businesses to set up and then run their own
schools, free from local authority control (see Wright, 2012 ; Higham, 2014 ).
Third, the National Citizen Service was established for 16- to
17-year-olds as a voluntary, personal and social development programme
(see Mycock and Tonge, 2011 ; Mills and Waite, 2017 ). Fourth, the Big Society Bank was launched
under the name Big Society Capital, as an independent social investment