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The Smith College Relief Unit, Near East Relief and visions of Armenian reconstruction, 1919–21
Rebecca Jinks

, Florence Snow, Helen Thayer and Helen Whitman. 5 See A. D. Krikorian and E. L. Taylor’s data compilation and analysis, ‘Ninety-six Years Ago Today’, Armenian News Network , 16 February 2015, (accessed 20 March 2020). 6 B. Little, ‘An Explosion of New Endeavours: Global Humanitarian Responses to Industrialized Warfare in the First World War Era’, First World War Studies 5:1 (2014), 1–16. 7 For example, special issue of First World War Studies 5:1 (2014); D. Rodogno, ‘Non-state Actors’ Humanitarian Operations in the

in Aid to Armenia
Modern mobilities and ancient thalassocracies in the Mediterranean Sea
Andonea Jon Dickson

of the Mediterranean. There is also a significant number of humanitarian operations that have, over recent years, contributed to the complexity of connectivity at sea. While not all are still presently active, these humanitarian operations have included: Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS), Sea-Watch, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), as well as Jugend Rettet, Proactiva Open Arms, Sea-Eye, Save the Children, and

in The Sea and International Relations
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control
Pierluigi Musarò

conditions’. 33 The Italian navy and the compassionate repression A similar integration of humanitarian and security responses within a common ‘emergency frame’ can be explored through the representation strategies and discursive practices enacted by the Italian navy since the launch of the operation Mare Nostrum. 34 The military-humanitarian operation – targeted at both rescuing

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Kelly-Kate Pease

Human Rights Litigation in U.S. Courts , 2nd edition (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2008), 434. 15 “Office of Global Justice,” accessed October 1, 2014. . 16 See “Humanitarian Operations,” accessed April 25, 2014. . 17 See The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federation of Russia, “The Report on the Human Rights Situation in the European Union,” December 6, 2012, accessed August 1, 2014. . For analysis of the report see

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Kathryn Nash

manage a conflict that had the potential to de-stabilize the region. 29 The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) authorized by Resolution 794 was comprised predominantly of US troops with approximately 20 other states contributing smaller contingents. It began arriving in December 1992, and at its height was made up of about 37,000 troops under US command, authorized to use all necessary means to secure areas for humanitarian operations. The success of UNITAF is debatable. While it was able to ensure the delivery of some humanitarian aid, it was not able to operate in all

in African peace
Adjusting to life after the Cold War
Kerry Longhurst

opposing political stances on the crucial issue of what Germany’s new security role should and could be. The legalistic debate centred around articles 24 (entry to a system of collective security) and 87a (defensive purposes or for any other explicitly outlined role only) of the Basic Law, which in the existing interpretation, as discussed in chapter 2, had codified the Bundeswehr’s role as limited to one of defence within NATO area only or for overtly humanitarian operations.13 The rupture of 1989–90 gave renewed political topicality to the issue of the spatial remit of

in Germany and the use of force
Vicki Squire
Nina Perkowski
Dallal Stevens
, and
Nick Vaughan-Williams

very different experiences according to the routes taken by people on the move. Many of those travelling on the central Mediterranean route were unaware of the military-humanitarian operations referred to by Garelli and Tazzioli ( 2018a, 2018b ). For this reason, none of the people we spoke with discussed being deterred from leaving the shores of Libya in fear of encountering and being contained by military-led operations at sea. Their testimonies cast doubt on the veracity of claims that widespread awareness of search and

in Reclaiming migration
Kelly-Kate Pease

, and medical services to millions of starving people. Eventually, a UN peacekeeping force took over stability operations in 1993; however, the partnership between the United States and UN would be tested as a UN operation under independent US military command (to capture a warlord) led to the deaths of eighteen US servicemen. As dramatized in the US film Black Hawk Down , the bodies of these servicemen were mutilated and dragged through the streets of Mogadishu. These events were broadcast around the world on CNN and would color future humanitarian operations in

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Juvenile actors and humanitarian sentiment in the 1940s
Michael Lawrence

Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), established in 1946, represent the organisation’s global humanitarian operations during and immediately following the war. Maurice Pate, UNICEF’s first Executive Director, made his candidacy conditional on the organisation’s committing to proide relief to children from the former Axis countries (see M. Black, The Children and the Nations: Growing

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou
Michael J. Tsinisizelis
Stelios Stavridis
, and
Kostas Ifantis

. Defence against invasion – defence of our vital interests: these are NATO’s essential tasks. But Europeans can and must respond to other demands in Europe and beyond: peace keeping, crisis management, humanitarian operations, sanctions enforcement.’65 The foregoing discussion shows that European national responses to the end of the Cold War were conditioned by the highly institutionalised European environment. Not only that, but European governments promoted ‘institutionalisation’, albeit in different forms (adaptation, reform, consolidation, etc.). This, however, does

in Theory and reform in the European Union