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Jenny Pickerill

3 Inclusivity and changing organisational forms [T]he constraints to cyberactivism are largely those that hobble other political involvement: commitment, time, money, expertise . . . those who may benefit the most from counterhegemonic uses of the Net may have the least access to it. (Warf and Grimes 1997: 270) In addition to the paradox surrounding their use of computers, environmentalists face problems in gaining access to CMC. Access is obviously a prerequisite for the use of the technology, but the ways in which activists organise their access can reflect

in Cyberprotest
Stavros Stavrides

Commoning architectures 27 2 Commoning architectures Contested common worlds and the role of architecture The role of public space in molding city politics has been extensively theorized and studied. The shaping of citizenship and the establishment of citizen rights have been connected to struggles over and in public space, as well as to discourses that problematize public space as a constituent element of public life. It would be accurate to say that public space has formed the terrain for crises of citizenship more often than it has provided the stable

in Common spaces of urban emancipation
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Environmental activism online
Author: Jenny Pickerill

The politics of cyberspace is of importance both for the future use of computer-mediated communication (CMC) and within traditional political arenas, commerce and society itself. Within Britain there are many different political groups that have a presence online and utilise CMC, including for example members of the far right, human rights advocates, religious groups and environmental activists. This book examines the relationship between the strategies of environmental activist movements in Britain and their use of CMC. It explores how environmental activists negotiate the tensions and embrace the opportunities of CMC, and analyses the consequences of their actions for the forms and processes of environmental politics. It serves as a disjuncture from some broader critiques of the implications of CMC for society as a whole, concentrating on unpacking what CMC means for activists engaged in social change. Within this broad aim there are three specific objectives. It first evaluates how CMC provides opportunities for political expression and mobilization. Second, the book examines whether CMC use has different implications for established environmental lobbying organisations than it does for the non-hierarchical fluid networks of direct action groups. Third, it elucidates the influence of CMC on campaign strategies and consequently on business, government and regulatory responses to environmental activism.

This book explores contemporary urban experiences connected to practices of sharing and collaboration. Part of a growing discussion on the cultural meaning and the politics of urban commons, it uses examples from Europe and Latin America to support the view that a world of mutual support and urban solidarity is emerging today in, against, and beyond existing societies of inequality. In such a world, people experience the potentialities of emancipation activated by concrete forms of space commoning. By focusing on concrete collective experiences of urban space appropriation and participatory design experiments this book traces differing, but potentially compatible, trajectories through which common space (or space-as-commons) becomes an important factor in social change. In the everydayness of self-organized neighborhoods, in the struggles for justice in occupied public spaces, in the emergence of “territories in resistance,” and in dissident artistic practices of collaborative creation, collective inventiveness produces fragments of an emancipated society.

The political aesthetics of boundaries and crossings

This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of images and representation in different borderscapes. It provides fresh insight into the ways in which borders, borderscapes and migration are imagined and narrated by offering new ways to approach the political aesthetics of the border. The case studies in the volume contribute to the methodological renewal of border studies and present ways of discussing cultural representations of borders and related processes. The case studies address the role of borders in narrative and images in literary texts, political and popular imagery, surveillance data, video art and survivor testimonies in a highly comparative range of geographical contexts ranging from northern Europe, via Mediterranean and Mexican–US borderlands to Chinese borderlands. The disciplinary approaches include critical theory, literary studies, social anthropology, media studies and political geography. The volume argues that borderlands and border-crossings (such as those by migrants) are present in public discourse and more private, everyday experience. This volume addresses their mediation through various stories, photographs, films and other forms. It suggests that narratives and images are part of the borderscapes in which border-crossings and bordering processes take place, contributing to the negotiation of borders in the public sphere. As the case studies show, narratives and images enable identifying various top-down and bottom-up discourses to be heard and make visible different minority groups and constituencies.

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On the rocks road
Andrew McNeillie

Epilogue: On the rocks road Andrew McNeillie Figure 27  Bothar na gCreag (photo by Andrew McNeillie). There . . . Preserve us I say From narrow-gauge minds But not narrow roads With green spines Where the heart’s affections 238 Andrew McNeillie Put best foot forward: Between two stone walls Built to the rhythm Of rock-form and contour Of labour and time Straight as a die Dipping in and out of sight Opening and narrowing Ahead behind – behind ahead In threadbare karst country Grown where nothing grows Better than light and lichen Rare alpine, common

in Unfolding Irish landscapes
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Images and narratives on the border
Jopi Nyman and Johan Schimanski

and enduring (171). Simmel compares it to a timeless ‘portrait’ and a ‘work of art’, even pointing to the fact that a bridge will give to a landscape a ‘“picturesque”’ quality (172); he is emphasising the importance of both bridges and doors as artistic motifs. Whilst Simmel is not specifically concerned with one important form of border-crossing, migration, his series of images might evoke it as an underlying ‘master narrative’. One could say that migrants follow routes (paths), they pass through crossing points (bridges), they are excluded and

in Border images, border narratives
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Why gardening has limited success growing inclusive communities
Hannah Pitt

7 Limits to growth? Why gardening has limited success growing inclusive communities Hannah Pitt Introduction As this collection’s introduction highlights, heavy expectations are placed on urban gardens’ ability to advance social and spatial justice. Community is central to these:  as outcomes of garden practices, it is taken as evidence of social inclusion as people form relationships of trust and mutual-​dependence. As both mode of garden activity and mechanism of its achievements, community is seen to represent an inclusive approach to addressing injustice

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
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Stavros Stavrides

Space as potential 5 1 Space as potential Commoning experience What this work attempts to establish is a rethinking of the possibility of human emancipation through a rethinking of space: space considered both as a concrete social reality (city, house, public space, territory) and as a form, a pattern, which is employed, along with other forms, to establish and reproduce the contested meanings of social reality. Space is considered both the locus of experience and a powerful means for constructing thoughts on and representations of what exists. In terms of

in Common spaces of urban emancipation
Open Access (free)
From an ‘infrastructural turn’ to the platform logics of logistics
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos

-based networks of tracking and tracing on the ground contrasted with the grim spectacle seen in the capital of global finance in New York. Between countries, differences were commonly attributed to the particular combinations of strong public health infrastructure, successful state surveillance of private mobility data and social control in places with strong state institutional capacity such as China and Korea, reflecting national political contexts and institutional forms. Clearly, what was at stake was a moment when global forces landed locally, reconfiguring the DNA of

in African cities and collaborative futures