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A genealogical enquiry
Małgorzata Jakimów

traditions, and how this tension, in turn, was translated into citizenship education in post-Maoist China, which promoted the paternalistic, state-obedient ideal of citizenship. The final section discusses how the combined forces of the hierarchical rural–urban imaginary, the hukou system and the prescribed citizenship practices of obedience and passivity have interplayed with local state policies in urban China. I analyse three cities in particular – Shenzhen, Beijing and Hangzhou – as these are the locations of the majority of NGOs in this study, and three key

in China’s citizenship challenge
Owain Jones

functions of modernism remain very much intact in isolated and heavily protected pockets of success and security. Most advanced-country, middle-class elites live in these bubbles seeking to defend their interests. In what follows, I set out the provocations of the ecological crisis and previous calls for pragmatic responses to it, and then show how these calls have remained unheeded as we push ever deeper into the era of ecocide. Then a reading of pragmatism and NRT is offered to elaborate on some of their key shared traits. The idea of local, ecological, creative

in The power of pragmatism
Open Access (free)
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South Africa
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia

been successful to date. By contrast, participatory techniques in the design and construction of housing have been used to enhance community empowerment and a sense of local ownership. However, participation and collaboration can mean various things for informal housing upgrading, and often the involvement of local communities is limited to providing feedback in already agreed development decisions from local authorities and construction companies. This research lies under the umbrella of sustainable bottom-up urban regeneration. As part of a

in African cities and collaborative futures
The case of Ortobello Urban Garden
Giuseppe Aliperti and Silvia Sarti

fundamental role in the strategies and activism of labour and local community groups (Soja, 2009). The increasing number of metropolitan areas worldwide suggests that more in-​depth investigations into these metropolitan neighbourhoods are needed in order to explain the complex social dynamics emerging in these new contexts. As a matter of fact, the majority of the existing studies provided analyses and investigations focused on metropolitan settings. However, the issue of spatial justice also involves smaller urban settings. We propose the analysis of a case study based in

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Abstract only
Tim Edensor

mean that sources of supply are suddenly dropped, perhaps with catastrophic consequences for quarrying communities. The unequal relations that existed between the economic powerhouse of Manchester and the rural quarries that supplied it invariably created significant impacts upon local economies beyond the city. In fact, while some connections between sites of stone supply and Manchester may have endured for decades, ultimately all have withered. The evidence of these prior associations is found in the old transport routes that, like the long-disused cobbled byway in

in Manchester
Abstract only
James Thorp

and residential estates. Together with the Rochdale Canal, Clayton Vale, Philips Park and Moston Brook, this site, if linked with the others, would form a network of post-industrial green space in east Manchester. Exploring the site at present is mildly hazardous thanks to its misuse and lack of management. Paths have been worn – desire lines of locals taking shortcuts or walking their dogs, often revealing crushed brick rubble underfoot. Fly-tipping presents the most obvious hazard to visitors. Nike trainers, barely worn, lie strewn among festering domestic waste

in Manchester
Abstract only
Jenna C. Ashton

together. Stitches, darns, closes the wound, seals our fate; tighter, tighter, don’t let it unravel. Repair the damage. Industry, revolution, movement, displacement; we find hints in Alice’s writings, but perhaps best visualised in these two pieces. Her thread replaces words. The two textile pieces encapsulate the complexities of a Manchester that it is both domestic and public, international and local, traditional and modern. The linen of the embroidery sampler is stained with ageing, despite being pressed and held behind a glass frame. The threads are still gaudy and

in Manchester
Abstract only
Critically evaluating the role of the Incredible Edible movement in the UK
Michael Hardman, Mags Adams, Melissa Barker, and Luke Beesley

exploration elsewhere, particularly in the UK (Tornaghi, 2014). There is also emerging research which focuses on the environmental benefits derived through UA, particularly its contribution to local ecosystems and usage of urban by-​products as growing substrates (Chipungu et  al., 2013). Conversely there are warnings sounded in recent literature about the risks associated with UA, particularly in relation to the contaminated soils and waters and materials use to compose growing substrates (Chipungu et al., 2013). At its most basic level UA involves bringing food production

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Ethnic minorities and localities in China’s border encounters with Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam
Victor Konrad and Zhiding Hu

Introduction Most traffic between northern Vietnam and Yunnan Province, China, now uses the highway bridge between Hekou and Lao Cai, where inspection is rapid and thorough, with scanners and computerised identity checks (see Figure 6.1 ). Scaled down from this facility and crossing process is the traditional crossing between the centres of Hekou and Lao Cai across the Red River. The local crossing is now restricted to pedestrian traffic although substantial trade still occurs here. Before the highway bridge was completed

in Border images, border narratives
Crispian Fuller

, neoliberalism is described in terms of the growing role of the private sector and market priorities and values in urban governance, the declining role of the state and the privatisation and marketisation of public services ( Jessop, 2002 ; Storper, 2016 ). As various scholars have argued, these accounts tend to see neoliberalism as having a global ‘operational logic’, whereas, in practice, contingent local conditions produce a degree of variation ( Ong, 2006 ; Springer, 2012 ). Many studies ignore the importance of alternative values, norms and practices beyond

in The power of pragmatism