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Imogen Richards

-led multinationals led to the implementation of labour conditions that disadvantaged local populations ( War on Want 2017 ). While these impacts are not often cited by politically violent actors, including neo-jihadists, they show how economic expropriation is experienced by the disadvantaged LDC populations to which spokespersons for AQ and IS, imprecisely though explicitly, refer ( Bin Laden 2007 ; Naji 2006 , 101; Al Hayat 2015a ). The harmful impacts of labour conditions in deregulated industries are illustrated by the fires in Pakistan and Bangladesh between 2010 and

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism

Karl Polanyi (1886–1964) returned to public discourse in the 1990s, when the Soviet Union imploded and globalization erupted. Best known for The Great Transformation, Polanyi’s wide-ranging thought anticipated twenty-first-century civilizational challenges of ecological collapse, social disintegration and international conflict, and warned that the unbridled domination of market capitalism would engender nationalist protective counter-movements. In Karl Polanyi and Twenty-First-Century Capitalism, Radhika Desai and Kari Polanyi Levitt bring together prominent and new thinkers in the field to extend the boundaries of our understanding of Polanyi's life and work. Kari Polanyi Levitt's opening essay situates Polanyi in the past century shaped by Keynes and Hayek, and explores how and why his ideas may shape the twenty-first century. Her analysis of his Bennington Lectures, which pre-dated and anticipated The Great Transformation, demonstrates how Central European his thought and chief concerns were. The next several contributions clarify, for the first time in Polanyi scholarship, the meaning of money as a fictitious commodity. Other contributions resolve difficulties in understanding the building blocks of Polanyi's thought: fictitious commodities, the double movement, the United States' exceptional development, the reality of society and socialism as freedom in a complex society. The volume culminates in explorations of how Polanyi has influenced, and can be used to develop, ideas in a number of fields, whether income inequality, world-systems theory or comparative political economy. Contributors: Fred Block, Michael Brie, Radhika Desai, Michael Hudson, Hannes Lacher, Kari Polanyi Levitt, Chikako Nakayama, Jamie Peck, Abraham Rotstein, Margaret Somers, Claus Thomasberger, Oscar Ugarteche Galarza.

Transnational resistance in Europe, 1936–48
Editors: Robert Gildea and Ismee Tames

This work demonstrates that resistance to occupation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during the Second World War has to be seen through a transnational, not a national, lens. It explores how people often resisted outside their country of origin because they were migrants, refugees or exiles who were already on the move. It traces their trajectories and encounters with other resisters and explores their experiences, including changes of beliefs, practices and identities. The book is a powerful, subtle and thought-provoking alternative to works on the Second World War that focus on single countries or on grand strategy. It is a ‘bottom up’ story of extraordinary individuals and groups who resisted oppression from Spain to the Soviet Union and the Balkans. It challenges the standard chronology of the war, beginning with the formation of the International Brigades in Spain and following through to the onset of the Cold War and the foundation of the state of Israel. This is a collective project by a team of international historians led by Robert Gildea, author of Fighters in the Shadows: A New History of the French Resistance (Faber & Faber, 2015). These have explored archives across Europe, the USA, Russia and Israel in order to unearth scores of fascinating individual stories which are woven together into themed chapters and a powerful new interpretation. The book is aimed at undergraduates and graduates working on twentieth-century Europe and the Second World War or interested in the possibilities of transnational history.

Harry Blutstein

the Second World War have endeavoured to harness international cooperation to address non-­economic issues like protection of human rights, labour conditions and the environment, and the improvement of human health. Only during the late 1990s did the idea that globalisation needed to be civilised take root as a conscious strategy. Notes  1 J. Bové and F. Dufour, The World Is Not for Sale: Farmers Against Junk Food (London: Verso, 2001), p. 5.  2 W. Northcutt, ‘José Bové vs. McDonald’s: The Making of a National Hero in the  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11

in The ascent of globalisation
Neil Collins and David O’Brien

conditions are now open to scrutiny and potential loss of brand image. As a result, domestic policies around labour conditions reflect foreign anxieties as well as local pressures. Embarrassment at low rankings in international standards measures can also expedite policy change. Cases of poor quality in food imports and foreign restaurant chains are also publicised in China as a way of ‘measuring’ the progress made under the strict new laws and regulations. The need for the Party-State to be seen to protect its citizens from the cyclical economic patterns that have

in The politics of everyday China
Keeping watch on the Communists 1933–39
Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

before his arrival in Britain in 1936. In 1931, his name had appeared on a list of Communist functionaries, passed to MI5 by agents of the Secret Intelligence Service in Germany, so ensuring that a personal file was opened on him.1 Kuczynski had entered Britain on the pretext of writing a book on British labour conditions which he intended to research at the reading room of the British Museum. In an interview with the Home Office, he explained that he was free to return to Germany, but as a Jew was denied access to research institutions there.2 JK (as he refers to

in A matter of intelligence
Class, gender and race
Duncan Wheeler

health cover, 68 but this was often tied up with employment contracts, and was thereby exposed to fluctuations in the market and labour conditions. A demographic boom combined with rising unemployment figures, which rocketed from 4.7 per cent in 1976 to peak at 21.7 per cent in 1985, provided ripe preconditions for juvenile delinquency, already on the rise prior to Franco’s death. 69 Of adolescents arrested for the first time, 34 per cent had been physically abused for years; 88 per cent of teenagers with criminal records came from impoverished backgrounds, 75 per

in Following Franco
Abstract only
Imogen Richards

-profile neoliberal case studies, from the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) through deregulated labour conditions in less developed countries to US military industries. Extending Thomas Piketty’s 2014 Capital in the twenty-first century , I also examine how the monetarist precepts of neoliberal reasoning and its ‘meritocratic extremism’ have contributed to exacerbating wealth inequality within the US and internationally. Interpolating insights about neoliberalism from Chapters 1 and 2, Chapter 3 commences an account of AQ propaganda. My discussion and analysis here are

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

, labour conditions, to people displaced through industrialisation, refugees, and so on. These repeated sites of injury can be amenable to more cooperative, multi-levelled, enmeshed and tactical ways of working with rights. While such an approach is hardly novel, it could become more the heart of an international human rights practice. Although highly sensitive (how many governments are happy to reveal the state of their prisons or the practices of their police forces?) such ventures need not be so persistently structured by the dynamics of contending sovereignties. Nor

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Harry Blutstein

of workers … ­ [and] that unfair labour conditions, particularly in production for export, create difficulties in international trade, and … ­ [each country should] eliminate such conditions within its territory’.55 The Charter also addressed the behaviour of transnational corporations by attacking restrictive business practices. ITO members were required to: prevent, on the part of private or public commercial enterprises, business practices affecting international trade which restrain competition, limit access to markets, or foster monopolistic control, whenever

in The ascent of globalisation