have taken the operation of the public–private
dichotomy to be essential to understanding women’s oppression.
2 Feminist critiques of the public–private
The feministliterature on the
public–private distinction has focused primarily on critiquing the
liberal formulation of the public–private distinction. These critiques
fall into three broad strands, of which the first criticises the premises
The ‘Heavy Gang’
Conor Cruise O’Brien later recalled that a detective told him how they had
convinced a suspect to give crucial information in the Herrema case; ‘they
beat the shit out of him’.155 Allegations about such tactics were first aired in
the republican and left press, then taken up by Hibernia and the Sunday World
and finally by the Irish Times. Many of the revelations centred around claims
that a ‘Heavy Gang’ of detectives, based at the Garda Technical Bureau, were
deployed in cases involving subversion. This group routinely
’s arguments and perspective
obsolete and of historical significance only. While the text, or portions of it,
appear as canonical reading within feministliterature, it is used mostly to
demonstrate a stage in the progression of feminist ideas and arguments, so
that, as Nancy Bauer (2004: 116) puts it, reading Beauvoir is equivalent ‘to
genuflecting on your way into the family pew’.
However, reading Beauvoir should not be so readily dismissed or
relegated to feminist annals, especially in a context where feminist politics
has to grapple with the implications of post
Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.
feministliterature (see Butler 2006), gender mainstreaming rests on women as the
subject of gendered security. Gender in peacebuilding has been incorporated
in a way that reproduces stable binaries of man and woman, in turn contributing to their normativity (Kunz 2014). These normative gender ideals produce specifically gendered identities, contributing to their construction and
maintenance through the organisation of activity based on gender dualisms
(see Harding 1986, 17–18). Thus the ‘gender’ contained in UN p
policy and practice is itself both
time. It provides an overview of representations and public discourses surrounding women’s workplace protest found in feministliterature, trade union publications and sociological studies. The rest of
the book identifies the personal implications of these broader social and
political changes for female workers who engaged in collective action
through an analysis of four case studies of workplace disputes organised
by women during this period.
The case studies present four different examples of women asserting
their rights in the workplace. To start, Chapter 2
as the expanding role of the United Nations (UN) in regional conflicts, the increasing cost to the US of expensive military operations, Japan's growing economic power and the fragmentation of the USSR dissipated the Cold War vision of a world divided into East–West binaries.
Feministliterature had an important role in widening the agenda too, by arguing that ‘women’ could be the referent object of security (Hoogensen and Stuvøy 2006 ; Hudson 2005 ; Kennedy-Pipe 2007 ; Tickner 1992; 2001; 2004