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‘Shared experiences and meanings’
Carol Acton
Jane Potter

, DC. While medical histories have traditionally focused on the factual and concrete, our analyses of the accounts discussed here emphasise the interdependence of experience and emotion, and it is in exploring this interdependence that we find reflected specific commonalities. Although we separate the wars under discussion into their own chapters, in bringing them together collectively, similarities, more than differences, become increasingly visible. Looking at the experiences of trauma and the attendant methods of coping through which the medical personnel

in Working in a world of hurt
Nathan Wolski

interdependence of these terms and explore some of the consequences when we begin to deconstruct these structuring concepts. Although the suitability of the ‘frontier paradigm’ for Australian contexts has been questioned before, 3 the term frontier has nevertheless come to be synonymous with the contact period. Despite its centrality in contact historiography, it is exceptionally rare to

in Colonial frontiers
David Doyle

Catholics. Their very increase in the US lent gradual force to their outlook. In 1900, certainly half of America’s twelve million Catholics were of Irish birth or descent. In 1995, around fifteen million held they were so, among sixty-five million US Catholics, if by then, only one-third of all Irish-descended Americans reported themselves as Catholic.9 If the Irish Catholic self-image in North America thus took only partial account of transatlantic realities, their strong sense of the interdependence of faith and ethnicity was well warranted before 1940. II The year 2008

in Irish Catholic identities
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Mary A. Procida

, riding and games’ playing were sanctioned and encouraged by their spouses. Anglo-Indian women’s involvement in sports in the Indian empire – in particular, their aptitude for hunting and shooting – reveals the interdependence and interaction of the social construction of gender and the dictates of British imperialism. However, Anglo-Indian women’s use of firearms

in Married to the empire
Abstract only
Kevin O’Sullivan

media – particularly television – their activities bypassed the state to create a link between peoples across a variety of different countries and continents, and forced governments to live up to newly defined standards of conduct. These ideas of an international society are nothing new, of course, for international relations theorists – or at least those of a constructivist persuasion. Yet their arguments are worth exploring further when writing the diplomatic history of the Cold War. As ideas of ‘interdependence’, ‘transnationalism’ and ‘international regimes’ took

in Ireland, Africa and the end of empire
Jonathan Smyth

paramount, practical politics, even when based on such lofty ideals, were likely to be more opportunistic than moral. There is also no firm evidence that he really believed it would be possible to impose on society what Furet called ‘Robespierre’s absurd principle’,26 an idealised system where there would be transparency and interdependence between history, political action and public morality. The open question remains whether Robespierre consciously believed that the imposition of some recognisably ‘religious’ system would counteract what he saw as the potentially

in Robespierre and the Festival of the Supreme Being
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson
Amsalu Aklilu
Shiferaw Bekele
, and
Samuel Shiferaw 

The documents from 1883 are strongly dominated by correspondence between local rulers along the coast and in Danakil and the representatives of the Italian government. The most important documents are the treaties between Italy and Awsa and Italy and Shewa, clearly revealing the interdependence between the rulers of Shewa and the rulers of the Danakil, the basic issue being secure and free trade routes and Italian hegemony over other European interests. A number of letters from Emperor Yohannis to European rulers show the increasing Ethiopian impatience with continued European support for Egypt after its defeat in the wars of the 1870s, and an interesting letter demonstrates the Emperor’s concern over the growing cooperation between King Minīlik and the Italians.

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Family dynamics in the Pendle witch trials
Jonathan Lumby

This chapter analyzes the network of relationships and motivations among the accusers and accused in the Pendle area, shedding light on the related trial of Jennet Preston of Gisburn. The chapter explores the question of what disposed gentry and magistrates in the Lancashire and Yorkshire borderland to promote the destruction of the Pendle witches in 1612. Two men of considerable standing in the society of those parts instigated the persecution: Roger Nowell and Thomas Lister. Close investigation reveals the interdependence of the two trials. The gentry accusers and magistrates in both cases were part of the same Protestant social network, and both had family experience of suffering at the alleged hands of witches. The families from the hill-country were crushed between the millstones of two different perceptions of the nature of witchcraft, millstones set on their dire motion by traumas in the families of the instigators. A whole web of connections, with many suggestions of family intrigue and manipulation is uncovered, bringing out an individual perspective on family breakdown, persecution and victimization.

in The Lancashire witches
Ireland, the EC and southern Africa
Kevin O’Sullivan

This chapter extends the key themes of chapter six – the ‘fire brigade’ response to Afro-Asian radicalism, and the growing influence of the international anti-apartheid movement – into a new decade. It shows that the principles that allowed the ‘fire brigade’ to gain prominence in earlier years were re-shaped to fit a changing international context in the 1970s. In the Irish and Danish cases that meant using their progressive approach on issues such as apartheid and minority rule to shape new identities for themselves as members of the European Community (EC) from 1973. While those core values were being re-articulated and re-defined at official level, anti-apartheid movements in Europe and North America continued to be a thorn in the side of the South African, Rhodesian and Portuguese regimes. This chapter describes the 1970s as a time of ever-increasing integration and inter-dependence in the campaign against minority rule, and asks, what impact did that have on Irish politics and society?

in Ireland, Africa and the end of empire
America, Europe, and the crises of the 1970s
Ariane Leendertz

the future National Security Adviser, Brzezinski, there would be no ‘community of the developed nations which can effectively address itself to the larger concerns confronting mankind’. 44 In light of new, common problems and increasing interdependence, especially in the sphere of economic integration, better coordination and new forms of collective management appeared to be necessary. 45 As Schaetzel, the Ambassador to the European Community, wrote about the so-called ‘Nixon shock’, that is the administration’s unilateral decision to cancel the US dollar

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered