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Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

Austro-Hungarian governments; his endeavours were in line with the foreign policies of both countries. More specifically, Kanitz received financial support for publishing his works from the small, newly established Principality and the great, old Empire. His information was important to the Habsburg court for its planned expansion nach Osten – first economic and cultural and, then, potentially, military. At the same time, Serbia saw a chance to promote itself through Kanitz’s writings. The Serbian authorities accepted, helped and honoured Kanitz, and his works were

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

-German context’,27 as an attempt to rally France and its allies against Germany and its allies (Viviers, 1996: 175). And the war’s end did not dissipate FrenchGerman tensions – as France guarded against German expansion in central Europe, so, too, did the French School clash with the German School on the archaeological front (see Fittschen, 1996). Salač was thus admitted into the French School as a representative of Czechoslovakia, as an anti-German ally (or supposed to be such)28 of France, in accordance with French foreign policy. Foreign policy is the correct term to use

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Civil war to prosperity
Roger Forshaw

Year 1 of Psamtek II.1 Foreign policy On the international front Haaibra had to deal with a number of challenges. He was confronted with the aftermath of Zedekiah’s rebellion against Babylon, to which Egypt had previously given its support. Nebuchadnezzar II, who had now dealt with the unrest and internal problems in his empire, marched on Jerusalem and laid siege to it for some two years.2 Haaibra sent an army to assist Jerusalem, but the Egyptian sources are silent as regards this incident, and we have to rely on Ezekiel and Jeremiah. According to Ezekiel (17

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Nekau II and Psamtek II
Roger Forshaw

important part of the Egyptian military machine and played an increasing role in defence as well as being a factor in foreign policy.40 Naval shipping is mentioned in Ashurbanipal’s invasion of Egypt41 and again later in the 26th Dynasty where the phrase ‘royal ships of war’ (aHaw nsw n aHA)42 occurs. Although these may have been large seagoing vessels used as warships, there may also have been Egyptian ramming war-galleys operating in the Mediterranean. These vessels were perhaps present as early as the reign of Psamtek I and similar to those being used by the Greeks and

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC