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From colonial to cross-cultural psychiatry in Nigeria
Matthew M. Heaton

‘psychic stresses which are inherent in the tribal culture’ (Lambo, 1955 : 240). He argued that one of the main reasons why colonial psychiatrists had assumed otherwise was because of their inability to identify schizophrenic symptoms when their cultural content differed from that found in Europeans. In Lambo's own studies among his native Yoruba people he found that when significantly ‘detribalized’ Nigerians developed schizophrenia their symptoms tended to conform to those seen in people from a European cultural background. However, the symptoms of

in Global health and the new world order
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

4 Moral discourse and action in relation to the corpse: integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence Jon Shute Introduction: the moral–emotional ‘work’ of serious crime in peacetime and in conflict In stable, late-modern societies, crimes are adjudicated breaches of morality formally defined in law. They are variable in content across place and time, and do not always have a readily identifiable victim or definitions that have the informal moral support of the population; however, many of the most serious offences against the person and property

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Recorded memories and diasporic identity in the archive of Giuseppe Chiaffitella
Nicola Scaldaferri

be preserved in time: voices of children or elders, or bringing into the home sounds recorded outside. While gramophones and radios only allowed a passive experience of content created by others, the tape recorder allowed an active role. It could be used to record conferences or radio programmes, or one’s favourite songs in a playlist always available – thus anticipating the introduction of the more convenient cassette tapes in the mid-1960s. The interaction between tape recorder and the radio left an impression on Chiaffitella, who often recorded radio songs and

in Sonic ethnography
Abstract only
Liene Ozoliņa

taught at the seminars. While the topics of the seminars to be run each year were decided in co-operation between the Ministry of Welfare and the Employment Agency, the actual content of the seminars was up to the trainers themselves. Each applicant had to include an outline of their proposed seminars when submitting a bid in the annual procurement call. Yet, when I helped Vija, who was in charge of the procurement process, with processing the applications, I noticed that she paid little attention to these outlines. As she was leafing through the application files, she

in Politics of waiting
Notes on developing a photo-ethnographic practice in Basilicata
Lorenzo Ferrarini

do see images and text working ‘within a dialectical relationship’ in which ‘the photograph is integral and essential, and not merely supplemental, to the work’s meanings’ (Di Bello and Zamir 2012 : 4). I develop the relationship of the photographs with text in three different ways, the first of which is a photographic sequence that follows the written essay. As in the case of chapters 1 and 2 , this is separate from the text and does not use captions or other forms of verbal description of the content of the images. The aim is to allow the photographer to

in Sonic ethnography
Mark Doidge, Radosław Kossakowski, and Svenja Mintert

merda’ (shit Torino) or ‘Inter merda’ (shit Inter), or other derogatory comments directed at their rivals. Most ultras groups’ pages present similar content. They are not concentrating on match reports or the tactics of the team, but on reinforcing rivalries  –  the ‘importance of difference’ (De Biasi and Lanfranchi, 1997) – or presenting the group’s banners and choreographies. The importance of social media to the ultras is that it permits their visual style to be circulated across linguistic boundaries. Raja Casablanca’s Green Boys have over 400,000 followers. The

in Ultras
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Porous trails at the border
Rozita Dimova

not to others involves putting that assertion on the ground somewhere – literally, taking it back to its geographical and material provenance. “Places are not idle backdrops – they have agency and exert a force of their own on the direction and pace of knowledge and belief” (Gieryn 2018 , 23). Even when a border appears stripped bare of any national(istic) content, the authority of border guards and regimes is not merely performative. Despite appearing sterile and stripped of any individual expression, it is precisely this bare outlook that plays the main role in

in Border porosities
Adrian Mackenzie

afford live or real-time observation of online processes. They Operative ethnographies and large numbers 159 also invite completionist ambitions: gathering all the data, all the events streaming in and out of the Github platform become imaginable and somewhat viable via APIs. The code vignette shown below, for instance, gathers the last few hundred events on the Github timeline, and is a typical starting point. library(curl) req = curl_fetch_memory(‘’) print(rawToChar(req$content[1:1100])) ## [1] “[\n {\n \”id\”: \”5774962987\”,\n \”type

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
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The name dispute and the Prespa Agreement
Rozita Dimova

, form, and content. The frequent alterations of the border regimes in the Macedonia region of the Balkan Peninsula in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries are most vividly captured by the term porosity. Although my main objective in this book is to analyze this border by using the concept of porosity as a main analytical lens, I continue to rely on border theories that initially ignited my interest in studying borders. Porosity does not refute the political and social aspects that were introduced with the new approach to borders in the

in Border porosities
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Human symbols, doubled identities
Paul Carter

To go back to our own symbolic situation, where the migrant can be compared to a symbolon or symbol, a metaphor of himself representing nothing – writing about ‘Parallel Lines’ in Hebrew poetry, one Robert Lowth identified three kinds: ‘Parallels Synonymous, Parallels Antithetic, and Parallels Synthetic’. 23 A migrant poetics is, in my experience, the ironic deployment of these three modes in order to stage the enigma of communication where, characteristically, form and content fail to parallel each other. Examples

in Translations, an autoethnography