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The Armorial of Bianca Maria Sforza, Copied for August of Saxony by Lucas Cranach the Younger (Manchester, John Rylands Library, German MS. 2)
Ben Pope

German MS. 2 is a previously unstudied armorial dating from the mid-sixteenth century. This article shows that it was produced in the workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger for Elector August of Saxony, and that it was copied from an earlier armorial of c.1500 which was kept in Cranach’s workshop, probably as reference material. Much of the original content and structure of this ‘old armorial’ has been preserved in Rylands German 2. On this basis, the original armorial can be located in a late fifteenth-century Upper German tradition of armorial manuscripts known as the ‘Bodensee’ group. It was also closely linked to the Habsburg dynasty, and appears to have been dedicated to Empress Bianca Maria Sforza. The armorial therefore opens significant new perspectives on the relationships between artists and heraldry and between women and heraldic knowledge, and on ways of visualising the Holy Roman Empire through heraldry.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
An Annotated Bibliography
David Hayton

Sir Lewis Namier (1888–1960) was not only a major twentieth-century historian, a pioneer of ‘scientific history’ who gave his name to a particular form of history-writing, but an important public intellectual. He played a significant role in public affairs, as an influential adviser to the British Foreign Office during the First World War and later as an active Zionist. This article offers a new perspective on his life and work by providing, for the first time, as comprehensive a bibliography as is currently possible of his voluminous writings: books, scholarly articles and contributions to periodicals and newspapers, including many hitherto unknown, and some published anonymously. The annotation includes not only bibliographical information but explanations and brief summaries of the content. The introduction gives an account of Namier’s life and an assessment of his significance as a historian and thinker.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Peter Yeandle

teaching of content which would boost pride in empire, there was no immediately discernible shift to syllabi – especially for younger children. Second, it considers the challenge of internationalism which meant, if anything, that by the mid-1920s, the demand to teach imperial values as well as content became even more explicit. Third, however, it examines arguments for the

in Citizenship, Nation, Empire
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Psychosis and transgression
Will Jackson

fails to address the relationship between delusional content and social context. As the case files of the Europeans at Mathari show, prevailing ideas about Africa as a place of madness and degeneration had effect. Delusional content, it appears, was characterised not by difference from but by resemblance to dominant discursive tropes. Taking the content of delusions seriously forces us to take discourse

in Madness and marginality
‘Pearson’s’ publications, 1890–1914
Peter Broks

national efficiency we can see attempts to create a new consensus around a single national purpose. 7 How can we relate the science content of popular periodicals to the negotiation of social consensus and to the transition from a late Victorian to an Edwardian mentality, from complacency to crisis? Always interested in something, Arthur Pearson was never interested in anything for

in Imperialism and the natural world
Albrecht Diem

the benefit of identifying monastic life with living regulariter, defining regulariter textually and defining the Regula Benedicti as the Rule outweighed the intrinsic contradictions between regula and practice. This contribution addresses the question of how monks and monastic reformers dealt with the disconnect between the content of the Regula Benedicti and their own reality. Which textual techniques did they apply to reconcile norms and practice? This question forms part of a larger project: to get a sense of the concept of normative observance in general

in Religious Franks
Edward Vallance

demonstrates the importance of separating out partisan commentary (in contemporary news media) from the content of address themselves. 6 The texts of these addresses often represented attempts to occupy a middle ground and avoid ideological over-commitment, and also conveyed specific local concerns as well as responding to and embedding national debates. In this chapter, I suggest that the crisis of political credibility identified by Knights was also partly a product of conscious rhetorical strategies which attempted to fashion

in Loyalty, memory and public opinion in England, 1658–​1727
Jan Broadway

world as seen from the perspective of the educated gentry. This chapter is concerned with a number of areas related to the topographical content of local history. Firstly, it explores the parallels between its development and the appearance of the early county maps and town plans. I shall examine the ways in which the two forms reflect a similar view of the environment that they describe, and how the perspective of the gentry – as the primary consumers of both – shaped their content. Secondly, I shall consider the thesis advanced in the 1970s by Margaret Aston, that

in ‘No historie so meete’
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Barry Reay

indicated by the book’s title reflects its two principal themes: it deals with archival form and archival content, the archives of the histories of sex and the sexual histories contained in those archives. It is an experiment in writing an American sexual history that refuses the confines of identity sexuality studies, spanning the spectrum of queer, trans, and the allegedly ‘normal’; and it includes masturbation, perhaps the queerest sex of all. What unites this project is a fascination with sex at the margins, sex that refuses the classificatory frameworks of

in Sex in the archives
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Beatriz Pichel

. By using photographs, historians literally make some things visible. Yet this is sometimes done in an acritical way. Even after the visual culture and the material culture turns, photographs too often serve as illustrations without really intervening in the making of the argument. This book provides historical arguments against using photographs as illustrations. When photographs are an afterthought and images simply help to represent general points, readers will only see the content of the images. However, this book has demonstrated that photographic visibility is

in Picturing the Western Front