Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith
emergent capitalism, which has been consubstantial with subsuming colonialism,
has transformed the meaning of the Pacific’s geography. Arif Dirlik is right
to highlight the discourse of the ‘Rim’ (1997: 129–45). But the discourse
is neither all-powerful, nor pervasive. The Pacific’s past is polycentric and
its forms of memory embrace connected centres, a continuous mythology
(both temporally and spatially), particular historicities and an unusual mode
of inter-culturalengagement. For critical generalisation to be possible, an
appreciation of this mode of engagement
(but see Smith, 2014c).
This chapter completes the in-depth studies of Part II. I have fathomed particular examples of inter-civilisational engagement. My survey includes oceanic civilisations, the Oceanian civilisation, Latin American movements of
political and culturalengagements and, finally, Japan’s exceptional encounter
with the West and instances of political and culturalengagement that ensued.
I have examined, to varying degrees in all cases, the four dimensions of inter-
civilisational engagement to support my critical synthesis of the illuminating
south of the United States, yet vitally enriched by many traditions. The neglect
of Latin America’s multi-civilisational history was not only the sin of Europeans.
The post-revolutionary technocratic state in Mexico was fanatically positivist. Its
investment in positivism left the state unreceptive to the many civilisational identities and influences that formed Mexico. His preference was culturalengagement.
Reyes responded to the aftermath of the 1910 revolution with caution, asserting culture over violence and
across dimensions of migration, economic movements and connections, culturalengagement and the political reconstruction of civilisational models.
Historical engagement entails dis-engagement also. The non-borrowings, dissonances and conflicts of civilisations are noted alongside cases of fragmentation and the collapse of large empires.
The outline of inter-civilisational engagement in Chapter 4 is broad in scope.
I pepper the argument with examples to illustrate key points. One aim of Debating
Civilisations is to sketch an
resistant to many of his initiatives, but despite this campaigns were launched and local clubs were established. 125 Groups like the Anglo-Asian and Anglo-Caribbean Conservative Societies aimed to encourage political and culturalengagement and on some level to engender Conservative sympathies. The impact of such groups was real and meaningful; Rowe has argued that there was ‘considerable progress’ in tackling the internal racism, but as a whole their success may have been limited by the machinations of the party at a national level. 126 In particular, the Leader
P. G. Wodehouse, transatlantic romances in fiction, and the Anglo-American
dividing his time physically between the two nations, a process connected to the London theatre of the time. This chapter will achieve two things. First, it places Wodehouse’s fictional representation of Anglo-American relations in the context of other contemporary culturalengagements, showing how he borrowed and challenged these alternative approaches. Second, it evaluates the significance of Wodehouse’s imagining, practicing, and advocating for closer Anglo-American relationships in these years, relationships that he saw in largely positive terms. His career and
emphasis seems to remain on declaratory standards, which while important can give a false promise of clarity, rather than on the shared activities normally associated with learning. Despite the work of a range of UN organisations, as well as various bilateral and multilateral bodies and programmes, opportunities for learning at the sites of abuse – and so for changes in both behaviour and understanding among those engaged in abusive relations – remain relatively unexplored. These are areas of dialogue and practical cross-culturalengagement, supported by a range of non
cross-national/culturalengagement. For this reason, sport,
among other cultural forms such as the visual and performing arts, has been championed in the White Paper and elsewhere as a promising domain of diplomacy (broadly
defined as encompassing political, economic, social and cultural exchange in both
formal and informal environments).34 The place of sport within Australian diplomacy
of different kinds now requires more detailed exploration.
Sport and diplomacy in Australia
In seeking to capture an elusive concept there is a significant and growing body