Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 2,499 items for :

  • Manchester Political Studies x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Lea Bou Khater

dislodge the inept and corrupt political elite. The former Prime Minister Sa‘ad Hariri, who resigned the previous year, was once again nominated to form a new cabinet. And more than two months later, the domestic investigation into the devastating explosion at Beirut’s port has failed to yield any credible results. The book redirects attention to the role of labour co-optation in diluting and weakening contentious politics and stifling change during social unrest following Lebanon’s waste crisis in 2015 and the October

in The labour movement in Lebanon
Aaron Edwards

Ireland Act (1920): You will know that the legal position is that while the United Kingdom Government is opposed to all forms of discrimination on religious or other grounds, most of the matters regarding which discrimination is alleged in Northern Ireland fall within the field of responsibility of the Northern Ireland Government. 42 The tone of this riposte was typical of the bureaucratic replies sent to the McCluskeys at this time. The fact that the BLP’s General Secretary, Len Williams, passed correspondence on to the Home Secretary, who in turn brought his

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Aaron Edwards

local labour force, low levels of war production, the absence of conscription and Unionism’s general apathy towards civil defence all impacted negatively on the local regime. 4 Doubts were soon raised over the province’s actual contribution to the war effort. True to form, many Unionist leaders began to make the calculated sectarian argument that such despondency was largely attributable to the influx of Southern migrant workers into Belfast. An extension of the British social welfare state to Northern Ireland and the tackling of acute unemployment were huge

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Sam King

monopoly is not central to Third World exploitation. 3 The International Socialist Tendency’s key concept historically has been ‘state capitalism’ – a form of state monopoly. For Monthly Review the key was ‘monopoly capital’ (the monopoly of corporations) and later ‘monopoly finance capitalism’ (of finance over industry). Monopoly is also

in Imperialism and the development myth
Abstract only
Nikki Ikani

substance was and why this particular output came out of the decision-making process. To understand the outcome, I argue, we should consider how institutions and temporal context affected this process. Two factors explaining EU foreign policy change Institutional plasticity When we imagine change to EU foreign policy, I argue, we need to know two things. First, what is the institutional ‘plasticity’ of the policy area? Plasticity refers to the extent to which institutions give form to

in Crisis and change in European Union foreign policy
Abstract only
Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

opportunity to have a voice on media platforms, this was usually framed in terms of an assumed victimhood whereby people were presented as spokespeople for a broader collective without any contextualisation of their distinct migratory experiences (Chouliaraki and Zaborowski, 2017 ). 1 It is precisely this absence of the situated voices of people migrating that this book takes issue with. We argue that such a silencing involves a form of epistemic violence against those most directly affected by the preventative policy

in Reclaiming migration
Voices from Europe’s ‘migrant crisis’

Reclaiming Migration critically assesses the EU’s migration policy agenda by directly engaging the voices of Europe’s so-called migrant crisis that otherwise remain unheard: those of people on the move. It undertakes an extensive analysis of a counter-archive of testimonies co-produced with people migrating across the Mediterranean during 2015 and 2016, to document the ways in which EU policy developments both produce and perpetuate the precarity of those migrating under perilous conditions. The book shows how testimonies based on lived experiences of travelling to – and arriving in – the EU draw attention to the flawed assumptions embedded in the deterrence paradigm and policies of anti-smuggling; in protection mechanisms and asylum procedures that rely on simplistic understandings of the migratory journey; and in the EU’s self-projection as a place of human rights and humanitarianism. Yet, it also goes further to reveal how experiences of precarity, which such policies give rise to, are inseparable from claims for justice that are advanced by people on the move, who collectively provide a damning critique of the EU policy agenda. Reclaiming Migration develops a distinctive ‘anti-crisis’ approach to the analysis of migratory politics and shows how migration forms part of a broader movement that challenges the injustices of Europe’s ‘postcolonial present’. Written collectively by a team of esteemed scholars from across multiple disciplines, the book serves as an important contribution to debates in migration, border and refugee studies, as well as more widely to debates about postcolonialism and the politics of knowledge production.

A framework of EU foreign policy change
Author: Nikki Ikani

This book provides readers with an analytical framework that serves to investigate and explain how the EU adapts its foreign policy in the wake of crisis. While a range of studies dedicated to foreign policy stability and change exist for the US context, such analyses are rare for the assessment and measurement of foreign policy change at the European Union level. This book explores a range of theories of (foreign) policy change and assesses their value for explaining EU foreign policy change. Changes to EU foreign policy, this study proposes based upon an in-depth investigation of recent episodes in which foreign policy has changed, are not captured well using existing typologies of policy change from other fields of study.

Offering a new perspective on the question of change, this book proposes an analytical framework focused on how institutions, institutional ‘plasticity’ and temporal context impact on the decision-making process leading to change. It thus provides readers with the tools to analyse, explain and conceptualise the various change outcomes in EU foreign policy. In so doing, it sets the theoretical approach of historical institutionalism to work in an EU foreign policy setting. Based on a rich empirical analysis of five case studies it provides a revised typology of EU foreign policy change. It proposes two novel forms of foreign policy change, symbolic change and constructive ambiguity, as frequent and important outcomes of the EU decision-making process.

Abstract only
Nineteenth-century hot air balloons as early drones
Kathrin Maurer

, exploring the vision field of hot air or gas balloons as technologies of visual flattening. The chapter argues that aerial vision cannot be exclusively understood as a scopic vertical mode of perception based on clear hierarchies, binaries, and oppositions. Rather, aerial vision is complex, incorporating many different perspectives, angles, and modes of seeing, with flattening crucial among them. 6 Flattening indicates a specific mode of executing power through vision. No longer is it the vertical form of power exclusively. Rather, the flattened image executes a de

in Drone imaginaries
Power on hold
Author: Lea Bou Khater

The labour movement in Lebanon narrates the history of the Lebanese labour movement from the early twentieth century to today. Trade unionism has largely been a failure, because of state interference, tactical co-optation and the strategic use of sectarianism by an oligarchic elite, together with the structural weakness of a service-based laissez-faire economy. The Lebanese case study holds wider significance for the Arab world and for comparative studies of labour. Bou Khater’s conclusions are significant not only for trade unionism, but also for new forms of workers’ organisations and social movements. The failure of trade unions reveals a great deal about Lebanon’s current political moment and how it got there, but also how events are set to affect future movements. The book challenges the perceived wisdom on the rise of the labour movement in the 1950s and 1960s and its subsequent fall during the post-war period from the 1990s onwards. What is perceived as a fall after the end of the civil war was merely the intensification of liberal economic policies and escalating political intervention, which had already been in place since independence in 1943. Hiding under the guise of preserving sectarian balances, the post-war elite incorporated the labour movement into the state to guarantee their command of the hollowed-out state. Beyond controlling the labour movement to avoid a challenge to the system, the post-war period was characterised by political forces, using the General Confederation of Workers in Lebanon (GCWL) as an instrument in their disputes over power, rents and benefits.