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Mel Bunce

crises, they increasingly encounter media content that blurs the line between reality and fiction. This includes everything from rumours and exaggerations on social media, through to partisan journalism, satire and completely invented stories that are designed to look like real news articles. Although this media content varies enormously, it is often grouped together under nebulous and all-encompassing terms such as ‘fake news’, ‘disinformation’ or ‘post-truth’ media. Scholars have started to pay serious attention to the production and impact of all

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

, and the increasing flux of digital content. Rosenberg, Danielski, and Falconer were initially journalists in printed newspapers. The publication for which Falconer worked, for instance, progressed towards online reporting; when she left to write freelance assignments for non-profit organizations, she soon found herself writing for digital platforms, composing blogs and Facebook posts. Six years ago, when the CRC offered her a permanent position, she welcomed the opportunity to further this experience with social media in a stable and innovative environment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, sector (following the UN OCHA sector/cluster categorisation), and report type. The categorisation allowed for a basic landscape assessment by year and sector. For the synthesis of lessons learned, the reports were assessed qualitatively by sector. Content was coded as lessons learned, challenges, insights and positive practices. While NVivo (as do other content-coding software) allows for more systematic approaches (e.g. quantifying usage frequency of specific terms to indicate level of importance, or lack thereof; e.g. Cochrane et al. , 2017 ), this approach was not

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

and empower crisis-affected communities in their own response and recovery. Crisis translation innovations often need to balance accuracy and timeliness. The accepted premise is that a human translator with the right qualifications, experience and tools will do a good job but take longer than MT. On the other hand, MT will have variable quality depending on factors like language pair, translation direction and content type. Each humanitarian crisis

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

availability and accessibility to make a point supporting her subsequent argument. While availability mainly describes the provision of technology, accessibility is multidimensional in nature and represents the real opportunity of using technology. Building on these basic definitions, she identifies the two biggest barriers to access for individuals from refugee background: content in English – the official language in Australia and the internet’s lingua franca – and affordability in the face of more

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

investment. By looking from the bottom up and keeping focused on the essential outcomes of patient documentation, there is potential to create more efficiency using technology in a way with which clinical staff embrace rather than battle. Systems in themselves cannot serve to eradicate the pitfalls of human factors in medical documentation. Creating a more efficient method of data collection and collation, which possibly reduces the handwritten component, does not prevent the content of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

, https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/ASP-Sri-Lanka-and-BiH.pdf (accessed 7 December 2018 ). All Survivors Project (ASP) ( 2018 ), ‘I Don’t Know Who Can Help’: Men and Boys Facing Sexual Violence in Central African Republic , https://allsurvivorsproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/ASP-Central-African-Republic.pdf (accessed 7

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

humanitarian interventions. The topic was thrust upon me by events in Rwanda in 1994. As a teenage, second-generation Rwandan immigrant in Belgium, I was more personally affected than fellow classmates by the hypocrisy of the international community: the preaching of respect for human rights, followed by their omission during one hundred days of mass murder before the eyes of the world. It felt like there was more to the story than ‘good intentions versus regrettable outcomes’. Ever since, I have worried about the content and purpose of (Western

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

2020 ). Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) ( 2015 ), Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action: Reducing Risk, Promoting Resilience and Aiding Recovery , https://gbvguidelines.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2015-IASC-Gender-based-Violence-Guidelines_lo-res.pdf (accessed 30 August 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

: 10.1038/srep37074 . Damanpour , F. ( 1992 ), ‘ Organizational Size and Innovation ’, Organization Studies , 13 : 3 , 375 – 402 , doi: 10.1177/017084069201300304 . Development Initiatives ( 2018 ), Global Humanitarian Assistance. Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2018 , www.devinit.org/wp-content

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs