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Sian Barber

• 3 • Film form and aesthetics This chapter offers an introduction to film analysis. Although this work emphasises the importance of film as a cultural and historical object, it is crucial to recognise the textual specificity of film. As the work is partly aimed at those who may not have studied film before, this chapter will outline how to explore visual style and will draw attention to how this is constructed through lighting, staging, performance, camerawork, costumes and music. The focus here is film and, while the examples are predominantly drawn from

in Using film as a source
Refugees and state building in Lithuania and Courland, 1914–21
Klaus Richter

v 2 v ‘A mass which you could form into whatever you wanted’: refugees and state building in Lithuania and Courland, 1914–21 Klaus Richter Introduction When refugees made their way from Russia back to their homes in Lithuania and Latvia at the end of the First World War, they returned to entirely different countries. Ravaged by destruction and the deportation of one-third of the population, the region was barely recognisable. Moreover, what were once provinces on the periphery of the Russian Empire had now been transformed into independent states, striving for

in Europe on the move
Abstract only
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Pacifist feminism in Britain, 1870–1902
Author: Heloise Brown

This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ideas into their writing on women and gender. The book explores feminists' ideas about the role of women within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship, and their ability to act as moral guardians in public life. It shows that such ideas made use – in varying ways – of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of arbitration and other pacifist strategies. The book examines the work of a wide range of individuals and organisations, from well-known feminists such as Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Millicent Garrett Fawcett to lesser-known figures such as the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover.

Rendel Harris
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
C. H. Dodd
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Defining the boundaries of social work, health visiting and public health nursing in Europe, 1918–25
Jaime Lapeyre

8 ‘Some kindred form of medical social work’: Defining the boundaries of social work, health ­visiting and public health nursing in Europe, 1918–25 Jaime Lapeyre Introduction With the devastating losses throughout Europe during World War I, including millions killed and wounded and millions more who contracted tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, the post-war period marked a time of unprecedented public interest in the physical health and well-being of citizens. In response, several national governments enlisted hundreds of nurses and volunteer ‘visitors

in Histories of nursing practice
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Heloise Brown

priscilla peckover 5 Priscilla Peckover and the ‘truest form of patriotism’ 1 A s an organisation with a stated commitment to absolute pacifism, the Peace Society experienced considerable difficulties in working with non-absolutists. The problems were caused by divisions over the role of Christianity in peace principles, and the question of whether some wars could be justified. Indeed, a study of the Peace Society in this period suggests that it was simply impractical to expect pacifists divided by this principle to work together. Yet the work of one of the

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Feminist journals and peace questions
Heloise Brown

‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ 2 ‘The women of the whole world form . . . a unity’: feminist journals and peace questions1 T hrough the debates on physical force, many women active in the feminist movement were drawn to consider wider issues of military conflict and war. Such well-known feminists as Josephine Butler, Millicent Garrett Fawcett, Lydia Becker, Caroline Ashurst Biggs (editor of the Englishwoman’s Review from 1871 to 1889) and Henrietta Müller (editor of the Women’s Penny Paper from 1888 to 1892) intervened in debates about the role of the armed

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’