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Borders in contemporary Macedonia
Rozita Dimova

8 Materialities of displacement: borders in contemporary Macedonia Rozita Dimova The 246 km long border between the Republic of Macedonia (hereinafter Macedonia) and Greece sets off at Lake Prespa, crosses the fertile Pelagonia valley, runs across the steep mountainous wedges of the Nidze and Kozuf mountains, cuts short the valley of the river Vardar, and ends north of the Dojran Lake in eastern Macedonia (see Figure 8.1). The two countries are connected by three border crossings: Medzitlija-Niki near the towns of Bitola-Florina, Bogorodica-Evzoni near

in The political materialities of borders
New theoretical directions

Materiality has long been tied to the political projects of nationalism and capitalism. But how are we to rethink borders in this context? Is the border the limit where the capitalist nation-state, contested and re-created at its centre, becomes fixed? Or is it something else? Is the border something, or does it instead do things? This volume brings questions of materiality to bear specifically on the study of borders. These questions address specifically the shift from ontology to process in thinking about borders. The political materialities of borders does not presume the material aspect of borders but rather explores the ways in which any such materiality comes into being. Through ethnographic and philosophical explorations of the ontology of borders and its limitations from the perspective of materiality, this volume seeks to throw light on the interaction between the materiality of state borders and the non-material aspects of state-making. This enables a new understanding of borders as productive of the politics of materiality, on which both the state project rests, including its multifarious forms in the post-nation-state era.

Olga Demetriou

2 Materiality, imbrication, and the longue durée of Greco-Turkish borders Olga Demetriou Borders are irreducibly material structures. Even when they refer to non-material categories (e.g. difference, mental borders, disciplinary boundaries) the image conjured up to conceptualize these is that of a state border, drawn as a line on a map and policed with people and infrastructure on the ground. And yet attempts to understand these precise borders in their materiality have shown time and again in border studies that this ‘line’ is a ruse, that the more we take

in The political materialities of borders
Keith Mc Loughlin

-based deterrent. Despite prominent disarmament activists, such as Mary Kaldor and E.P. Thompson, continuing to alert the public to the dangers of military industry, CND reverted to type at a critical period when the threat of war coincided with the reality of mass unemployment. These last two chapters make the case that the unique opportunity to fuse ‘materialist’ and ‘moral’ arguments was lost. Living in a material world In 1968 Frank Parkin, a sociologist at the University of Kent, published his first academic

in The British left and the defence economy
Abstract only
Theorizing material and non-material mediations on theborder
Olga Demetriou and Rozita Dimova

1 Introduction: theorizing material and non-material mediations on the border Olga Demetriou and Rozita Dimova The border as process: tracing theoretical genealogies Social analysis has always recognized that politics is invested in the material. Capitalism and nationalism are projects shown to be rooted in the materialities of production, consumption, commodification, and the reconfiguration of definitions of ‘the human’ in relation to the material world. We may trace a trajectory in the materiality-politics nexus from the Hegelian roots of historical

in The political materialities of borders
Stephan Frühling and Andrew O'Neil

cooperation arise from material costs and relative benefits of such cooperation, while an institutionalist approach emphasises their endogenous nature and reflection of aims and values of the alliance overall. During the Cold War, two factors emerge as consistently important US objectives in shaping nuclear weapons cooperation in its alliances. First, the preservation of US control over US warheads was deemed

in Partners in deterrence
The view from New Delhi
Rajesh Rajagopalan

supply links of WMDs [weapons of mass destruction] to terrorists.” 13 As for solutions, India was clearly much more comfortable dealing with larger global issues such as the Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty and a push for global nuclear disarmament. India has repeatedly called for measures such as Global No-First Use and de-alerting of strategic weapons as a way of enhancing nuclear stability. 14 There was thus a clear gap between the U.S. and India when it came to understanding both the sources of nuclear

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
Vanya Kovačič

[mentions the name], as well. Ali’s story reports on multiple losses: of his health, social identity, loved ones, material objects, sense of security, and trust. His narrative was in many ways similar to narratives of other Syrian participants, but unique in comparison to the Iraqi participants I interviewed

in Reconstructing lives
Imaging the human body in drone warfare
Svea Braeunert

art and activism make use of satellite views for similar reasons when trying to come to terms with the drone campaign. They include James Bridle’s social media site Dronestagram (2012–2015) and his digital photo series Watching the Watchers (since 2013), as well as Josh Begley’s iPhone App Metadata (since 2012) and his interactive map Empire.is (2014). What these works have in common is their aim to counter secrecy by revealing the hidden structures of the US military and its clandestine wars, which find their material footprints in the sites of drone

in Drone imaginaries
Thomas Stubblefield

artifacts come to disclose the way in which the sphere of actions that comprise drone power shifts from the symbolic to the ontological so that its intervention becomes primarily one of world-making rather than meaning-making. Most immediately, the former acknowledges the drone’s control over an expansive milieu, which extends beyond individual subjects to include land features, material bodies and the host of pre-personal events that are translated into familiar narratives of the global counter-insurgency. However, the term also bears witness to both the exhaustive scale

in Drone imaginaries