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Costa-Gavras and microhistoriography: the case of Amen. (2002)
Homer B. Pettey

observed from the top of institutional wall by a group of mentally retarded Germans. The camera then follows these individuals through their removal to a medical facility, their codification, and processing, their being stripped naked, and finally their execution by exposure to carbon monoxide gas. Eugenics served a twisted logic of Nazi scapegoating for the purposes of Aryan racial purity, which was first tried out at an asylum for the mentally ill at Mogilev near Minsk in 1941. 13 Gerstein's own niece was among this group of victims. Her death and the resultant

in The films of Costa-Gavras
African American physicians in television period dramas
Kevin McQueeney

doctor at the hospital – Everett Gallinger (Eric Johnson) – is performing vasectomies on boys with mental development disabilities as part of the eugenics movement. When Edwards presents this information to the board, the all-white members not only express their support of eugenics, but inform Edwards that new investors – the hospital is planning to move to an uptown location, closer to wealthier patients – do not want a

in Diagnosing history
The lady physician in the American western
Antonovich Jacqueline D.

maternalist health reforms. Unlike Dr Quinn , Medicine Woman , a show that emphasised multicultural politics, most women physicians in the region used their political power to promote eugenics and advocate for public health legislation based on racial science. It was these women, with their pathbreaking, yet problematic political activism, who would inspire first-wave feminist writers in the United States. Feminists, filmmakers

in Diagnosing history
Will Higbee

discourse surrounding eugenics that underpins the narrative of the original novel with a poorly articulated, slight and simplistic anti-fascist discourse. The screenplay also saw the removal of a number of secondary figures from the novel, including the local police offcer who assists superintendent Niémans with his enquiries upon his arrival from Paris – a character that was originally to be played by

in Mathieu Kassovitz
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The treatment of the young offender
Philip Gillett

. Quite how this transformation should take place remained unexplained. Eugenics was rendered unacceptable by the war. Instead, the British chose socialism at the ballot box. By 1950, the limitations of socialism in a capitalist world were showing, but what was to take its place had yet to become apparent. Ealing presented the problem; the solution was beyond Ealing’s remit. Other films supplied more specific answers. One was a

in The British working class in postwar film
Melodramatic and moral readings of gay conversion therapy in A Place to Call Home
Alley-Young Gordon R.

Anthony Gillingham (Tom Cullen) (S5E2). Stopes’s (1918) work was progressive for encouraging women to take charge of family planning and for advocating that women and men have a right to enjoy sexual pleasure as these things, Stopes (1918) argued, would strengthen the heterosexual couple bond. However, unfortunately, Stopes was also known for advocating eugenics, including the elimination of homosexuals whom she grouped

in Diagnosing history
The War on Terror and the resurgence of hillbilly horror after 9/11
Linnie Blake

unwilling to relent.’ Sylvia Jenkins Cook, From Tobacco Road to Route 66: The Southern Poor White in Fiction (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1976), p. 4. Into the twentieth century, moreover, the Eugenics Records Office would conduct some fifteen ‘Eugenic Family Studies’ between 1880 and 1920, setting out to expose the genetic defects of the poor white caused, it was argued, by miscegenation, incest and alcoholism. In literature such a perspective would be echoed in William Faulkner’s picture of the rural South and in Ellen Glasgow’s Southern Gothic

in The wounds of nations
Steve Chibnall

fascist eugenics advocated by the American lawyer and historian T. L. Stoddard with his theory of the ‘Underman’: ‘that primitive animality which is the heritage of our human, and even our pre-human past … This primitive animality, potentially present in the noblest natures, continuously dominates the lower social strata, especially the pauper, criminal and degenerate elements – civilisation

in J. Lee Thompson
Gender, nostalgia, and the making of historical heroines
Aeleah Soine

representing gender as it was rather than how we wish it might have been. Yet, these historical narratives also bear responsibility for their revisionism. Critics point out how Mercy Street softened the portrayal of Confederate attitudes on slavery or Charité at War redeemed German collaboration with the Nazi regime with all the major surviving characters coming around to resist Nazi eugenics. Even Call the Midwife , a

in Diagnosing history
Early twentieth century surgery on screen
Allitt Marie

discussed in more depth in McQueeney’s chapter). Across the two seasons (twenty episodes overall), medical experimentation, exploration, and ambition are set against the backdrop of key technological and medical concerns of the period, such as electricity, x-rays, blood transfusions, eugenics, animal experimentation, and cocaine addiction. In a review of the show published in The Lancet , Jason Socrates Bardi describes Soderbergh

in Diagnosing history