Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 101 items for :

  • "interdependence" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Abstract only

Cities have been missing from analyses of the crisis and debates about how to generate a sustainable recovery. Illuminating recent trends and emerging risks, Cities and Crisis is about the future, starting where we are.

A fresh assessment is needed of what has changed since 1990 and what has not, of policy assumptions about urban economies, of the lessons of experience. Cities and Crisis looks at the strengths and weaknesses of macro-economic and sectoral policies to guide urban development in both declining and growing cities and regions.

Without higher levels of urban innovation and infrastructure investment, growth will remain below potential.

Stronger urban economies is not our only challenge. We can expect more frequent and more costly environmental, health, and even economic crises. Cities and Crisis frames a discussion of the vulnerability of cities, resilience, and the limits of domestic regulation to cope with mega-disasters and cross-border risks.

The urban transformation which covers what must change in cities, to reduce the infrastructure deficit, improve productivity, and cope with emerging and known risks, must accelerate from the historical trend of 1-2% to 3-4% per year. This is unlikely to happen as long as governments seem unable to set out a vision of the future of cities. The urban agenda, including security and cross-border risks, will have a major impact on nation-states in the 21st century.

The level of uncertainty must be reduced if people are to have confidence to invest for the future. The West has always resolved once-in-a-century crises with a paradigm shift that speaks to our collective fears and hopes. Drawing on dozens of OECD reports on economic, environmental and governance, Cities and Crisis provides a “long-term, big-time” framework to put cities at the centre of policy.

Enzo Mingione

18  Enzo Mingione The double movement and the perspectives of contemporary capitalism 1 The perspectives of contemporary capitalism The current financial and economic crisis of industrialised countries, which started in 2008, has made the interpretation of our societies more difficult. We are in an uncertain and dynamic phase, characterised by high rates of growth in some emerging large countries (China, India and Brazil, up to 2015), high levels of economic interdependence and competition on a global scale, strong de-standardisation trends, increasing social

in Western capitalism in transition
The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.

State, market, and the Party in China’s financial reform
Author: Julian Gruin

Over more than thirty years of reform and opening, the Chinese Communist Party has pursued the gradual marketization of China’s economy alongside the preservation of a resiliently authoritarian political system, defying long-standing predictions that ‘transition’ to a market economy would catalyse deeper political transformation. In an era of deepening synergy between authoritarian politics and finance capitalism, Communists constructing capitalism offers a novel and important perspective on this central dilemma of contemporary Chinese development. This book challenges existing state–market paradigms of political economy and reveals the Eurocentric assumptions of liberal scepticism towards Chinese authoritarian resilience. It works with an alternative conceptual vocabulary for analysing the political economy of financial development as both the management and exploitation of socio-economic uncertainty. Drawing upon extensive fieldwork and over sixty interviews with policymakers, bankers, and former party and state officials, the book delves into the role of China’s state-owned banking system since 1989. It shows how political control over capital has been central to China’s experience of capitalist development, enabling both rapid economic growth whilst preserving macroeconomic and political stability. Communists constructing capitalism will be of academic interest to scholars and graduate students in the fields of Chinese studies, social studies of finance, and international and comparative political economy. Beyond academia, it will be essential reading for anyone interested in the evolution of Chinese capitalism and its implications for an increasingly central issue in contemporary global politics: the financial foundations of illiberal capitalism.

Will inter-dependence reshape rules for the twenty-first century?
Josef W. Konvitz

10 Cities and nation-states in the urban age: will inter-dependence reshape rules for the twenty-first century? Hope: putting cities first in policy to make cities safer In this last chapter, the nation-state, which has been almost as visible as the city in a book about cities, takes on greater importance. In the twentieth century, governments and their policies arguably had a greater impact on cities than cities had on governments; in the twenty-first century, cities and the challenges they face may turn out to reshape international relations and national

in Cities and crisis
Michael Parker and Micaela Ghisleni

according to rationally established principles can be criticised in a number of ways. The psychologist Carol Gilligan, for example, has questioned the claim that rationality constitutes the pinnacle of moral development on empirical grounds.9 Gilligan argues that to place too much emphasis on rationality as the basis for morality is to run the risk of neglecting the important roles of interdependence, emotion and caring in the moral life. She argues that Piaget, Kohlberg (and by implication Rawls too10) neglect the importance of these aspects of morality in their accounts

in From reason to practice in bioethics
Abstract only
Martha Doyle

those on low income or disrupted work contracts, are likely to be negative. The young, the unemployed, even carers may not fit neatly into the ‘productive’ category and solidarity across generations is therefore likely to be undermined if it revolves around one’s formal productive contribution to the state. Willimson and Watts-Roy (2009) outline how the intergenerational ideological debate can be articulated from a ‘generational interdependence’ or a ‘generational equity’ perspective. The former perspective holds that older people have a stake in policies which are

in The politics of old age
From Manchester United as a ‘global leisure brand’ to FC United as a ‘community club’
George Poulton

the Tobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea, and also to the work of Mauss (1954 [1925]). These accounts focused on how gift exchange was characterised by the creation of enduring obligation between transactors and of relationships of reciprocal interdependence. Gregory’s (1982) work built on these ideas to develop a contrasting theoretical analysis between commodity exchange and gift exchange. Gregory characterises gift exchange as an exchange between transactors in a state of reciprocal dependence and as establishing personal qualitative relations between those

in Realising the city
Doris Leibetseder

certain legal and bureaucratic processes. The paradox of reproductive bioprecarity for gay cis men As Ulrika Dahl points out in Chapter 3 of this volume, there is a paradox in the understanding of bioprecarity when it comes to LGBTIQ reproduction, family- and kin-making. This paradox consists of the interdependence of the family or kin members in their giving and taking of intimate labour instead of (sometimes as well as) their biological labour. Dahl highlights another paradox of reproductive bioprecarity in the example of privileged white gay men, who have

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Marcel Stoetzle

that which is regular and safe, although we are rarely aware of it, rests upon the three great systems of social will which I define as order, law, and morality. The two functions last mentioned, the legal and the moral orders or systems, are the fully developed types of the first one. (8) We are confident that we can predict the other person’s volitions and actions because we trust that there is order which comes, among other things, in the shape of law and morality. From here Tönnies moves to a discussion of interdependence. Interdependence refers

in Beginning classical social theory