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The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

’, transformed by actors and their interactions ( Long and Long, 1992 : 35). Too often, ‘Aidland’ is seen as an exclusionary ‘bubble of northern-based’ expatriates ( Harrison, 2013 ), overlooking the significance of locally based aid workers who are intricately interwoven with local politics. Local staff must balance their embeddedness ‘in the field’ with their professional position ( Redfield, 2012 ; Crombé and Kruper, 2019 ), while institutional structures often reproduce inequalities between ‘national’ and ‘international’ staff, thereby reflecting broader structures of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

, guidelines and best practices, and managed by their own professional staff. That said, security strategies are often different – and frequently less comprehensive – for national staff as compared with expatriate staff ( Beerli, 2018 ; Stoddard et al. , 2011 ). Even the categories of ‘national’ and ‘expatriate’ staff encompass a range of sub-categories across which there is variation in security strategies. Likewise, under the rubric of civilian protection, different measures

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé
Joanna Kuper

conflict in South Sudan as well as MSF’s operational decisions, not least the withdrawal of international teams from the areas under attack. The absence of expatriate witnesses from the most violent events in the situations reviewed here highlights the need to combine and contrast institutional and academic sources with direct testimonies from local MSF personnel and residents – voices that are rarely heard in security analyses. This attention to local experiences and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Difficulties of a Randomised Clinical Trial Confronted with Real Life in Southern Niger
Mamane Sani Souley Issoufou

Frontières (MSF) which is based in Paris, chose Niger because it has one of its two satellite offices in Africa (the second satellite office is in Uganda), with a well-equipped laboratory for conducting its research in collaboration with locally recruited primarily Nigerien staff and expatriates. Epicentre was created in 1986 to guide the organisation in certain contexts of its humanitarian action. So beyond the compassionate action that has historically characterised MSF as a humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

measures and contingency plans for a possible evacuation or lockdown situation; a one- to two-hour awareness-raising session on security for all volunteers leaving on mission during their departure preparation; and, most importantly, a kidnapping risk-management policy. That policy was designed and put in place after two expatriates were abducted in Somalia in the fall of 2008. It required identifying the kidnapping risk in each intervention zone; a specific briefing for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

Qabassin, neither the Syrians nor MSF’s expatriate staff were directly affected by ISIL’s seizure of power, which changed very little in the day-to-day lives and work of MSF’s teams – although, in the first brief discussions with them, ISIL’s representatives made no secret of their totalitarian intentions. Moreover, since September 2013, ISIL propaganda in north-west Syria had been accusing foreign doctors of being enemy spies – a ‘status’ that until then had been reserved for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

l’expatriation française en Centrafrique’ ( Thèse 64 en sciences sociales, Université de Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-Denis ). Brandt , C. O. and De Herdt , T. ( 2019 ), ‘On the Political Economy of Data Collection: Lessons from the Unaccomplished Population Census (Democratic Republic of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

was burning when they arrived there. And the team included expatriates who I’ve talked to. Their faces changed. They had no idea. They hadn’t been out of Khartoum, all of those guys. It added quite a bit of credibility. This was an eyewitness account. VG: Nowadays, it’s interesting to note that virtual reality is considered as ‘the ultimate empathy machine’. But why do we always focus on positive emotions? Advocacy is about pointing the finger to what doesn’t work, so it involves negative emotions: guilt, shame, blame, or outrage – you mentioned it as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Synchronicity in Historical Research and Archiving Humanitarian Missions
Bertrand Taithe
Mickaël le Paih
, and
Fabrice Weissman

previously in the area I was intervening, to compare the scale of the disasters, etc. I managed to retrieve few documents from previous expatriates, whom I contacted by mail through my personal network. But it is primarily thanks to key Malawian staff, who had kept operational documents on their personal hard drives and who remembered the mission, that I managed to reconstitute a little of the history of previous interventions. Institutional memory is fleeting in MSF. There was no policy on archiving

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

trainings are also beginning to cover more ‘soft’ skills, with sexual violence awareness sessions often included alongside these, but this still maintains a division between it and ‘hard’ threats like firearms and explosives. 40 With limited exceptions, HEAT trainings seem to ignore that for aid workers that do not fit the romantic aid worker ideal (cis-gendered, heterosexual, male, white, expatriate), the fortified compound can be as dangerous, if not more, than

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs