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Louise Zamparutti

This essay analyses the literature on the foibe to illustrate a political use of human remains. The foibe are the deep karstic pits in Istria and around Trieste where Yugoslavian Communist troops disposed of Italians they executed en masse during World War II. By comparing contemporary literature on the foibe to a selection of archival reports of foibe exhumation processes it will be argued that the foibe literature popular in Italy today serves a political rather than informational purpose. Counterpublic theory will be applied to examine how the recent increase in popular foibe literature brought the identity of the esuli, one of Italy‘s subaltern counterpublics, to the national stage. The paper argues that by employing the narrative structure of the Holocaust, contemporary literature on the foibe attempts to recast Italy as a counterpublic in the wider European public sphere, presenting Italy as an unrecognised victim in World War II.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Andrea M. Szkil

The subject of forensic specialist‘s work with human remains in the aftermath of conflict has remained largely unexplored within the existing literature. Drawing upon anthropological fieldwork conducted from 2009–10 in three mortuary facilities overseen by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), this article analyses observations of and interviews with ICMP forensic specialists as a means of gaining insight into their experiences with the remains of people who went missing during the 1992–95 war in BiH. The article specifically focuses on how forensic specialists construct and maintain their professional identities within an emotionally charged situation. Through analysing forensic specialists encounters with human remains, it is argued that maintaining a professional identity requires ICMP forensic specialists to navigate between emotional attachment and engagement according to each situation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Kitty S. Millet

This article has two aims: to examine the effects of victim proximity to crematoria ashes and ash pits both consciously and unconsciously in a subset of Holocaust survivors, those who were incarcerated at the dedicated death camps of Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, as well as Auschwitz-Birkenau; and to contrast these effects, the subject positions they produce, with their suppression as the basis both for a strategy of survival during incarceration and for a reimagined identity after the war. Within a cohort of four survivors from Rudolf Reder (Belzec), Esther Raab (Sobibor), Jacob Wiernik (Treblinka) and Shlomo Venezia (Auschwitz), I trace the ways in which discrete memories and senses became constitutive in the formation of the subject prior to and after escape – the experience of liberation – so that essentially two kinds of subjects became visible, the subject in liberation and the subject of ashes. In conjunction with these two kinds of subjects, I introduce the compensatory notion of a third path suggested both by H. G. Adler and Anna Orenstein, also Holocaust survivors, that holds both positions together in one space, the space of literature, preventing the two positions from being stranded in dialectical opposition to each other.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Human symbols, doubled identities
Paul Carter

mirror image. As for the would-be hosts they remain inscrutable, not least because in the colonial environment a heritage of non-recognition disables them from playing the role of host. What might be called the ethnographic turn in my work is a response to this blocked path to reunion; it breaks out of the migrant solipsism or isolation twinned with nostalgia to consider the situation we find ourselves in historically, as the recapitulation of an older (and also abiding) history of failed recognition, eloquently preserved in the literature of Aboriginal colonisation

in Translations, an autoethnography
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Mark Doidge
Radosław Kossakowski
, and
Svenja Mintert

comprised of a capo and others responsible for fundraising, recruitment and creative ideas. While members are free to share ideas, the majority of members follow their leadership. Conflict with leadership either leads to power battles or the formation of new groups. The contradictions of the literature are partly a result of the complex processes at work within the ultras movement. On the one hand, the ultras are fragmenting and smaller groups are emerging. This is leading to conflict and differentiation within fan bases. On the other, it shows how ultras of different

in Ultras
Nora Engel

treatment sustainable and replicable across localities, to ensure that the risk of transmission of infectious strains is limited and the potential amplification of drug-resistance is avoided. These standards are constrained by local and health-system capacities. This chapter examines the tension between standardization and localization in efforts to control TB through the DOTS strategy. It uses anthropological and sociological literature that has (often critically) discussed the DOTS strategy and examples from past empirical fieldwork in 2008 and 2009

in Global health and the new world order
Open Access (free)
Lorenzo Ferrarini
Nicola Scaldaferri

to De Martino. The screenwriters who worked on these films included Pier Paolo Pasolini and Salvatore Quasimodo, a winner of the Nobel Prize in literature, while the soundtracks were often composed by electronic music experimentalists such as Egisto Macchi and Domenico Guaccero (Cosci 2015 ). The imaginaries surrounding Basilicata also reached mass audiences through cinema masterpieces such as Luchino Visconti’s Rocco e i suoi fratelli ( Rocco and His Brothers ) ( 1960 ), where ‘Lucania’ is evoked as the land of origin of the protagonists, who leave behind its

in Sonic ethnography
Contested boundaries and new solidarities
Sílvia Bofill-Poch

on what Shellee Colen ( 1995 ) has called stratified reproduction; that is, a system in which labour and social rights are granted or denied based on gender, class, race, and legal status. This is sustained by a border regime (Fassin 2011 ) – both in geo-political and conceptual terms – that reinforces, through the legal system, a model of care that is feminised, precarious, and stratified (Pérez-Orozco 2006 , see also Pine and Haukanes, Chapter 1 , this volume). Drawing on recent literature on citizenship and border regulation (Fassin 2011

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
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The passion and performance of contemporary football fandom

Since their emergence in Italy in 1968, ultras have become the most dominant style of football fandom in the world. Since its inception, the ultras style has spread from Southern Europe across North Africa to Northern and Eastern Europe, South East Asia and North America. This book argues that ultras are an important site of enquiry into understanding contemporary society. They are a passionate, politically engaged collective that base their identity around a form of consumption (football) that links to modern notions of identity like masculinity and nationalism. The book seeks to make a clear theoretical shift in studies of football fandom. While it sits in the body of literature focused on political mobilisations, social movements and hooliganism, it emphasises more fundamental sociological questions about group formation, notably collective performances and emotional relationships. By focusing on the common form of expression through the performance of choreographies, chants and sustained support throughout the match, this book shows how members build an emotional attachment to their club that valorises the colours and symbols of that team, whilst mobilising members against opponents. It does this through recognising the importance of gender, politics and violence to the expression of ultras fandom, as well as how this is presented on social media and within the stadium through specular choreographies.

Constructing population in the search for disease genes
Steve Sturdy

sets out to answer this question through a historical study of the changing aims and methodologies of medical genetics and human population genetics, and their recent convergence around new approaches to identifying genetic causes of ill health and disease. Based on a close reading of medical genetics research literature, I show how, between the 1980s and the early 2000s, the focus of that research shifted from rare single-gene disorders to the genetics of common complex disorders such as heart disease and diabetes. I show how that shift in focus

in Global health and the new world order