International interventions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, that ultimately brought the war to
a standstill, emphasised recovering and identifying the missing as chief among the goals
of post-war repair and reconstruction, aiming to unite a heavily divided country. Still,
local actors keep,showing that unity is far from achieved and it is not a goal for all
those involved. This paper examines the various actors that have taken up the task of
locating and identifying the missing in order to examine their incentives as well as any
competing agendas for participating in the process. These efforts cannot be understood
without examining their impact both at the time and now, and we look at the biopolitics of
the process and utilisation of the dead within. Due to the vastness and complexity of this
process, instead of a conclusion, additional questions will be opened required for the
process to keep moving forward.
Actors and institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus and Northern
composition of Yugoslavia’s population, 1991’, Yugoslav
Survey, 33:1 (1992), cited in R. M. Hayden, ‘Imagined communities and real victims:
self-determination and ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia’, American Ethnologist, 23:4
32 S. Bose, Bosnia after Dayton: Nationalist Partition and InternationalIntervention
(London: Hurst, 2002), 216.
33 R. Belloni, ‘Peacebuilding and consociational electoral engineering in Bosnia and
Herzegovina’, International Peacekeeping, 11:2 (2004), 336.
34 S. Sebastián, Post-war Statebuilding and Constitutional Reform: Beyond Dayton
Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North
internationalintervention forces ‘in transit’ through the camps. In this way, camps become ‘transit points’ of refuge to these arriving global actors.
Scholarship on refugees has naturally tended to focus the analytical lens on refugees on-the-move or as static inhabitants of camps. But what of those others who move through the camps, which here I have referred to as visitors and foreigners? Analytical distinctions of the global and the local help to open up new ways of seeing the various actors on the ground. The Sahrawi
been thought to be ill-treatment see ‘The Torture Tree’ published in The Nation , 26 December 2005, 28–9.
35 The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2004). (See for a longer critique from which some extracts are drawn here, C.A. Gearty, ‘With a Little Help From Our Friends’, Index on Censorship 34 (2005), 46–51.)
36 The Lesser Evil (note 35), 34.
37 Ibid., 8.
38 Ibid., 144.
39 D. Chandler, From Kosovo to Kabul and Beyond: Human Rights and InternationalIntervention
S. D. Krasner, ‘Sovereignty and Intervention’,
in G. M. Lyons and M. Mastanduno (eds), Beyond Westphalia? State Sovereignty
and InternationalIntervention (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,
Croxton, ‘The Peace of Westphalia of 1648 and the
Origins of Sovereignty’, 569–91; S. Beaulac, ‘The Westphalian
Legal Orthodoxy – Myth or Reality
the Issue of InternationalIntervention in the Wake of the Napoleonic
Wars’, in B. Simms and D. J. B. Trim (eds), Humanitarian Intervention: A
History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 131–2.
Marriott, The Eastern Question , 209; Temperley,
The Foreign Policy of Canning , 326–7; Anderson, The Eastern
Question , 58; Clayton, Britain and the Eastern Question , 46; Brewer,
of the infringement of an external mining company on the ancestral
and sacred lands, and documents the tangle of domestic legal provisions triggered as the Subanon community sought to assert its rights
in the absence of its free, prior and informed consent to the operations. The effectiveness of the CERD procedures form the axle of the
piece, as it assesses the necessity for internationalintervention, why
CERD became the focal point for this, and the positive and negative
consequences of the Committee’s reactions. It further charts the