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Admir Jugo and Senem Škulj

International interventions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, that ultimately brought the war to a standstill, emphasised recovering and identifying the missing as chief among the goals of post-war repair and reconstruction, aiming to unite a heavily divided country. Still, local actors keep,showing that unity is far from achieved and it is not a goal for all those involved. This paper examines the various actors that have taken up the task of locating and identifying the missing in order to examine their incentives as well as any competing agendas for participating in the process. These efforts cannot be understood without examining their impact both at the time and now, and we look at the biopolitics of the process and utilisation of the dead within. Due to the vastness and complexity of this process, instead of a conclusion, additional questions will be opened required for the process to keep moving forward.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
International peacebuilding consortiums in Nagorny Karabakh, 2003–16
Laurence Broers

In the early 1990s the appearance of a small, war-ravaged and unrecognised Armenian republic in the South Caucasus created a new context in the history of international interventions in Armenian crises. 1 The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), proclaimed on 2 September 1991, was one of several cases of unilateral secession challenging Soviet successor states, in this case Azerbaijan. 2 These secessions were contested in small but often vicious wars, characterised on all sides by violations of the human rights of civilian populations on a massive scale. Their

in Aid to Armenia
Philip M. Taylor

– and, following a series of air strikes on Serb army positions, the Americans bombed President Milosevic to the negotiating table and at last brokered a peace agreement known as the Dayton Peace Accords. An interesting twist to this entire story emerged when veteran BBC reporter Martin Bell argued in his memoirs that the reporting of the Balkans conflict had been too detached and that it had accordingly failed to prompt serious international intervention to stop the slaughter. That a supposed objective reporter working for a public service broadcaster should call for

in Munitions of the Mind
Abstract only
Jo Laycock and Francesca Piana

post-Soviet ‘de facto statehood’ international responses to conflict and displacement have been transformed and have assumed new practices and priorities. Here ‘peacebuilding’ has emerged as the principle means of carving out a neutral space for international intervention – no easy task in what continues to be a highly charged political context. As a whole, this volume demonstrates the importance of carefully contextualising humanitarian interventions within specific political, social, economic, ideological and gendered contexts. The case of Armenia provides a

in Aid to Armenia
Abstract only
The effectiveness of aid in the face of repeated mass atrocities
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

situations that called for forceful diplomatic action, or even military intervention to protect civilian lives. 13 MSF, along with other charitable agencies, made it clear that it refused to be the ‘humanitarian alibi’ for this ‘inaction on the part of the international community’, a political stance confirmed in June 1994 when the organisation campaigned for an international

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

without endangering the medical teams? Could the United Nations be persuaded to carry out an armed international intervention to contain the former soldiers, militia and their leaders by keeping them away from the other refugees? In October 1994, while one section no longer judged this solution to be possible, the others carried on believing in it for several months more. The camps in Tanzania were a

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

whole people and the systematic murdering of thousands. Milosevic’s actions flew in the face of the efforts of half a century of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Union and NATO to reconcile nations, peoples, and promote human rights and tolerance.10 NATO’s action was in line with a more recent trend in history in the direction of greater international intervention on behalf of humanitarian values, as witnessed for instance in the creation of an International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague a few years earlier.11 This new

in Destination Europe
The cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India
Niels Brimnes

articulate opposition represents the exception and has largely been an elite phenomenon, it points to a least two important tensions in modern Indian society: between universal science and cultural distinctiveness and between international intervention and national integrity. The four cases analysed each provide a distinctive illustration of how immunisation and the opposition to it was culturally constructed and

in The politics of vaccination
José Álvarez-Junco

/06/2011 11:06 An identity in search of a purpose 295 recent international intervention of any relevance, namely, the fierce popular resistance to the Napoleonic occupation which had been a far from negligible factor in the final collapse of the Emperor. The ‘War of Independence’, the pride of modern Spanish patriotic sentiment, was known abroad as the Peninsular War or la Guerre d’Espagne – just another of Bonaparte’s campaigns – and the whole world attributed the victory over the Corsican to the Duke of Wellington. ‘Who put up such a heroic resistance to Rome at

in Spanish identity in the age of nations
Anna Bocking-Welch

not only had a clear impact on the operational decisions made by Christian Aid, it also affected how the organisation sought to demonstrate the importance of its work to the British public. The death of Christian missions and the rise of imperial critiques Christian Aid may have started life as a relief agency in war-ravaged Europe, but it was also keen to lay claim to a much longer history of religious international intervention. This had important implications for how supporters conceptualised their relationship to the

in British civic society at the end of empire