T.K. Ralebitso-Senior, T.J.U. Thompson, and H.E. Carney
In the mid-1990s, the crime scene toolkit was revolutionised by the introduction of
DNA-based analyses such as the polymerase chain reaction, low copy number DNA analysis,
short-tandem repeat typing, pulse-field gel electrophoresis and variable number tandem
repeat. Since then, methodological advances in other disciplines, especially molecular
microbial ecology, can now be adapted for cutting-edge applications in forensic contexts.
Despite several studies and discussions, there is, however, currently very little evidence
of these techniques adoption at the contemporary crime scene. Consequently, this article
discusses some of the popular omics and their current and potential exploitations in the
forensic ecogenomics of body decomposition in a crime scene. Thus, together with published
supportive findings and discourse, knowledge gaps are identified. These then justify the
need for more comprehensive, directed, concerted and global research towards
state-of-the-art microecophysiology method application and/or adaptation for subsequent
successful exploitations in this additional context of microbial forensics.
This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the
making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of
prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies
including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic
Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a
novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images.
The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an
emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and
unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of
archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the
ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces
the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of
possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is
divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of
making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in
prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images
change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from
archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to
the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic
societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and
changeable character of images.
as plant ecology, which drew upon and perpetuated natural history practices.4
Thanks to the demands of medical education for life science instruction, zoology
and botany were now firmly established in the syllabuses of British higher education
establishments, which boasted chairs in life and earth sciences.5 This was especially
the case in the English civic colleges that were soon to be chartered as independent
universities, of which Owens College was prominent. The combination of academic
demand and popular interest fuelled natural history posts at
Ing-Marie Back Danielsson and Andrew Meirion Jones
unusual source: the affective ecology of plants.
Carla Hustak and Natasha Myers (2012) discuss the way in which
insect pollinators and plants, particularly orchids, are mutually entangled.
Drawing on Darwin’s early work on bee pollination amongst orchids,
Hustak and Myers argue against Neo-Darwinian ‘sexual deception’
hypotheses: the idea that visually and chemically orchids lure bees to
them in order to disperse pollen by deceptive mimicry. As they note,
these accounts are unable to ‘admit play, pleasure or improvisation within
or among species’ (Hustak and Myers 2012
Scandinavian Late Iron Age gold foil figures through the lens of
Ing-Marie Back Danielsson
enhance, facilitate and/or renegotiate memories of different
kinds and on different levels. These prolonged meetings may further
have stimulated and invited what Hustak and Myers (2012: 77–8) call
affective ecologies that could have included play, pleasure and improvisation (see also Jones and Cochrane 2018: 49–50, but also Deleuze and
Guattari 1988: 12 on the symbiotic becoming of the wasp/orchid unit).
The possible playfulness may also have been instigated by the material
properties of the metal gold itself. The metal is extremely ductile. As one
of the most
The book will also think differently about the bog, too often seen as a marginal place or cultural backwater, with pejorative associations. Their ecology might be restricted but the environmental and archaeological evidence suggests that such peatlands were wet clots of life: seething with rather strange inhabitants, fuelling both household needs and spiritual beliefs, endowed with the power of appearing to hold death in stasis. In sum, the book seeks to humanise but contextualise the dead who come from its depths, setting them back within the wider martial
(2005). Media Ecologies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Gombrich, E.H. (1995). Shadows: The Depiction of Cast Shadows in Western Art.
London: National Galleries Publications.
Hatherley, O. (2009). Militant Modernism. Arlesford: John Hunt Publishing.
Hofstader, D. (2007). Strange Loops. New York: Basic Books.
Jones, A., A. Cochrane, C. Carter, I. Dawson, M. Díaz-Guardamino and L. Minkin.
(2015). ‘Digital imaging and prehistoric imagery: a new analysis of the Folkton
Drums’, Antiquity 89 (347), 1083–95.
Jones, J. and N. Smith. (2017). ‘The strange case of Dame Mary May
.scottishheritagehub.com/content/scarf-neolithic-panel-report. Accessed 6
Sontag, S. (2009 ). Against Interpretation and Other Essays. London: Penguin.
Star, S.L. and J.R. Griesemer. (1989). ‘Institutional ecology, translations, and boundary
objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology,
1907–39’, Social Studies of Science 19 (2), 387–420.
Stoichita, V.I. (1997). A Short History of the Shadow. London: Reaktion.
Van Gijn, A. (2010). Flint in Focus. Lithic Biographies in the Neolithic and Bronze
Age. Leiden: Sidestone Press.
: Geographies of Scientific Knowledge
(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003); S. Naylor (ed.), ‘Historical Geographies
of Science’, special issue, British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2005), 1–100.
T. F. Gieryn, Cultural Boundaries of Science: Credibility on the Line (Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 1999), p. 12; see also Gieryn, ‘What buildings do’, Theory and Society,
Introduction: museum historiographies
31 (2002), 35–74; S. L. Star and J. R. Griesemer, ‘Institutional ecology, “translations”
and boundary objects: amateurs
Tangible engagements in the making and ‘remaking’ of prehistoric rock
Lara Bacelar Alves
interesting for the study of past human societies as it is the study of both
the past and present relationships between climate and the distribution
of living beings on Earth (Aguiar 2008). It incorporates knowledge from
sciences like biology, geology, ecology, bioclimatology and phytosociology
and one of its fundamental aims is to establish typological hierarchical
models of the territory known as eco-regions based on biomes, that
is ecological communities sharing climatic conditions and geological
features that support species with similar life and adaptation