinking and its cultural and civilisational identity, have increasingly permeated

in Russian strategy in the Middle East and North Africa