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Lea Bou Khater

dislodge the inept and corrupt political elite. The former Prime Minister Sa‘ad Hariri, who resigned the previous year, was once again nominated to form a new cabinet. And more than two months later, the domestic investigation into the devastating explosion at Beirut’s port has failed to yield any credible results. The book redirects attention to the role of labour co-optation in diluting and weakening contentious politics and stifling change during social unrest following Lebanon’s waste crisis in 2015 and the October

in The labour movement in Lebanon
Aaron Edwards

Ireland Act (1920): You will know that the legal position is that while the United Kingdom Government is opposed to all forms of discrimination on religious or other grounds, most of the matters regarding which discrimination is alleged in Northern Ireland fall within the field of responsibility of the Northern Ireland Government. 42 The tone of this riposte was typical of the bureaucratic replies sent to the McCluskeys at this time. The fact that the BLP’s General Secretary, Len Williams, passed correspondence on to the Home Secretary, who in turn brought his

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Aaron Edwards

local labour force, low levels of war production, the absence of conscription and Unionism’s general apathy towards civil defence all impacted negatively on the local regime. 4 Doubts were soon raised over the province’s actual contribution to the war effort. True to form, many Unionist leaders began to make the calculated sectarian argument that such despondency was largely attributable to the influx of Southern migrant workers into Belfast. An extension of the British social welfare state to Northern Ireland and the tackling of acute unemployment were huge

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Abstract only
Jonathan Pattenden

9 Conclusion: poverty and class This book has argued for a class-relational approach to labour, state and society in rural India. In doing so it has sought to contribute to ‘analysis of the social conditions of classes of labour in global capitalism, and the challenges their diverse forms of fragmentation present’ (Bernstein 2006:457). In contrast to ‘residual’ and some ‘semi-relational’ approaches to poverty, it has argued that analysis of class relations is central to understanding the conditions of classes of labour and the possibilities for pro

in Labour, state and society in rural India
Sarah Hale
Will Leggett
, and
Luke Martell

Part III Community and the Third Way The idea of community forms a significant part of the positive content of the Third Way. Anthony Giddens, in his account of the Third Way, says that ‘the theme of community is fundamental to the new politics’. 1 For Amitai Etzioni, ‘cultivating communities where they exist and helping them form where they have been

in The Third Way and beyond
Jonathan Pattenden

per cent of more than 600 labouring class households surveyed in 2013–14 primarily made a living through informal wage-labour in agriculture, construction and industry.3 They are, though, integrated into non-agricultural labour markets in markedly different ways. The rural capitalists, with whom they share their villages, also accumulate in different ways, which has implications for how and where labour works and lives, and the forms of control it endures. A number of other variables including caste and political dynamics are interwoven with these patterns of

in Labour, state and society in rural India
Jonathan Pattenden

the analysis. The second question concerns the JMS’s forms of organisation. These have taken three predominant forms: conscientisation, mobilisation and NGO-related livelihood diversification. It is argued here that the last of the three is problematic with regard to the broader goals of movements of the labouring class. JMS mobilisation has focused on gender- and caste-based forms of violence and discrimination, and, increasingly, on improving access to government poverty reduction programmes – most notably the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS

in Labour, state and society in rural India
Aleksander Buzgalin
Andrey Kolganov

Capital of the twenty-first century as a dialectical negation of the previous evolution of capitalism: relations of exploitation Before reviewing the most modern forms of exploitation involving the subordination of creative activity to capital, we should stress that modern capitalism is a complex system involving all the basic ‘layers’ of interaction between labour and capital, in their modern spatial reality, that characterise the historical evolution of the capitalist mode of production. 1

in Twenty-first-century capital
Sam King

monopoly is not central to Third World exploitation. 3 The International Socialist Tendency’s key concept historically has been ‘state capitalism’ – a form of state monopoly. For Monthly Review the key was ‘monopoly capital’ (the monopoly of corporations) and later ‘monopoly finance capitalism’ (of finance over industry). Monopoly is also

in Imperialism and the development myth
Abstract only
Nikki Ikani

substance was and why this particular output came out of the decision-making process. To understand the outcome, I argue, we should consider how institutions and temporal context affected this process. Two factors explaining EU foreign policy change Institutional plasticity When we imagine change to EU foreign policy, I argue, we need to know two things. First, what is the institutional ‘plasticity’ of the policy area? Plasticity refers to the extent to which institutions give form to

in Crisis and change in European Union foreign policy