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Khaled Abou El Fadl

My lecture will focus on the interface and tensions between the human rights tradition and the Islamic tradition, particularly Islamic law. What is the ‘Islamic tradition’ and, more particularly, the Islamic legal tradition? Islamic law stands in a paradoxical position vis-à-vis the human rights tradition. Western scholars have argued that the roots of the human rights tradition are to be found in Judaeo-Christian Natural Law, and more specifically, in the Natural Rights tradition. 1 In my view, after post-Enlightenment Christian thought, the Islamic

in ‘War on terror’
Conor Gearty

uncommon occurrence as is obvious from a perusal of the recent annual reports from Amnesty 5 and Human Rights Watch 6 – it nevertheless cannot be described as terror or terrorist action because those terms have now come to be invariably applied to sub-state actors. Even worse, this kind of terror by the state might find itself with luck and a bit of careful spin being reclassified as counter-terrorism, in other words as inherently good in the same way that terrorism is inherently bad. The evolution of the term ‘terrorism’ from a description of a kind of

in ‘War on terror’
Abstract only
The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2006
Editor: Chris Miller

'Terror' is a diffuse notion that takes no account of local particularities and 'war on terror' is a contradiction in terms. This book is based on the lectures that were given on the subject in Oxford in 2006. Amnesty has described 'war on terror' as a war on human rights. It is also a contest of narratives: stories that the protagonists tell about themselves, about their enemies, and about what is happening now. The book considers how the recent actions of the United States have stressed and stretched two areas of international law: the right of self-defence, and the rules of international humanitarian law. State terrorism, with a bit of careful spin, can be reclassified as counter-terrorism, in other words as inherently good in the same way that terrorism is inherently bad. The book engages with the politico-conceptual difficulties of distinguishing between war and terrorism. The interface and tensions between the human rights tradition and the Islamic tradition, particularly Islamic law, is discussed. The intensification of Western repression against Islamic thinkers or activists has at times been coupled with policies that seemed designed to change the religious trajectory of society. The sexualization of torture is only one way in which the 'war on terror' has delineated who is (and who is not) human. Religion, human rights, and trauma narratives are three other mechanisms for rationalizing suffering. The book also discusses the subject of censuring reckless killing of innocent civilians by the issue of fatwas by Muslim teachers.

This book examines the changing role of victims of crime in the Irish criminal process. It documents the variety of ways in which victims of crime are now being written into the criminal process discourse and practice in Ireland, while taking account of existing challenges. The book seeks to show how the justice system is emerging from hegemonic dominance and examines the conditions which have made their re-emergence possible and the commitments, practices and strategic priorities shaping this inclusionary momentum. It demonstrates how the paradigm of prosecuting and investigating crime moved from an intensely local, unstructured and victim-precipitated arrangement to a structured, adversarial, state-monopolised event where the accused was largely silenced and the victim was rendered invisible. The book documents the black-letter, technocratic details of how victims have been juridically provided for since the late 1980s in Ireland. It then focuses on service rights which complement the legal rights which victims of crime have been afforded in Ireland. The book also charts the challenges which continue to face service users, providers and the wider criminal justice sector in the delivery of services which are responsive to the needs of victims and meet increased demands under the EU Directive on Victims' Rights. Innovative policy options adopted in other jurisdictions, including the creation of an Ombudsman for Victims of Crime and measures to unify service provision within the sector, including Witness Care Units, are also explored.

Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

2.1 When we are ill we want to be treated by competent doctors – that is why debates about regulation of the medical profession are so crucial. However, we may also wish to assert our own rights, especially in the context of decision-making. In the 2015 Supreme Court decision of Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board , 1 Lord Kerr and Lord Reed highlighted the effects of human rights discourse on the doctor–patient relationship: [P]atients are now widely regarded as persons holding rights, rather than as the passive recipients of the care of the medical

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
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Nigel D. White

within it, it has developed this power in the post-Cold War era to impose targeted sanctions against NSAs including individuals. The impact of general sanctions against states such as Southern Rhodesia, Iraq, Serbia and Libya is analysed, especially their effect on the human rights of the population (for example the right to health). The applicability of human rights norms to the UN is discussed. The Security Council has more recently favoured targeted sanctions against individual leaders or NSAs held responsible for threats to the peace but these, in turn, have raised

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
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Silvia Salvatici

debate of legal scholars, political commentators and international relations experts on so-called humanitarian interventions. This debate progressively extended and, as we know, concerned in particular the legitimacy of military actions defending human rights. It is a question that became crucial once again during later analogous armed interventions, such as that in Libya in 2011, ratified by the United Nations Security Council and once again conducted by a coalition of NATO countries. The use of armed humanitarian intervention was accompanied by the formulation of the

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
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Pan-African Peacebuilder
Janice Golding

protection of the natural environment, and for her “contribution to sustainable development that embraces democracy, human rights and women’s rights”. 2 She was also the first woman from Africa to be honoured with the prize. Of the 97 individuals awarded the Nobel Peace Prize before Maathai, only 12 had been women. 3 As one of Africa’s most charismatic leaders, Wangari taught and inspired hundreds of thousands of people to improve their quality of life by protecting the natural environment. In drawing inspiration from nature and dedicating

in The Pan-African Pantheon
Ben Cohen and Eve Garrard

peoples and movements that aspire to do so. We draw a firm line between ourselves and those left-liberal voices today quick to offer an apologetic explanation for such political forces. 3 Human rights for all We hold the fundamental human rights codified in the Universal Declaration to be precisely universal, and binding on all states and political movements, indeed on everyone. Violations of these rights are equally to be condemned whoever is responsible for them and regardless of cultural context. We reject the double standards with which much self

in The Norman Geras Reader
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

Criminal Procedure Act 2010. It is submitted that the re-emergence of the crime victim in Ireland was due to four principal influences that created pressure on the Irish government to alter the status of crime victims. These principal influences were: (1) victimology research; (2) the victims’ movement; (3) the recognition and expansion of human rights; and (4) crime became a national election issue, with a contemporaneous decrease in public satisfaction with the criminal justice system. The first three influences were international in character and the fourth

in The victim in the Irish criminal process