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On Anglo-Saxon things
James Paz

Press, 2010), p. 6. 10 Jane Bennett, Vibrant Matter:  A  Political Ecology of Things (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010), p. 3. 11 Ian Bogost, Alien Phenomenology, or, What It’s Like to Be a Thing (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012). 12 Levi Bryant, The Democracy of Objects (Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, 2011); Timothy Morton, Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World (Minneapolis:  University of Minnesota Press, 2013). 13 Ian Hodder, Entangled:  An Archaeology of the Relationships between Humans and Things (Oxford

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Fragility, brokenness and failure
James Paz

a single word (OE beam) but whose spoken solution embraces everything from tree to log to ship to rood, underscoring the difficulty of trying to capture things within a verbal cage. Similar processes are at play in The Dream. We, like the dreamer, cannot satisfactorily name, know or control what we are seeing and hearing and speaking. What is our task, then? In her work on the political ecology of things, Bennett asks a set of questions that are pertinent here: What method could possibly be appropriate for the task of speaking a word for vibrant matter? How to

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Lester K. Little

this extraordinary age. Moreover, climatologists refer to the age as ‘the medieval anomaly’, for their evidence demonstrates that it was favoured by exceptionally felicitous conditions of climate and ecology. 11 In political terms this same period marked in northern and central Italy the age of the communes, when newly dominant groups of urban dwellers succeeded in revolting against their local lord, usually a count or a bishop, to take over control of their city. Councils made up of elected representatives governed the communes. Between

in Indispensable immigrants
James Paz

:  Processes of Conversion in Northern Europe, AD 300–​ 1300 (Suffolk: York Medieval Press, 2003), pp. 351–​70, at 352. 34 Andrew Marvell, ‘To His Coy Mistress’, in The Complete Poems, ed. Jonathan Bate (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005), p. 50. 35 Here and below I echo some of the thoughts of Jeffrey Jerome Cohen, ‘Stories of Stone’, Postmedieval, 1:2 (Spring/​Summer 2010), 56–​63. His recent book Stone:  An Ecology of the Inhuman (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2015) also investigates the power and abiding companionship of this seemingly inert substance. I

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Abstract only
Jeffrey Jerome Cohen

humours do their work within skin that offers a permeable membrane rather than a barrier.6 This open, fleshly system enmeshes the gravity of the moon, the impress of place, the agency of matter and the density and humidity of atmosphere, creating what Gail Paster has called ‘an ecology of passions’ and ‘the body’s weather’, which may be both shared with the environment and heavy.7 The human form is a dynamic ecology easily thrown into crisis, a ‘conviviality of animate and inanimate matters’ as J. Allan Mitchell describes it, that makes clear ‘anthropocentrism has not

in Contemporary Chaucer across the centuries
Thinking, feeling, making
James Paz

fabricated through various materials, our bodies existing in a prosthetic ecology that forms the self. Richard H. Godden has shown that Sir Gawain, the chivalric hero of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , can be read as a ‘dismodern subject’ who is incomplete without the prosthetic objects that shape him as a subject. Yet these prosthetics can occasionally exert an excessive thing-power, interrupting the knight's identity and reinforcing his corporeal vulnerability

in Dating Beowulf
Myra Seaman

prescriptive.4 That is to say, the texts preserved in household books are assumed to represent and reinscribe traditional affects, those of social superiors being clumsily claimed by a non-​aristocratic household. In contrast, revisiting conduct texts and other morally didactic writings of the kind that fill most late-​ medieval household books, Crocker shows how, with ‘affects [… as their] principal vehicle’, such texts can actually build with their audience an innovative local moral ecology.5 Through close readings of texts compiled in two fifteenth-​century household

in Household knowledges in late-medieval England and France
Christopher Abram

etymology; Langeslag, ‘Monstrous landscape in Beowulf ’, ES , 96 (2015), 122. 12 William Howarth, ‘Imagined territory: the writing of wetlands’, New literary history , 30 (1999), 520. I owe my knowledge of this article to Sarah Harlan-Haughey, The ecology of the English outlaw in medieval literature: from fen to greenwood (Abingdon: Routledge, 2016), p. 41

in Dating Beowulf
The early medieval contexts of Aldhelm’s cat riddle
Megan Cavell

), 857–82. 3 Poole, ‘Contextual Cat’, pp. 868 and 873–4. 4 DOE, s.v. cat, catte and cathol . See also Karen Louise Jolly, ‘A Cat’s Eye View: Vermin in Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Daily Lives of the Anglo-Saxons , ed. Carole Biggam, Carole Hough, and Daria Izdebska (Tempe, AZ: ACMRS, 2017), pp. 105–28, at pp. 112–17. 5 Greger Larson and Dorian Q. Fuller, ‘The Evolution of Animal Domestication’, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics , 45 (2014), 115–36, at p. 117. 6 Larson and Fuller, ‘Evolution’, p. 117. 7 Larson and Fuller

in Riddles at work in the early medieval tradition
James Paz

Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010), pp. 7–10. 5 Levi R. Bryant, The Democracy of Objects (Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, 2011), p. 32. 6 Timothy Morton, Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013). 7 For discussion of how Old English poets use writing to try to contain and control the natural world, see chapter 5 of Elaine Tuttle Hansen, The Solomon Complex: Reading Wisdom in Old English Poetry (Toronto: University of Toronto

in Riddles at work in the early medieval tradition