While medical histories have traditionally focused on the factual and
concrete, our analyses of the accounts discussed here emphasise the interdependence of experience and emotion, and it is in exploring this interdependence that we find reflected specific commonalities. Although we
separate the wars under discussion into their own chapters, in bringing
them together collectively, similarities, more than differences, become
increasingly visible. Looking at the experiences of trauma and the attendant methods of coping through which the medical personnel
Fourth, responsibilities are important. Finally, an ethic of care requires a
rejection of abstract moral rules. In discussing the concept of interconnection,
Herring states that ‘emphasising interdependence and mutuality means that
the division between carer and cared for dissolves’ (2013: 166). This suggests
that within this understanding of the ethic of care it is appropriate to view
those in a caring relationship as one unit. Herring refers to ‘give and take’ in
the carer and cared for relationship and highlights the importance of seeing
decisions in the
Associating animals with urban success and failure, 1880–1900
slaughterhouses and the live cattle market would bring improvement. The proliferation of bye-laws to control animals, even when the Corporation failed to enforce them, created the potential for a powerful municipal administration in the future. 8 Yet the resistance to these changes reflected not only cleaving to tradition but also an idea of the modern city as a place of economic opportunity and freedom.
Fin-de-siècle Dublin was certainly an ‘anthrozootic city’, a ‘city made by the close interaction and interdependence of humans and animals’. 9 People also used animals to
Lunacy investigation law and the asylum reconsidered
James E. Moran
67 NJSA, EC, CCP, Certificates of Lunacy/Non-Criminal Commitments, Case of Eva D., 1853.
68 Ibid .
69 Ibid .
70 Ibid .
71 NJSA, EC, CCP, Certificates of Lunacy/Non-Criminal Commitments, Case of Rachel C., 1853.
72 NJSA, EC, CCP, Certificates of Lunacy/Non-Criminal Commitments, Case of Benjamin B., 1853. For an excellent analysis of the wide array of responses to madness, and their interdependence, in seventeenth- and eighteenth
contained a number of
vicious circles made worse by the tendency to attribute all that went
on in the hostel to the warden’s personality. Overall, then, Sinclair’s
research revealed the dependence of probation hostels on the warden
and matron, the almost parental qualities required of these members
of staff and the interdependence of staff and residents. The ‘quasifamily institution’ was very variable and its success depended on
relationships. Their tensions, crises and moods placed a strain on the
staff, and this was in contrast to larger, more bureaucratic, institutions
From colonial to cross-cultural psychiatry in Nigeria
Matthew M. Heaton
its contributions to decentring historical narratives and in its emphasis on blurring conventional boundaries between peoples and places to focus on shared characteristics and experiences, mutual interdependence and relationships between the local, global and ‘glocal’ (Hopkins, 2002 ; Manning, 2003 ; Mazlish and Buultjens, 1993 ). I contend that efforts to develop histories of global mental health, and of global health more generally, should actively interrogate the relationship between these layered perspectives and, in so doing, integrate the history of global
Deaf people as objects of research, reform, and eugenics,
Marion Andrea Schmidt
mental or social hygiene, childhood studies, or mental testing. In their verdict about various groups of ‘defectives’, eugenicists drew heavily from psychology, anthropology, medicine, and other disciplines that established physical, intellectual, gender, or moral norms. Placing the Clarke School and its research in a larger framework of social reform and scientific developments, this chapter offers a history of eugenics, disability, and the interdependence between promises of passing as non-disabled on the one hand, and the exclusion of deaf people’s perspectives on
The French human sciences and the crafting of modern subjectivity,
heal the mind or to find out something about the interdependence of the physical and the moral. The kind of subject proffered by the human sciences was marked by an authoritarian relation between experts and the human beings whom they viewed as objects of research, who were at once potentially dangerous and in need of care. This combination of anxiety and care enabled the emergence of two approaches to the problem of control: welfare and the human sciences. And this modern subject, conceived on the basis of mistrust, accordingly reappears as an object of research and
professional authority involves
mediating jurisdictional claims between different professions.
In following Abbott, we see that the history of club regulation
hinges on the interdependence of professions. We cannot fully
The origins and endurance of club regulation 25
account for the emergence and strength of club regulation without
studying the ‘hands-off’ approach that other professionals adopted
when they considered medical and scientific practices. This is especially true of those professions and academic fields that later constituted bioethics, such as law
Carry on, as we had
hoped to do.” ’61
It is not just absence imposed by censorship then, that is noteworthy
in writing published during the war, but what is present in the form of a
rhetorical impulse to impose an affirmative narrative of stoicism on the
trauma story, particularly one which reassures both writer and reader
that the horrific circumstances being witnessed are politically and morally necessary. Leslie Buswell’s 1917 memoir characteristically attests
to the interdependence of potential breakdown with determined resilience: ‘it has been good to be here in