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Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

, it but serves to emphasize the reports, which for several months past have been reaching the outer world, of conditions which obtain in the stricken areas. ( Record , 1922b : 151–2) Although it is impossible to know how the audience felt retrospectively, we can reflect on the injunctions to feel and care made in the films. The controversial films discussed above stand close to another visual genre – that of atrocity images. As with certain photographic cases used in transnational networks – who denounced abuses in the colonies ( Twomey, 2012 ) – atrocity images

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The end
Alexander Spencer

political phenomena outside of the romantic story genre. The story of the book The theoretical and methodological contribution of this work has been to illustrate the narrative nature of international politics. The book has argued that the idea of a narrative adopted from literary studies and narratology is helpful as it offers both an explanation for why narratives matter in the first place as well as providing a conceptual framework for the empirical analysis of narratives. Narratives are important for international politics from both a cognitive and a cultural

in Romantic narratives in international politics
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The life, death, and rebirth of drone art
Arthur Holland Michel

pattern of emergence and evolution is not unique to drones, nor is the course of works responding to it unique to drone art. All technologies raise challenging questions. All technologies evolve. Therefore, the arc of drone art is a valuable object lesson for how art about technology emerges, flourishes, evolves, fades and, ultimately, becomes something else. Drone ‘surfacing’ For those who have tracked the drone art movement closely, it is hard not to feel that the genre’s golden years have come and gone. Today, drone art in its original community-building form

in Drone imaginaries
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A social evolutionary perspective on diplomacy
Author: Iver B. Neumann

This book complements extant histories of diplomacy by discussing change in the form of tipping-points, understood as the culmination of long-term trends.

The first part of the book discusses social evolution on the general level of institutions. The diplomatic institution has undergone four tipping-points: between culturally similar small-scale polities, between culturally different large-scale polities, permanent bilateral diplomacy, and permanent multilateral diplomacy. The consular institution has seen three: the emergence of the consul as the judge of a trading colony, the judge as a representative of the state, and the imbrication of the consular institution in unitary foreign services. The second part challenges extant literature’s treatment of diplomacy as a textual affair and an elite concern. It lays down the groundwork for the study of visual diplomacy by establishing diplomacy’s visual genres, discussing how diplomats spread images to wider audiences and drawing up a taxonomy of three visual strategies used for this purpose: a hegemonic and Western strategy, a national strategy, and a strategy that is spiteful of Western hegemony. Two case studies discuss the evolving place of the visual in one diplomatic practice, namely accreditation, and the importance of the social imagination. One possible evolutionary effect of the latter seems to be as a lair of hibernation for the otherwise threatened idea that diplomacy is not about dialogue but about the confrontation between good and evil. The book concludes by seeing the future of diplomacy in a continued struggle between state-to-state-based diplomacy and diplomacy as networked global governance.

Alexander Spencer

these settings are individually and subjectively constituted, they draw on culturally embedded story genres which are commonly shared throughout society and are thereby intersubjective. A setting is, however, never complete, as it cannot show or describe the whole ‘story world’ or universe in which the story is taking place. It always has to leave spaces which can be filled by the reader’s or viewer’s imagination. 28 Romantic narratives in international politics In addition, the setting is not only a passive background picture which provides the colourful backdrop

in Romantic narratives in international politics
Thomas Stubblefield

In their focus on possible identities, meanings and events, the martial networks of US drones enact a shift from producing a definitive world picture to overseeing the ground from which such representations emerge. The mobilization of data that makes this possible, conflicts with the historical goals of surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Rather than identifying discrete individuals, the kill chain collects the partial traces of metadata in order to produce the actors necessary for a strike. These relations allow drones to penetrate the world directly, to work through and as instead of upon its objects. In this way, drone power shifts from the symbolic to the ontological; its operations become one of world-making. Using work by Trevor Paglen, Noor Behram and others, this chapter examines the ways in which the above relations resurface in the context of drone art and the larger attempt of this genre to reimagine its subject by way of this convergence.

in Drone imaginaries
The case of Harry Potter’s realms
Iver B. Neumann

The English language has three tenses in the realis mood. The previous chapters have been devoted to two of them, past and present, and the following and final chapter will look at the third, the future. However, in addition to the realis mood, there is also the irrealis mood, which charts what might have been, might exist elsewhere, might come – that is, what is not (yet) real. This matters to our understanding of diplomacy, for most people will only experience diplomacy second hand, be that through news media (a realis genre) or through sundry

in Diplomatic tenses
Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir
Emily Bauman

: A Peace Corps Chronicle that helped promote participation in the US Peace Corps. 1 As the industry has become entrenched as a third player permanently integrated into global relations, humanitarian memoir has become a fast-growing genre. For both the relief and development industries memoir is admirably suited as an ambassador from the field to the larger public, oriented as it is to personal

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
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Once upon a time …
Alexander Spencer

for “a narrative,” because what matters to us are individual narrative genres’ (Ryan 2007: 32), such as tragedy, comedy or in this case romance. To show the intertextuality and persistence or relative absence of narratives and in particular romantic narratives, the empirical chapters of this book will focus on three realms of political narrative in Germany, Britain and the United States of America. This will include the narratives told by the political elite in parliamentary debates and speeches, media narratives found in print news media as well as cultural

in Romantic narratives in international politics
P. G. Wodehouse, transatlantic romances in fiction, and the Anglo-American relationship
Finn Pollard

American money, appearing to mirror a significant contemporary phenomenon in the relationship, only to frustrate those unions – a narrative strategy that contrasted both with reality and rival fictional narratives of the period. Wodehouse’s development of the Anglo-American theme in his writings intersected with the contemporary fictional genres of the boys’ school story and the transatlantic romance. As he deepened and complicated his fictional transatlantic representation, he was also building a transatlantic literary career and the beginnings of living arrangements

in Culture matters