The notion of humanrights describes
what it is to be human and defines the ‘rock bottom of human
Humanrights law challenges the traditional state-centred scope of
international law, giving individuals and groups, otherwise with very
restricted access to the international legal system, the possibility of
This book argues for greater openness in the ways we approach human rights and international rights promotion, and in so doing brings some new understanding to old debates. Starting with the realities of abuse rather than the liberal architecture of rights, it casts human rights as a language for probing the political dimensions of suffering. Seen in this context, the predominant Western models of right generate a substantial but also problematic and not always emancipatory array of practices. These models are far from answering the questions about the nature of political community that are raised by the systemic infliction of suffering. Rather than a simple message from ‘us’ to ‘them’, then, rights promotion is a long and difficult conversation about the relationship between political organisations and suffering. Three case studies are explored: the Tiananmen Square massacre, East Timor's violent modern history and the circumstances of indigenous Australians. The purpose of these discussions is not to elaborate on a new theory of rights, but to work towards rights practices that are more responsive to the spectrum of injury that we inflict and endure.
Dancing human rights
We have seen that ever since Isadora Duncan entered the stage of political dance, various instances of sic-sensuous have been performed on
the stage of the argument by bodies contracting into themselves and
releasing to other bodies, moving and being moved. Those bodies
affirm their equality to other bodies –whether the dancing bodies they
intervene against, or bodies inhabiting other worlds that deem them
unequal. From Martha Graham’s audiences who are uninvited spectators to the gumboot dancers in South Africa and the flash mob
Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy provides an up to date and accessible overview of the field, and serves as a practical guide to those seeking to engage in human rights work. Pease argues that while human rights are internationally recognised, important disagreements exist on definition, priority and implementation. With the help of human rights diplomacy, these differences can be bridged, and a new generation of human rights professionals will build better relationships.
The Union is
founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for
humanrights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law,
principles which are common to Member States. TEU Article
THE IDEA OF humanrights covers a complex and fragmentary terrain. As R. J. Vincent comments near the beginning of his work on humanrights in international relations, ‘humanrights’ is a readily used term that has become a ‘staple of world politics’, the meaning of which is by no means self-evident (1986: 7). After glossing the term as the ‘idea that humans have rights’ (1986: 7) – a deceptively simple approach – Vincent notes that this is a profoundly contested territory, philosophically as well as politically. This is not surprising, as
Humanrights and humanitarian diplomacy is the bargaining, negotiating, and advocating process involved with promoting and protecting international humanrights and humanitarian principles. This diplomacy is also a secondary mechanism for discovering or defining new rights and principles. For centuries, diplomacy in general was the exclusive preserve of states. States use diplomacy as a foreign policy tool to achieve complicated and often competing goals. Today, humanrights and humanitarian diplomacy is conducted on many levels by individuals who
Humanrights and humanitarian diplomacy takes place on many different levels and through a variety of channels. Previous chapters have explored how states, IGOs, and NGOs institutionally conduct diplomacy to advance humanrights and humanitarian principles. Prominent individuals working for these institutions, or who have taken high profile public stances, have been discussed in tandem to show the importance of individuals in defining and advancing respect for international humanrights and principles. This chapter is devoted to the humanrights and
In his memoirs, Jimmy Carter has underlined how his personal attention to humanrights had a long history that preceded his announcement to run for the Democratic nomination on 12 December 1974. Similarly, many historians have pointed out that his commitment to humanrights was rooted in his strong moral and religious beliefs, as well as in the experience of the civil rights movement. The humanrights campaign, Carter’s speechwriter Hendrik Hertzberg wrote, was “pure Jimmy”. 1 However, humanrights became a specific theme that qualified Carter’s platform for
During the 1970s, humanrights gained unexpected and sudden prominence in international politics. Discussions of humanrights were everywhere, providing a vocabulary to oppressed religious groups, national minorities and political dissidents, as well as workers’ or women’s groups. However different these claims were, they all converged on making humanrights the central concern of the decade. As popular as the concept was, it was also a contested one.
For many activists around the world, humanrights offered a tool to transcend political divisions on behalf