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David Starr Jordan, eugenics and the Anglo-American anti-war movement
Gavin Baird and Bradley W. Hart

12 The Stanford connection: David Starr Jordan, eugenics and the Anglo-American anti-war movement Gavin Baird and Bradley W. Hart As Europe descended into the abyss of war in the late summer of 1914, one of the world’s best-known peace advocates was visiting the genteel surroundings of Cambridge University. Shocked by the rapid escalation of violence and realising that his life’s mission of preventing young men from being sent to die on the battlefield had failed, this high-profile academic bemoaned that the mere ‘incident’ of Franz Ferdinand’s assassination

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War
The Progressive League and the quest for sexual reform in British politics, 1932–59
Janet Shepherd

, ‘The Federation of Progressive Societies and Individuals’, Journal of Contemporary History, 11 (1976), 49–82. Throughout its long existence, the organisation also ran a full programme of cultural activities – most notably music, poetry, theatre trips, painting, country dancing and rambling. Wrigley.indb 134 08/03/2017 17:45:40 The Progressive League and the quest for sexual reform 135 This chapter will examine the role of the little-known PL in the progress of sexual reform in the mid-twentieth century, including birth control, eugenics, abortion law reform

in Labour and working-class lives
Editors: Lucy Bland and Richard Carr

This volume offers a series of new essays on the British left – broadly interpreted – during the First World War. Dealing with grassroots case studies of unionism from Bristol to the North East of England, and of high politics in Westminster, these essays probe what changed, and what remained more or less static, in terms of labour relations. For those interested in class, gender, and parliamentary politics or the interplay of ideas between Britain and places such as America, Ireland and Russia, this work has much to offer. From Charlie Chaplin to Ellen Wilkinson, this work paints a broad canvass of British radicalism during the Great War.

Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

’ policy in China and even eugenics and ‘ethnic cleansing’. eugenics The ‘science’ of selective breeding by promoting the reproduction of ‘desirable humans’ and preventing the creation of the ‘less desirable’. Eugenics was widely supported by people of all political persuasions, left and right, prior to the Second World War and Nazi eugenics which discredited its

in Understanding political ideas and movements
The next Lansbury generation and Labour politics, 1881–1951
John Shepherd

1973, p. 4. 86 Lesley A. Hall, Sex, Gender and Social Change in Britain Since 1880 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. 113–14. 87 For the abortion campaign, see Ann Farmer, By Fruits: Eugenics, Population, Control and the Abortion Campaign (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2005). 88 H. Montgomery Hyde, Norman Birkett: The Life of Lord Birkett of Ulverston (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1964), p. 462. 89 For the birth control campaign in the Labour Party in the 1920s, see Stephen Brooke, Sexual Politics: Sexuality, Family Planning

in Labour and working-class lives
Abstract only
Keith Laybourn and John Shepherd

, Aldous Huxley, Bertrand Russell and H. G. Wells. Relatively little-known, and rising to a membership of only 600 at its height, the Progressive League was primarily concerned to promote the cause of sexual revolution in Britain in the mid-twentieth century, raising issues such as birth control, eugenics, abortion reform, marriage reform, the legalisation of homosexuality and the reform of the Obscenity Acts. Committed to the idea that its supporters should support measures that would improve the happiness of all mankind, it also advocated the individualist view that

in Labour and working-class lives
Dean Blackburn

Meritocracy , p. 161. 47 Chris Renwick, ‘Eugenics, Population Research, and Social Mobility Studies in Early and Mid-Twentieth Century Britain’, The Historical Journal , Vol. 59, No. 3 (2015), pp. 845–867. 48 David Glass (ed.), Social Mobility in Britain (London: Routledge, 1953), pp. 24–25. 49 See Chaim I. Waxman (ed.), The End of Ideology Debate (New York: Clarion, 1969). 50 Peter Hennessy, Establishment and Meritocracy (London: Haus, 2013), p. 31. 51 Ortolano, Two Cultures , pp. 24–25. 52 Daniel Bell, ‘On Meritocracy’, Public Interest

in Penguin Books and political change
Norton Garnett

; but at least she had been discreet enough to signal her sympathy with the economic liberal dissidents without perpetrating any noticeable verbal blunders. Even if Joseph had confined himself to fairly technical matters, and not tried to inject some sparkle into his text by using a form of words which made him sound like a proponent of eugenics, his oratorical performances since February 1974 The oratory of Keith Joseph 99 would have made him vulnerable as a leadership candidate. According to one account of the Edgbaston speech, Joseph spoke so rapidly that the

in Conservative orators from Baldwin to Cameron
Abstract only
Lucy Bland and Richard Carr

rested on his role as the first president of Stanford University, his interventions into diplomacy lent heavily on his belief in eugenics. As Baird and Hart illustrate, during the lead-up to the war and in the period before America entered the Allied side, Starr Jordan used his academic prominence to stress the dysgenic impact of the conflict on both sides of the Atlantic. Tracing his story from California to the corridors of Westminster, this chapter chronicles the interactions of an American pacifist with the Snowdens, Ramsay MacDonald and Fabian thinkers, such as

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War
John Shepherd

, writer, journalist and one-time adviser to Margaret Thatcher, who had been contacted about a plot to make William Whitelaw Conservative leader, that he was definitely a candidate.31 But in a controversial speech in Birmingham in November 1974, his references to social deprivation and poor large families – ‘the balance of the human stock is threatened’ – raised associations with eugenics that caused a press furore in the same city in which Enoch Powell had spoken about immigration and ‘rivers of blood’ only a few years earlier. Instead, Joseph became Thatcher

in Crisis? What crisis?