indefinitely nor to abolish it once and for all; it means to execute it in reflective
fashion, which is to say, with repugnance for its execution.
I. The Fate of Law
The genre of tragedy and the institution of law are genetically
and structurally interlinked: Tragedy is the genre of law; law is
the justice of tragedy. It is accordingly not only the themes and
plots of tragedy that are juridical; so is its genre-s pecific makeup.
Justice is also at issue in the pre-tragic epic. But there, justice
reigns as fate, whereas tragedy, by virtue of its form, stages the
newsletter that produced an
eight-page special issue on ‘The Seventieth Anniversary of the Bombing
of La Délivrance, 10 April 1944’.5 Speaking of bombing to me and with
others, taking part in research and education, has helped to shift the constriction. Trauma needs a listener, and the impact of war on these French
children deserves to be heard.
1 A. Portelli, ‘Oral history as genre’, in The Battle of the Valle Giulia, p. 6.
2 D. Voldman, La Reconstruction des villes françaises de 1940 à 1954
(Paris: L’Harmattan, 1997), p. 35.
3 Popular Memory Group, ‘Popular
divided memories into sub-genres, several of which are relevant when
considering the nature of oral history and childhood memory.36 First, the
memories related in the interviews were autobiographical memories, and
memories of bombing are likely to be ‘flashbulb’ memories: a particular
type of autobiographical memory with a strong and highly personal significance. Berntsen and Thomsen found that when remembering distant
events, those with a strong emotional connection tended to be recalled
vividly and in more detail. Second, oral history deals with
Derian takes the Hollywood spy genre as his entry
point, associating it with official US national security discourses
to show how the positing of conspiratorial threats actually shores
up sovereignty in the face of a complex and contingent world that
always threatens to undermine it. 40 Initially, Der Derian links the spy genre
to a broader socio-cultural circumstance familiar from the
[exaggeration] in religion is perhaps worse than too little’; suras 4:171 and 5:77; also sura 20:81. The source for ignorance is based on sura 7:138 and 7:33.
27 The ghuluw literature is vast and is a genre in itself. I have used Khalid bin Hamad al-Kharif, al-Ghuluw fi-l-din wa atharuhu fi-l-umma (Extremism in religion and its influence on the umma) (Riyadh: Maktaba al-Rushd, 2005), and sections in Aba al-Khayl, Mawqif al-Mamlaka , and al-’Aqil, al-Irhab afat al-‘asr .
28 Al-Kharif, al-Ghuluw fi-l-din , p. 22.
29 Ibid. , p. 22
Freeman’s Ottoman Power it is necessary, here, to briefly consider the history of British representations of the Ottoman Empire. As a kind of ‘sub-genre’ of writing on Western Orientalism more generally, there is now an emerging body of literature which focuses specifically on this issue. Perhaps the most comprehensive survey is that of Asli Çırakman, who has studied British and continental European encounters with Turkey between the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1456 and the end of the eighteenth century. 7 Based on her reading of a wide range of travelogues
‘commonly accepted conventions of their literary genre’. 139 ‘Far more than in previous centuries’, Momigliano writes,
[The universal historians] recognised the possibility that their typology, rather than providing criteria for the description and classification of successive ages of mankind, would lead to the partition of mankind into several co-existing groups or races, each with its own permanent features … Universal history as a history of co-existing human groups – that is, a history of concurrent and competing permanent groups, each with its own permanent
within a genre of foreign affairs commentary that situates
conspiracy thinking as endemic not just in Pakistan or the
Arab-Muslim world, but also in a range of different cultural
settings like, for instance, Iran, 3 Turkey 4 and Russia. 5
This chapter aims to situate the Arab-Muslim paranoia
narrative in relation to a common-sense understanding of conspiracy
theory pervasive in
The notion that Catholics deserve their suffering or have not suffered
enough or at all is typical of this genre. One woman’s belief that
nobody was shot in Derry on Bloody Sunday and that the bodies of the
dead were those of IRA men taken from deep freezes having been killed
previously is a good example of this. 95
What is significant in this
for a rather unsophisticated anti-communist novel that sought to raise awareness of the communist menace for Catholics through the genre of the adventure novel.
At the 1945 discussion meeting on ‘the problem of the Atlantic Community’, Ross Hoffman gave the opening address. In his introductory remarks, he got right to the heart of the paradox of the Atlantic Community, as advanced in Catholic circles: namely, that many of the members of this community were not on the Atlantic Ocean at all. ‘On first thought it may appear a little odd that a