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Making race, class and inequalityin the neoliberal academy
Author: Christy Kulz

Over half of England's secondary schools are now academies. The social and cultural outcomes prompted by this neoliberal educational model has received less scrutiny. This book draws on original research based at Dreamfields Academy, to show how the accelerated marketization and centralization of education is reproducing raced, classed and gendered inequalities. Urbanderry is a socially and economically mixed borough where poverty and gentrification coexist. The book sketches out the key features of Dreamfields' ethos before reflecting on the historical trajectories that underpin how education, urban space and formations of race, class and gender are discussed in the present. Academies have faced opposition for their lack of democratic accountability as they can set their own labour conditions, deviate from the national curriculum and operate outside local authority control. The book examines the complex stories underlying Dreamfields' glossy veneer of success and shows how students, teachers and parents navigate the everyday demands of Dreamfields' results-driven conveyor belt. It also examines how hierarchies are being reformulated. The book interrogates the social and cultural dimensions of this gift that seeks to graft more 'suitable' forms of capital onto its students. The focus is on the conditions underlying this gift's exchange with children, parents and teachers, remaining conscious of how value is generated from the power, perspective and relationships that create the initial conditions of possibility for exchange. Dreamfields acts as a symbolic and material response to the supposed failures of comprehensive education and public anxieties over the loss of nationhood and prestige of empire.

Academies, aspiration and the educationmarket
Christy Kulz

aspiration’ (DCFS, 2009; Adonis, 2008). Former Minister of State for Education Lord Adonis described how these schools would build aspirational cultures and act as ‘engines of social mobility and social justice’ at the ‘vanguard of meritocracy’ (Adonis, 2008). Poverty is not framed as a structural problem, but born out of ‘cultures of low aspiration’. Academies have faced opposition for their lack of democratic accountability as they can set their own labour conditions, deviate from the national curriculum and operate outside local authority control. Urbanderry is a

in Factories for learning
Abstract only
Author: David Whyte

This book explains the direct link between the structure of the corporation and its limitless capacity for ecological destruction. It argues that we need to find the most effective means of ending the corporation’s death grip over us. The corporation is a problem, not merely because it devours natural resources, pollutes and accelerates the carbon economy. As this book argues, the constitutional structure of the corporation eradicates the possibility that we can put the protection of the planet before profit. A fight to get rid of the corporations that have brought us to this point may seem an impossible task at the moment, but it is necessary for our survival. It is hardly radical to suggest that if something is killing us, we should over-power it and make it stop. We need to kill the corporation before it kills us.

Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

hold before their customers, which lead them to exert downward pressures Labour segmentation and precariousness in Spain 141 on labour conditions; and the social valuation of these jobs where outsourced can often be conflated with meanings about ‘low-skilled’, ‘simple’ and unimportant activities, which have a damaging impact on these workers’ bargaining capacity. But this same situation can be seen in the subcontracting of activities of other kinds. In some cases, outsourcing allows subcontractor companies to operate in collective agreements more appropriate to

in Making work more equal
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Gabriele Griffin and Doris Leibetseder

this phenomenon. In Precarious Rhapsody Franco Berardi ( 2009 a) discusses the ways in which contemporary labour conditions are structured to produce not just fear, but panic, partly as a result of the information overload that the infosphere produces and that is no longer processable by humans. However, bodily interventions through intimate labour are not entirely regulated through the infosphere or the technosphere. In many instances such interventions occur at the interface between individuals who interrelate in the process of those interventions, and larger

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Between emancipation and stigma
Patrícia Alves de Matos

from all over the world. This is what precarity is – it’s both a condition of exploitation and an opportunity (Foti 2004 (my italics)) As Gerald Raunig ( 2007 ) argues, there is a subtle difference of discourse between the first demonstrations in the French McDonald’s restaurants and the emancipation discourse proclaimed by Foti. In 2000, the aim was to protest against precarious labour conditions, whereas in later discourses, the ‘precariat’ has claimed visibility for itself; it has changed from something to be prevented to a self-designation. This claim

in Disciplined agency
Jane Humphries

the persistence of the working-class family’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1:3 (1977) 241–258. Reprinted in Held, D. and Giddens, A. (eds), Class Conflict and Power: A Reader (London: Macmillan), pp. 470–91. Humphries, J. and Rubery, J. (1984), ‘The reconstitution of the supply side of the labour market: the relative autonomy of social reproduction’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 8:4, 331–46. Humphries, J. and Weisdorf, J. (2015), ‘The wages of women in England, 1260–1850’, Journal of Economic History, 75:2, 405–47. Kenyon, N. (1962), ‘Labour conditions in

in Making work more equal
Capital’s insatiable need to destroy
David Whyte

Bellamy Foster and his colleagues concluded that this was a typical example of “ecological imperialism” that brutally gave impetus to the “enormous net flow of ecological resources from South to North” and facilitated labour conditions that Marx called “worse than slavery”.43 Crucial to this story was that the extraction of guano from Peru’s islands and coastline was organised by colonial trading companies. The trade 86 WHYTE 9781526146984 PRINT.indd 86 29/06/2020 14:40 From colonialism to ecocide to Britain was organised by Anthony Gibb and Son (now part of the

in Ecocide
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Gabriele Griffin and Doris Leibetseder

struggle. (Precarias a la deriva, 2004 : n.p.) Our concept of bioprecarity follows on from their intent to communicate their precarious work and life positions, as we analyse different situations dealing with bioprecarity and how those thus precarized handle their precarious situations. The concept of the precariat became widely known during the massive protests in France in the winter of 2006 against the dismantling of the French and European welfare states (LaVaque-Manty, 2009 ). Guy Standing ( 2011 ) popularized the term to describe new labour conditions (see

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
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Material methods for exploring food and cooking
Sarah Marie Hall, Laura Pottinger, Megan Blake, Susanna Mills, Christian Reynolds, and Wendy Wrieden

through a series of production and consumption practices has been of intense interest to social scientists, particularly for how it intersects with ideas about workers’ rights and labour conditions, waste and resource use, and the cultural place of consumer goods in everyday life. Here, the commodity is depicted as having a ‘lifespan’ or a ‘life history’ (Appadurai, 1986 ; Cook et al . , 2004 ; Cook, Crang and Thorpe, 2004 ), stretching from the processes of production onwards. This progression of food as material, from raw product to disposal (as the product

in Mundane Methods