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David Blamires

This article discusses the English translations of twelve of Grimms’ fairy tales included in the hitherto forgotten edition published by Darton and Co. in 1851. The titles and tales are identified with their German originals, and the defects of the translation are examined. The German base text was one of the Grimm editions published between 1837 and 1850. Other items not by the Grimms in the edition are commented on. Identification of the tale entitled ‘Sycorine and Argilas’ is unknown. The anonymous translator was inexperienced, without access to a reliable dictionary, and was, probably, female.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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Fortunato Depero in ‘dynamoland’
Katia Pizzi

-Lyrics’, in Buelens, Hendrix and Jansen (eds), The History of Futurism, 274. 55 Ibid., 276. PIZZI 9780719097096 PRINT.indd 105 16/04/2019 10:21 106 Italian futurism and the machine a Babel-like, frenzied factory of madness in perpetual mechanical motion, New York astounded and inspired (see section 3.4).56 Beyond Liriche, the machine continued to be the site of ‘natural’ transformations and metamorphoses. In the article ‘Prospettive fiabesche di macchine rare’ (Fairy-tale perspectives on rare machines; 1935) Depero gazes at cars perceived as ‘metallic mollusks

in Italian futurism and the machine
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Lynn Abrams

the Shetland past resembles a fairy-tale. It contains heroines and ‘witches’, tragedy and triumph over adversity, magic and happy endings, and yet the story is embedded in the materiality of Shetland society. The heroines are crofters, the witches are wise-women. Of course the fairy-tale is an ever-shifting narrative, constantly adapted to suit the circumstances of the teller and her audience. In this way the tale can remain relevant and can continue to fulfil its objectives. As the historian Marina Warner explains: Fairy tales exchange knowledge between an older

in Myth and materiality in a woman’s world
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The Neuendettelsau missionaries’ encounter with language and myth in New Guinea
Daniel Midena

Christianity. The contention is that there existed a certain tension between these two points – between the localising and universalising demands of the evangelical project – that characterised Protestant missionary attitudes to evangelism at this time. There are a variety of competing terms in German (and English) at play in this chapter: Mythos , Mythe (myth), Märchen (fairy tale), Sage (saga), Erzählung (story), Geschichte (story, history

in Savage worlds
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The melodramatic and the pantomimic
Katherine Newey

History … it is with great concern that we see any deviation from the proprieties illustrative of the course of things and the disturbing devices. … We care not what liberties dramatists take with history, but there is some truth in fairy tales which should not be violated, and least of all when they are converted to Pantomimes, setting before our minds, as they do, in apt resemblances, the doings and undoings, the morals and properties of the great parties in the strife of state. (Examiner, 13 January 1833, pp. 22–3) Leigh Hunt was a great enthusiast for pantomime

in Politics, performance and popular culture
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Lynn Abrams

who have a story to tell. Gossips, ‘old wives’, fireside fairy-tale tellers, the ‘Mother Gooses’ of tale-telling – all have been rediscovered and rehabilitated by feminist writers in the fields of literature, anthropology, ethnology and 35 myth and materiality in a woman’s world folklore studies.47 Women’s historians have adopted eclectic methodologies in order to ‘rescue’ or hear women’s voices and have especially turned to oral history – essentially the telling of stories about the past. Other kinds of texts as well, such as witchcraft narratives and judicial

in Myth and materiality in a woman’s world
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Author: John Potvin

Richly illustrated with over 110 colour and black and white images, the book productively contests the supposedly exclusive feminine aspect of the style moderne (art deco). It explores how alternative, parallel and overlapping experiences and expressions of decorative modernism, nationalism, gender and sexuality in the heady years surrounding World War I converge in the protean figure of the deco dandy. As such, the book significantly departs from and corrects the assumptions and biases that have dominated scholarship on and popular perceptions of art deco. The book outlines how designed products and representations of and for the dandy both existed within and outwith normative expectations of gender and sexuality complicating men’s relationship to consumer culture more broadly and the moderne more specifically. Through a sustained focus on the figure of the dandy, the book offers a broader view of art deco by claiming a greater place for the male body and masculinity in this history than has been given to date. The mass appeal of the dandy in the 1920s was a way to redeploy an iconic, popular and well-known typology as a means to stimulate national industries, to engender a desire for all things made in France. Important, essential and productive moments in the history of the cultural life of Paris presented in the book are instructive of the changing role performed by consumerism, masculinity, design history and national identity.

Protection of animals in nineteenth-century Britain
Author: Diana Donald

This book explores for the first time women’s leading roles in animal protection in nineteenth-century Britain. Victorian women founded pioneering bodies such as the Battersea Dogs’ Home, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, and the first anti-vivisection society. They intervened directly to stop abuses, promoted animal welfare, and schooled the young in humane values via the Band of Mercy movement. They also published literature that, through strongly argued polemic or through imaginative storytelling, notably in Anna Sewell’s Black Beauty, showed man’s unjustifiable cruelty to animals. In all these enterprises, they encountered opponents who sought to discredit and thwart their efforts by invoking age-old notions of female ‘sentimentality’ or ‘hysteria’, which supposedly needed to be checked by ‘masculine’ pragmatism, rationality and broadmindedness, especially where men’s field sports were concerned. To counter any public perception of extremism, conservative bodies such as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals for long excluded women from executive roles, despite their crucial importance as donors and grassroots activists. However, women’s growing opportunities for public work in philanthropic projects and the development of militant feminism, running in parallel with campaigns for the vote, gave them greater boldness in expressing their distinctive view of animal–human relations, in defiance of patriarchy. In analysing all these historic factors, the book unites feminist perspectives, especially constructions of gender, with the fast-developing field of animal–human history.

Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Lindsey Dodd

Of the books produced for children not all were overtly ideological. Many were escapist or animal tales, little different from publications before and after the war.3 More ideological were stories of exemplary lives, cartoon adventures in comics and adaptations of fairy tales.4 A  more formalised propaganda appeared in Vichy’s schoolbooks.5 Yet neither Vichy nor the Germans could rid the country of pre-war books and comics. Children’s books about the Great War, depicting heroic Frenchmen, women, children and animals fighting the hated Boches were abundant, and

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45