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Angela McCarthy

‘but people thought that there were differences’. 3 While acknowledging that such practices may only be confined to certain members of a family or ethnic group, this chapter explores the material tokens of ethnic identity for the Irish and the Scots in New Zealand that they or others perceived as Irish or Scottish. As we saw in Chapter 2, some aspects of the national, regional, county, and local identities of Irish and

in Scottishness and Irishness in New Zealand since 1840
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Representations of leadership in late nineteenth-century British battle painting
Paul Usherwood

human nature. Here were pictures which instead of depicting officers performing inspiring deeds of derring-do as in Desanges’s Victoria Cross series, or masterminding victories as in Allan’s Waterloo , implied (and occasionally actually showed) officers taking a personal interest in their men and thus able to intervene in their lives morally as well as materially. One way, then, of understanding

in Popular imperialism and the military 1850–1950
Pratik Chakrabarti

the West Indies, Greenland and Asia. 3 The Orientalists under William Jones, on the other hand, were searching for the common civilizational roots across Asia and Europe. 4 At the same time, these pursuits were also linked to the material context of eighteenth-century colonialism and defined by the maritime and territorial power of the EEIC. This chapter will describe how these developments shaped the emergence of imperial materia medica. The term materia medica has been loosely used by naturalists and

in Materials and medicine
Trade, conquest and therapeutics in the eighteenth century

Medicine was transformed in the eighteenth century. Aligning the trajectories of intellectual and material wealth, this book uncovers how medicine acquired a new materialism as well as new materials in the context of global commerce and warfare. It studies the expansion of medicine as it acquired new materials and methods in an age of discovery and shows how eighteenth-century therapeutics encapsulates the intellectual and material resources of conquest. Bringing together a wide range of sources, the book argues that the intellectual developments in European medicine were inextricably linked to histories of conquest, colonisation and the establishment of colonial institutions. Medicine in the eighteenth-century colonies was shaped by the two main products of European mercantilism: minerals and spices. Forts and hospitals were often established as the first signs of British settlement in enemy territories, like the one in Navy Island. The shifting fortunes on the Coromandel Coast over the eighteenth century saw the decline of traditional ports like Masulipatnam and the emergence of Madras as the centre of British trade. The book also explores the emergence of materia medica and medical botany at confluence of the intellectual, spiritual and material quests. Three different forms of medical knowledge acquired by the British in the colonies: plants (columba roots and Swietenia febrifuga), natural objects and indigenous medical preparations (Tanjore pills). The book examines the texts, plants, minerals, colonial hospitals, dispensatories and the works of surgeons, missionaries and travellers to demonstrate that these were shaped by the material constitution of eighteenth century European colonialism.

Bronwen Everill

‘creole elite’ who believed they would benefit from a shared, non-ethnic British cultural identity: all of these challenge the image of a British world made up exclusively of the British diaspora. 5 It is clear that empires have a much wider impact on material culture than an examination of exclusively white settler colonies would suggest. The ‘footprint’ of empire is often seen in the physical landscape as

in The cultural construction of the British world
Material culture approaches to exploring humanitarian exchanges
Amanda B. Moniz

into nurses’ attitudes to care-work across lines of disease and race. It also offers hints of patients’ bodily experiences in the individual space assigned them for their care in this overcrowded charitable institution. Moreover, examining the mundane, essential material objects of patient care illuminates how New Yorkers’ relationships across the wide Atlantic and within the hospital’s confined spaces intersected either to

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Trevor Harris

conflation of ‘Armistice’ and ‘end of the war’ was entirely understandable. The quasi-religious trinitarian harmony of ‘the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month’ was a powerful symbol, the commemorative potentialities and popular appeal of which were quickly taken up in the form of Armistice Day celebrations and festivals of remembrance, and continue to provide a dramatic backdrop for popular histories and much online commemorative material. 21 But the government

in Exiting war
The case of Rosemary Taylor, Elaine Moir and Margaret Moses
Joy Damousi

of bureaucracy, she wrote to Moir: to save this poor child from a life of hell, just upsets me so much that I become unable to operate at all. I just have to recognise my own limitations. I think you know my feelings on the subject well enough by now. We are extremely grateful for your enormous efforts to aid the orphans, and for the material help we have

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Abstract only

allow converts to Christianity to detach themselves from traditional community structures and beliefs. As Martin Fuchs, Antje Linkenbach and Wolfgang Reinhard have argued, missionaries did not limit themselves to fostering the individualisation of non-Europeans; rather, they saw themselves as ‘ambassadors of a materially and intellectually superior Western culture and thus set out along with colonial

in Missionaries and modernity
The Select Committee on Aborigines (British Settlements)
Felicity Jensz

from harmful external influences and often sought to shape legislation in order to improve the material conditions of people, whereas philanthropists focused upon reforming the individual through religious and moral improvement. Although both of Roberts’ definitions could be applied to missionary organisations, missionaries are perhaps more accurately described as philanthropic because of their primary

in Missionaries and modernity