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Nicola Ginsburgh

January 1948, p. 1. 190 ‘Suggestion to Improve Native Labour Conditions’, Rhodesia Herald , 9 April 1948, p. 11. 191 Vambe, Rhodesia to Zimbabwe , p. 245. 192 Lessing, Going Home , p. 252. 193 Granite Review , December 1942, p. 12. 194 Minutes of the 1946 RRWU Conference , p. 149. 195 ‘African Trade Unions’, RRR , November 1946, p. 3. 196 Samkange, ‘Rhodesia Labour Party’, pp. 53–90. 197 ICOMM: pp.zw.srlp. 1, Memo Re. Split SRLP from RLP, p. 1. 198 ICOMM: pp.zw.rlp.RLP.1938, Constitution, p. 2. 199 Ibid. 200 ‘The Labour Party vs

in Class, work and whiteness
Martin Thomas

of between four per cent (French Guiana) and nine per cent (Martinique). 16 At the end of the inter-war period, as at the beginning, recourse to increased taxation flowed naturally from the overriding need to balance budgets. Labour supply Colonial governments generally regulated workers’ employment terms and labour conditions

in The French empire between the wars
Frances Steel

employment of indigenous sailors on USSCo. steamers equally objectionable. Although trading from Australia or New Zealand into the Pacific could not be classed as coasting, in these trades it became the norm to maintain coasting labour conditions and, hence, white labour. In 1884 the USSCo. removed all Islander labour from ships trading between Auckland and islands in the Pacific. The

in Oceania under steam
Gordon T. Stewart

compare conditions of life and labour in this country with those obtaining in Dundee’. They reminded their Dundee audience that the Royal Commission on Labour of 1890 set up by the Government of India had found nothing wrong with labour conditions in the Calcutta mills. The IJMA presented the Calcutta mills as a great boon to the poorer classes of Bengal. ‘The Jute Mills in Bengal’, they admonished the

in Jute and empire
Frank Uekötter

response, tappers could turn to independent suppliers or switch dealers, but the location of their trade severely limited their range of options. In fact, quite a number of tappers eventually realised that they were operating at a loss. 6 Labour conditions in the Amazon became subject to international scrutiny when the muckraking British weekly Truth began to publish a series of

in Sites of imperial memory
The African tour of the Portuguese crown prince in 1907
Filipa Lowndes Vicente and Inês Vieira Gomes

colonization’. 37 In stark contrast to international accusations of slavery-like recruitment and labour conditions, the official narrative was thus one about the civilising nature of work and the exemplary conditions in which it took place among an estimated 66,000 people transferred from Angola to São Tomé between 1876 and 1904. 38 Work, like religion – which was invoked in other contexts – embodied the transforming nature of the

in Royals on tour
Central African medicines and poisons and knowledge-making in the empire, c.1859–c.1940
Markku Hokkanen

involved the Lomwe, recent migrants from Mozambique. 64 Lomwe workers were later characterised as being particularly unwilling to report sickness by colonial officials investigating labour conditions in Cholo district in 1931. 65 Despite the generalising nature of such colonial statements, there may have been pronounced suspicion towards colonial authorities and health

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
Anandi Ramamurthy

groups by 1900 about slave-labour conditions on the cocoa estates of two Portuguese controlled islands, Sao Thomé and Principe, off the coast of West Africa. Sao Thomé cocoa was known to be of good quality and although Cadbury’s and other cocoa manufacturers did not buy cocoa direct from the islands, a third of the cocoa from Sao Thomé was imported into England in the 1900s and

in Imperial persuaders
Anandi Ramamurthy

contexts of images, although I realise that it is not always possible to analyse advertising images in this way. Soap advertising enables an exploration of the soap companies’ interests in the palm oil resources of West Africa. Cocoa advertising reveals company interests in raw materials, as well as specific kinds of labour conditions. Tea marketing enables company interests in particular kinds of production

in Imperial persuaders
Abstract only
Wharf labourers and the colonial port
Frances Steel

blunders year after year as we do’. 56 Indigenous workers also influenced the course of this developing industry through demands for improved labour conditions. From the early 1900s, the USSCo., rather than the colonial state, met increasing demands for travel and food allowances to and from Suva and provided housing for men during their employment in town. In 1911 translated

in Oceania under steam