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The case of colonial Zambia
Sven Speek

-modern concepts of sustainable resource use and several authors have proposed to speak of a ‘green’ colonialism 3 or have identified an imperial ‘legacy of eco-development’. 4 This research adds an important dimension to the already rich literature on the environmental politics of empire. 5 Surprisingly, the science of ecology itself has not been a major focus in these discussions

in Developing Africa
The multiple careers of a colonial museum curator
Savithri Preetha Nair

certain historical moments owing to a combination of factors: the curator’s research interests, his links to metropolitan science, his ability to effect ‘translations’ across diverse social worlds and the demands of the state. In the late nineteenth century, the Madras Museum under Thurston evolved into a centre of research and education in marine biology, ocean ecology and anthropology, new disciplines of the late nineteenth century. Intellectual trajectory and professional networks An Etonian, Thurston studied at King

in Curating empire
Bronwen Everill

Roberts notes, Gold Coast ‘government medical reports linked filth and contamination to the local Ga population, in line with theories of racial ecology that located sources of illness within African bodies’, an underlying sentiment that continued even after mosquitoes were discovered as the disease vector. 51 Even once DDT and pyrethrum were being used to control mosquito populations during World War II, whole Ghanaian

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Appropriation, dehumanisation and the rule of colonial difference
Samraghni Bonnerjee

from this catalogue. 20 See for instance Robert Baden-Powell, The Matabele Campaign, 1896: Being a Narrative of the Campaign in Supressing the Native Rising in Matabeleland and Mashonaland (London: Methuen, 1900). See also John Miller, Empire and the Animal Body: Violence, Identity and Ecology in Victorian Identity Fiction (London: Anthem Press, 2012

in Exiting war
Joseph Hardwick

clergymen-scientists, William Branwhite Clarke and William Woolls, both of whom can be described as evangelicals. 98 In the 1870s Clarke and Woolls argued that deforestation, carried on by reckless white settlers, had lessened rainfall, increased temperatures and made droughts more frequent and severe. Woolls had a strong sense of ecology and the ‘balance of nature’: the idea that God’s providential design was perfect, and that the removal or destruction of a species would have dangerous results. In an often-cited 1876 address to

in Prayer, providence and empire
Along the Oregon Trail and in the National Museum of Australia
Deborah Bird Rose

. Comparisons between the US sites and the Australian site reveal strong articulations of national landscape mythology and national unease. The narrative of situating settlers in their new world homes is given both substance and subversion by sustaining gaps between representations of geography, ecology, narrative and the embodied presence of the visitor. Comparison enables the representations, narratives and gaps to be back-lit by one another, thus throwing each into unexpected relief. It begins to illuminate epistemic and metaphysical

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Complementarity or divorce?
Martin Thomas

, ecology, economic development, the local labour market and the growth of a wage economy. A snapshot of French Indochina on the eve of the depression is instructive. The North Vietnam territory of Tonkin (Bac Bo) was characterised by a high population density of over 1,000 people per square kilometre in the Tonkin delta, an equatorial climate suited to intensive crop cultivation

in The French empire between the wars
Abstract only
Joseph Hardwick

this book has suggested is that the advent of representative government helped contemporaries imagine their new societies as unities and communities. Indeed, colonial democracy gave new life to the old concept of ‘national sin’. It was, for instance, an idea deployed by those who believed colonial voters shared responsibility for harming – if not destroying – environments, ecologies and indigenous peoples and cultures. Most of all, special worship retained popularity because such occasions – and providential

in Prayer, providence and empire
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

farming practices, for example. 20 Helen Tilley, Peder Anker and Joseph Hodge have shown that concern about the failure of previous development initiatives, interest in tropical soils, and the rise of ecology and anthropology contributed to increasingly sophisticated understandings of African environments during the interwar period. 21 Suzanne Moon and Donna Mehos have argued that we should not conflate the itinerant consultants working for international development institutions in the post-independence era with the scientific staff of the European empires that had

in Science at the end of empire
Abstract only
An introduction
David Lambert and Peter Merriman

scholarship goes much further, adopting a more ‘lively’ approach to the politics and poetics of mobility infrastructures. 55 A broad focus on mobility systems and mobility environments has also led to a ‘de-centring’ of the vehicle and attention given to the different subjects, objects, ecologies and socio-political structures which are important for the enactment of movements of various kinds. Important work has also been undertaken by mobility scholars on the elemental and atmospheric forces and events which may shape or influence mobility practices, including the

in Empire and mobility in the long nineteenth century