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New roles for experts and publics
Sarah Hartley and Adam Kokotovich

10 Disentangling risk assessment: new roles for experts and publics Sarah Hartley, Adam Kokotovich Risk assessment is an important stage of risk governance, alongside risk characterisation, risk evaluation and risk management. A burgeoning literature on public involvement in risk governance and sciencebased policymaking more broadly has developed in response to tensions in governing environmental risk, particularly the environmental risks posed by emerging technologies (Irwin, 2014; Levidow, 2007; Renn and Schweizer, 2009; Rothstein, 2013; Wynne, 2006). However

in Science and the politics of openness
UK and Swiss initiatives to open up animal laboratory research
Carmen M. McLeod

.theguardian.com/science/2012/ oct/19/public-opposition-animal-testing. de Saille, S. (2015). Dis-inviting the unruly public. Science as Culture, 24(1), 99–107. Dierkes, M., and von Grote, C. (eds) (2000). Between Understanding and Trust: The Public, Science and Technology. Amsterdam: Harwood. Dodds, S. (2013). Trust, accountability and participation. In K. O’Doherty and E. Einsiedel (eds), Public Engagement and Emerging Technologies. Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press. ECEAE (2010). Eurobarometer survey shows public concern on animal testing. European Coalition to End Animal Experiments

in Science and the politics of openness
The role of minority engagement
Sujatha Raman, Pru Hobson-West, Mimi E. Lam, and Kate Millar

(Brown and Guston, 2009). If diversity is a criterion of science as a public good (Callon, 1994), then the market fails as a mechanism for achieving this good, as it prioritises only what elites say we ought to want (Jones, 2013). Public engagement, properly understood and devised, might stimulate discussion not just of the merits of one research area, but the wider question of what kinds of research and innovation are needed to fulfil the public interest (Jones, 2013). For example, Hartley et al. (2016) argue that to properly assess the merits of an emerging

in Science and the politics of openness
Distinguishing capacity-restoring and capacity-increasing technologies
Jean-François Caron

could Finally Stop PTSD ’, The Atlantic , 1 February. Leveringhaus , Alex . 2016 . Ethics and Autonomous Weapons . Oxford : Palgrave Macmillan . Lin , Patrick . 2010 . ‘ Ethical Blowback from Emerging Technologies ’, Journal of Military Ethics , Vol. 9 , No. 4 , pp. 313–331 . Lin , Patrick , Maxwell J. Mehlman , and Keith Abney . 2013 . Enhanced Warfighters: Risk, Ethics, and Policy . The Greenwall Foundation

in A theory of the super soldier
Irish Travellers and the Questionnaire
Mícheál Ó hAodha

autonomous in nature and have the ability to ‘live their own lives’, form syntheses of all kinds and even engender new representations. It is important to do justice to the compelling and (often) ambivalent nature of collective ideation or imagery in a globalised world where emerging technologies ensure that images and representations can be transferred at incredible speed. The significance of new forms of communication has combined with a number of developing traditions in the social and human sciences to ensure the increased significance of the question of collective

in ‘Insubordinate Irish’