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Ronit Lentin

records or testimony. History is the remembered past to which we no longer have an ‘organic’ relation, while collective memory is the active past that forms our identities. Collective memory is often equated with official memory, popular memory, cultural memory. However Halbwachs’s main point, Olick and Robbins argue, is that although collective Memory sites, postmemory, co-memory 25 memory does seem to take on a life of its own, it is only individuals who remember, even though they do much of this remembering together. Olick and Robbins refer to ‘social memory

in Co-memory and melancholia
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Germany in American post-war International Relations
Felix Rösch

environment. In their recent delineation of literate ethics, Hartmut Behr and Xander Kirke emphasise the ability to contextualise knowledge in order to avoid misunderstandings or misrepresentations. 52 In other words, contextuality is a first step towards meaningful translations that cannot be accomplished by a simple transliteration or metaphrase. 53 Contextuality requires the translator to have a critical understanding about the cultural memory that contributed to the establishment of knowledge in the original context. This kind of memory is situated in the everyday

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
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Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

cultural memory of the Soviet era – the people as a whole. The Soviet 185 Bacon 08 186 3/2/06 10:37 AM Page 186 Securitising Russia regime treated many issues not traditionally associated with the security sphere as questions of security and, in the words of Buzan et al, ‘securitise[d] everything from nuclear missiles and opposing armies to miniskirts and pop music’.21 We have argued strongly, in Chapter 2, against the view that the behaviour of individual politicians can be predicted simply because they were at some point employed in one of the Russian force

in Securitising Russia
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Iver B. Neumann

been constitutive of cities from the very beginning. Indeed, the existence of ornamented public places and the acting out of political ritual therein seem to be that rare thing, namely a trans-historical aspect of politics. All known early complex polities have them. When there is a jump in complexity in third-millennium Anatolia and Eastern Mediterranean, the jump arguably turns on this factor. Assmann ( 2011 : 72) puts it like this: Cultural memory circulates in forms of commemoration that were originally bound up with rituals and festivals. As long as these

in Diplomatic tenses
Alexander Spencer

(international) organizations, narrate and renarrate events of the past in order to establish shared values and norms and constitute a shared cultural identity (Erll 2009: 212). ‘Hence there is no way to give us an understanding of any society, including our own, except through the stock of stories which constitute its initial dramatic resources’ (MacIntyre 1981: 201). Cultural memory is above all made up of different narratives which provide ‘us 24 Romantic narratives in international politics with a fundamental epistemological structure that helps us to make sense of the

in Romantic narratives in international politics