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C. E. Beneš

reader to the genre of the Italian civic chronicle and the history of medieval Genoa as well as to Jacopo da Varagine, his career, and his literary corpus, all of which are necessary to understand why Jacopo's chronicle works the way it does and what Jacopo was trying to do in writing it. The chronicle's present status as one of Jacopo's ‘minor works’—quoted mainly for what Jacopo says in part twelve about his own scholarly

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa

This book provides the first English translation of the Chronicle of the city of Genoa by the thirteenth-century Dominican Jacopo da Varagine (also known as Jacobus de Voragine). While Jacopo is better known for his monumental compilation of saints’ lives, the Golden legend, his lesser known Chronicle of Genoa exemplifies the important medieval genre of the civic chronicle. The work mixes scholarly research about the city’s origins with narrative accounts based on Genoese archival sources, more didactic and moral reflections on the proper conduct of public and private life, and personal accounts of Jacopo’s own experience as archbishop of Genoa from 1292 until his death in 1298. Divided into twelve parts, the work covers the history of Genoa from its ancient origins up to Jacopo’s own day. Jacopo’s first-hand accounts of events in which he himself participated—such as the great civic reconciliation of 1295, over which he himself presided—provide a valuable contrast to the more scholarly and didactic sections of the work. Together they form an integrated, coherent approach to urban history, which illustrates some of the most important styles of historiography in the Middle Ages.

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Mayke de Jong
Justin Lake

quotes it extensively in both books (mostly towards the beginning of Book 1 and the end of Book 2) and presumably derived the Epitaphium ’s two-book structure from it as well. The De excessu is an example of the consolatio , a genre with deep roots in classical literature, in which the author or speaker sought to assuage his own grief and that of his audience by developing a set of standard themes, e.g., that death brought an end to suffering, that all men are mortal and that the prospect of a better life awaited the soul after death. 95 The ancient consolatio

in Confronting crisis in the Carolingian empire
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Rachel Stone
Charles West

of quotations, drawn from a remarkable range of sources. Historians are often inclined to categorise medieval texts into genres (‘canon law’, ‘patristics’, ‘hagiography’ and so on), and to some extent medieval manuscripts bear these categories out, but Hincmar was not trapped within these categories, and used whatever texts seemed to him authoritative and relevant

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
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David Jones

of more workaday matters and provide vivid snapshots of medieval life in the broadest sense. Exemplum -collectors and preachers were fully aware of the value of using material familiar to the layman from his daily experience which would drive home the lesson intended more forcefully. The exemplum genre is therefore of key importance for the history of lay as well as ecclesiastical attitudes

in Friars’ Tales

The saints' Lives in this book were written in Italy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Here translated into English and in full for the first time, they shed light on the ways in which both lay men and women sought God in the urban environment, and how they were understood and described by contemporaries. Only one of these saints (Homobonus of Cremona) was formally canonised by the Pope: the others were locally venerated within the communities which had nurtured them. Earliest in date were Homobonus of Cremona and Raimondo Palmario of Piacenza, near-contemporaries and inhabitants of neighbouring cities, who died in 1197 and 1200 respectively; the latest was Enrico ('Rigo') of Bolzano, who died in Treviso in 1315. This was a period of rapid demographic and economic growth in the Italian urban environment; it witnessed much social and political upheaval, accompanied by religious change. Miracle collections are important hagiographical genre for some saints. The miracles which Umiliana de' Cerchi did in the first three years after her death and her posthumous appearances to her devotees were separately recorded, constituting, together with the Life, a hagiographical dossier. Umiliana and Pier Pettinaio were associated with the Franciscans, while Homobonus and Raimondo Palmario lived and died before 'the coming of the friars'. The Lives of both Pier Pettinaio of Siena and Rigo of Bolzano were written some time after their deaths, apparently to satisfy local and community pietas. There is no cross-reference between the Lives of Zita of Lucca and Rigo of Bolzano and their extensive miracle collections.

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P. J. P. Goldberg

. 11. ‘Impossible to Trust Women’. Language: English. Date: later fifteenth century. The unsubtle irony of this poem, typical of this genre of antifeminist verse, may still tangentially reflect social practice. Translated from Davies, ed., Medieval English Lyrics . … To the tavern they will not go, Nor to the alehouse never the more, For, God knows

in Women in England c. 1275–1525
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Andrew Rabin

-century has witnessed a number of scholars arguing for or against particular Wulfstanian attributions. 71 In the absence of historical or contextual evidence, the principal forms of proof brought to bear on such arguments concern Wulfstan’s distinctive prose style. Although Wulfstan’s writings encompass a range of genres, his rhetorical practices remained largely consistent. Accordingly, even as Wulfstan is

in The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York
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Janet L. Nelson

annals, with all that that genre implies of restricted vision. The scope of the AB embraces a realm, and beyond that a world that stretches from Constantinople to Cordoba, from Sicily to Sweden. Its authors’ perspective is that of palace clergy and bishops rather than monks, and their primary concern is with the deeds of secular rulers and prelates. Yet the AB were not produced at any ruler

in The Annals of St-Bertin
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Simon MacLean

. Genre and design As mentioned, the Carolingian era witnessed a surge of interest in the reading of old histories and the writing of new. This activity encompassed a variety of formal genres, among which Regino’s Chronicle is usually classified as a universal or world chronicle. 37 The father of this genre was the early fourth-century bishop and scholar Eusebius of Caesarea, whose chronicle was made

in History and politics in late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe